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第十讲 倒装句.ppt

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第十讲 倒装句.ppt
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征服语法 之倒装结构,,为了语法结构为了强调谓语的全部或一部分却提到主语前面,这种语序叫做倒装。 倒装可分为: a.全部倒装 b.部分倒装,倒装 (Inversion):,,,,2、部分谓语(情态动词、助动词、连系 动词)在前,谓语的主体部分仍在主语之 后的句子,叫部分倒装句。 Only then did he realize that he was wrong.,英语倒装句分为两种: 1、整个谓语在前的句子,叫完全倒装。 Here comes the car.,Inversion(倒装句),①若有主从句,哪句倒装。②部分倒装还是完全倒装。,A. 完全倒装,There be +主语,There lived an old man in the mountain. There stood an old tree in front of the house There still exist some problems,1.,翻译:天上有很多漂亮的鸟儿在飞。There are many birds flying in the sky.Many birds flying in the sky are there.,,There be doing There be done,,There are many birds flying in the sky.There are many birds fried by people.,2. here/there/now/then + vi. +主语out/in/up/down/away 在句首,表强调,eg: 1. Here comes the bus.There goes the bell.Now comes your turn.Out went the children.,注:代词做主语时,主谓语序不变,Here you are. Here it is. In he comes.,副词 + 动词+ 主语,副词 + 代词+ 动词,3. 句首状语为表示地点的介词词组。(不及物动词),eg: From the valley came a frightening sound.South of the city lies a big steel factory.,介词短语 + 谓语 + 主语,谓语通常是be , stand, sit , lie 等动词。,They arrived at a farmhouse in front of which a small boy was born.b. They arrived at a farmhouse in front of which sat a small boy.,At the foot of the mountain______. A. a village lie B. lies a village C. does a village lie D. lying a village,,完全倒装的动词:不及物动词,B. 部分倒装,1.用于省略if的虚拟语气条件状语从句。Had you received your lessons, you might havepassed the exam.Were I to do the work, I should do it some otherway.Should I be free tomorrow, I could go with you.,2. adj./n./v. +as 引导的让步状语从句,尽管他很有钱,但是他却并不幸福!Though he is very rich, he doesn’t feel happy.Rich as he is, he doesn’t feel happy.,Adj + as + 主语+系动词Rich as he is, he is not happy.Tired as I was, I tried to help her.,尽管他的家庭很穷,他却从来不想别人寻求帮助。Although his family is very poor,he never turns to others Poor as his family is, he never turns to others.,,尽管她们都很漂亮,但是没有人愿意娶她们 Pretty as they are, no man is willing to marry them.,,尽管总统很受欢迎,但是他并不能随心所欲Popular as he is, the president has not managed to have his own way.,adv (much) + as + 主语+谓语Much as I like you, I will not marry you.Much as I hate the wait, I must stay home and study English.Much as he likes her, he does get annoyed with her sometimes.,尽管他很喜欢踢足球,但是去没有时间;Although he likes playing football very much, he has no time to do so.Much as he likes playing football, he has no time to do so.,Adv +as+主谓,尽管我们很多人都愿意致力于投身社会公益事业,但是在很多时候我们不得不放弃我们的梦想;Much as we are willing to devote ourselves to the public welfare work, we are obliged to give up our dreams.,尽管卢梭作为一个哲学家然很崇拜,然而他作为一个人本身,我并不喜欢。 Much as I adored Rousseau as a philosopher, I do not like him as a man.,v + as +主语+助动词 Try as they may, they will not succeed!Object as my parents may, I decide to do it.Try as he does, he never seems able to do the work beautifully.,,n(宾语、表语)+as +主谓Apologies as he has made, his wives are unwilling to forgive him.,练练手,1._____, his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting. A. Strange as might it sound B. As it might sound strange C. As strange it might sound D. Strange as it might sound,,2.____, he talks a lot about his favorite singers after class. A. A quiet student as he may be B. Quiet student as he may be C. Be a quiet student as he may D. Quiet as he may be a student,3. ______, Carolina couldn't get the door open. A. Try as she might B. As she might try C. She might as try D. Might she as try4._____, I have never seen anyone who's as capable as John. A. As long as I have traveled B. Now that I have traveled so much C. Much as I have traveled D. As I have traveled so much,5. ______that Maric was able to set up new branches elsewhere. A. So successful her business was B. So successful was her business C. So her business was successful D. So was her successful business 6. _____ about wild plants that they decided to make a trip to Madagascar for further research A. so curious the couple was B. So curious were the couple C. How curious the couple were D. The couple was such curious,Try as he would, he might fail again. Pretty as she is, she is not clever. =Though she is pretty, she is not clever. Child as he was, he had to make a living. = Though he was a child, he had to make a living.,,单数可数名词作表语提前不用冠词,3. So, Nor, Neither开头的句子,表示重复前句部分内容,谓语时态,形式与前句一致。