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第十讲 倒装句.ppt

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第十讲 倒装句.ppt
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征服语法 之倒装结构,,为了语法结构为了强调谓语的全部或一部分却提到主语前面,这种语序叫做倒装。 倒装可分为: a.全部倒装 b.部分倒装,倒装 (Inversion):,,,,2、部分谓语(情态动词、助动词、连系 动词)在前,谓语的主体部分仍在主语之 后的句子,叫部分倒装句。 Only then did he realize that he was wrong.,英语倒装句分为两种: 1、整个谓语在前的句子,叫完全倒装。 Here comes the car.,Inversion(倒装句),①若有主从句,哪句倒装。②部分倒装还是完全倒装。,A. 完全倒装,There be +主语,There lived an old man in the mountain. There stood an old tree in front of the house There still exist some problems,1.,翻译:天上有很多漂亮的鸟儿在飞。There are many birds flying in the sky.Many birds flying in the sky are there.,,There be doing There be done,,There are many birds flying in the sky.There are many birds fried by people.,2. here/there/now/then + vi. +主语out/in/up/down/away 在句首,表强调,eg: 1. Here comes the bus.There goes the bell.Now comes your turn.Out went the children.,注:代词做主语时,主谓语序不变,Here you are. Here it is. In he comes.,副词 + 动词+ 主语,副词 + 代词+ 动词,3. 句首状语为表示地点的介词词组。(不及物动词),eg: From the valley came a frightening sound.South of the city lies a big steel factory.,介词短语 + 谓语 + 主语,谓语通常是be , stand, sit , lie 等动词。,They arrived at a farmhouse in front of which a small boy was born.b. They arrived at a farmhouse in front of which sat a small boy.,At the foot of the mountain______. A. a village lie B. lies a village C. does a village lie D. lying a village,,完全倒装的动词:不及物动词,B. 部分倒装,1.用于省略if的虚拟语气条件状语从句。Had you received your lessons, you might havepassed the exam.Were I to do the work, I should do it some otherway.Should I be free tomorrow, I could go with you.,2. adj./n./v. +as 引导的让步状语从句,尽管他很有钱,但是他却并不幸福!Though he is very rich, he doesn’t feel happy.Rich as he is, he doesn’t feel happy.,Adj + as + 主语+系动词Rich as he is, he is not happy.Tired as I was, I tried to help her.,尽管他的家庭很穷,他却从来不想别人寻求帮助。Although his family is very poor,he never turns to others Poor as his family is, he never turns to others.,,尽管她们都很漂亮,但是没有人愿意娶她们 Pretty as they are, no man is willing to marry them.,,尽管总统很受欢迎,但是他并不能随心所欲Popular as he is, the president has not managed to have his own way.,adv (much) + as
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