He has been to Beijing. So have I . Peter can’t answer the question. Neither can I .so / nor / neither + 助动词/情态动词/ 系动词+ 主语,If Joe’s wife won’t go to the party, ____. A. he will either B. neither will he C. he neither will D. either he will– My room gets very cold at night. -- ______. A. So is mine B. So mine is C. So does mine D. So mine does,,It's burning hot today, isn't it? -- Yes, ____yesterday. A. So was it B. So it was C. So it is D. So is itI reminded you not to forget the appointment. ---_______. A.So you did B.So I do not C.So did you D. So do,,I would never ever come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible! - _____. A. Nor am I B. Neither would I C. Same with me D. So do I,当前面的句子中主语、谓语或肯否定形式不同时,则用so it is with….句型来表示。Tom likes singing, but he doesn’t like dancing.So it is with Mary. Tom is clever and he studies hard. So it is with Mary.,如果后一个句子只是单纯的重复前面句子的意思,则不倒装。 “It is hot today.” “So it is.” “He finished it on time.” “So he did.”,,I like the novel very much, however I do not like the movie.So it is with me!,4.用于no sooner…than; hardly…when (只倒主句,主句一般用过去完成时而从句用过去时。), not until (只倒主句) 句型中。,Not until the teacher came did he finish his work.No sooner had she gone out than the telephone rang.Hardly had I sat when he stepped in.,Not until the motorbike looked almost new repairing and cleaning it. did he stop C. stopped he . A. he stopped B D. he did stopDid Linda see the traffic accident? -No, no sooner ______impossible now does seem possible. A. had she gone B. she had gone C. has she gone D. she has gone,5.never, hardly, seldom, scarcely(几乎不), barely,little, at no time, not only (只倒前面) 等词放在句首。,Little did he know who the woman was. Never shall I do this again. Not only is better education important for improvingourselves but also it is important for developing our society.,但是当连接主语时不倒装 Not only he but also I have kept the secret.,1. Little _____ that we were watching his every move, so he seemed to be going his own way in this business. A. he realized B. he didn't realize C. didn't he realize D. did he realize2. How was the televised debate last night? --- Super! Rarely ______ so much media attention. A. a debate attracted B. did a debate attract C. a debate did attract D. attracted a debate,3. Never in m wildest dreams _____these people are living in such poor conditions. A.I could imagine B.could I imagine C.I couldn’t imagine D.couldn’t I imagine4. I’ve tried very hard to improve my English. But by no means _______with my progress. A. the teacher is not satisfied B. is the teacher not satisfied C. the teacher is satisfied D. is the teacher satisfied,5. Never before _______ in greater need of modern public transport than it is today. A. has this city been B. this city has been C. was this city D. this city was,6. 用于only开头的句子;(修饰副词,介词短语或状语从句),主句要倒装。,Only this afternoon did I finish the novel. Only in this way can you master English. Only when he told me did I realize what trouble hewas in.,注:only 修饰主语时,不倒装.Only he can do this work.,1. Only when I left my parents for Italy____ how much I loved them. A. I realized B. I had realized C. had I realized D. did I realize2. Only then_____ how much damage had been caused. A. she realized B. she had realized C. had she realized D. did she realize,3 ___ by keeping down costs will Power Data hold its advantage over other companies. A. Only B. Just C. Still D. Yet4. Only after my friend came______ . A.did the computer repair B.he repaired the computer C.was the computer repaired D.the computer was repaired,5. I failed in the final examination last term and only then __ the importance of studies. A. I realized B. I had realized C. had I realized D. did I realize6. Only in this way ____ to make improvement in the operating system. A. you can hope B. you did hope C. can you hope D. did you hope,7. Only when the war was over _____ to his hometown. A.did the young soldier return B.the young soldier returned C.returned the young soldier D.the young soldier did return 8.______can you expect to get a pay rise. A.With hard work B.Although work hard C.Only with hard work D.Now that he works hard,,凤姐非常漂亮,我们忍不住对她一见钟情! Sister Feng is very pretty and we can not help falling in love with her at the first sight. Sister Feng is very pretty so that we can not help falling in love with her at the first sight. Sister Feng is so pretty that we can not help falling in love with her at the first sight.,7.so…that/ such…that中 so+ adj./adv或such…提前到句首时,此部分用倒装 Sister Feng is so pretty that we can not help falling in love with her at the first sight.,,Our passion for doing things for ourselves is so great that we are becoming increasingly less dependent on specialized labor.,So / such ····that 的部分倒装,so easy is the task that a kid can do it. So much has everything changed that I can hardly recognize the place.So/ such + adj/ av/n +部分倒装+that,,,Newspapers exert such tremendous influence that they can not only bring about major changes to the lives of ordinary people but can even overthrow a government.,1. —Did you see who the driver was?—No, so quickly ______that I couldn’t gat a good look at his face. A.did the car speed by B.the car sped by C.does the car speed by D.the car speeds by2. ______that Maric was able to set up new branches elsewhere. A. So successful her business was B. So successful was her business C. So her business was successful D. So was her successful business,,3. _____homework did we have to do that we had no time to take a rest. A. So much B. Too much C. Too little D. So little 4. So difficult ______it to work out the problem that I decided to ask Tom for advice. A. I did find B. did I find C. I have found D. have I found,黄金写作句型,step 1: So/such····· that He speaks so fast that I almost can not follow him.Step 2: so/such + adj/ adv +部分倒装+ that So fast does he speak that I almost can not follow her.,翻译:交通事故问题变得很严重,急需要采取一些措施。Step 1: The traffic accidents are so serious that some measures need to be taken.Step 2: So serious are the traffic accidents that some measures need to be taken.,,8.在以often, always, once, many a time, now and then, every other day, 等作状语的频度副词位于句首时。Often did I speak of him before. Many a time has he helped me with my experiment.,Look at the following sentences,1. We will not be able to improve the situation until we know more.- Not until we know more will we be able to improve the situation.2. China’s then Premier Zhu Rongji, who stressed the need for equality and fairness in the world was among the speakers. - Among the speakers was China’s then Premier Zhu Rongji, who stressed the need for equality and fairness in the world.,3.We won’t have enough drinking water until we stop polluting our lakes and rivers.,4. Sustainable development can be possible only with international cooperation.,5. We seldom think of the small changes that we can do to make a big difference.,- Not until we stop polluting our lakes and rivers will we have enough drinking water.,- Only with international cooperation can sustainable development be possible.,- Seldom do we think of the small changes that we can do to make a big difference.,6. We can save the earth only by changing the way we live. Only by changing the way we live can we save the earth.7. The Earth Summit is not only a place to talk aboutproblems, but also a place to find solutions for the future.Not only is the Earth Summit a place to talk about problems, but also a place to find solutions for the future.,完全倒装:there be; 九个词;地点状语前置 那儿有九个词地点状语部分倒装:否定频度副词,as 引导让步状语,so/ such ····that结果状语,only +状语,hardly···when/not until时间状语,neither/so/nor 重复前面;虚拟省略If,强 化 练 习 1. ___the plane. A. Down flying B. Down was flying C. Down flew D. Flew down 2. Under a big tree ____, half asleep. A. did sat a fat man B. a fat man sat C. did a fat man sat D. sat a fat man,3. She plays the piano very well._________. A. So every one of us does B. Every one of us does C. So does every one of us D. So do every one of us 4. Never _____such a wonderful place as Hangzhou. A. are hanging B. had I seen C. I have seen D. have I seen,5. Not only ____a promise, but also he kept it. A. has he made B. does he make C. he made D. did he make 6. Not until he got off the bus _____that he had got his wallet stolen. A. he found B. did he find C. he had found D. had he found 7. Only in this way ___progress in your English. A. you make B. can you make C. you be able to make D. will you able to make,8. _____and caught the mouse. A. Up the cat jumped B. The cat up jumped C. Up jumped the cat D. Jumped up the cat 9. ------Where is your father?-------Oh,_______.A. here he comes B. he here comes C. here does he come D. here comes he,,10.____in which they had came to the island. A. Nearby were two canoes B. Nearby two canoes were C. Were two canoes nearby D. Two canoes nearby were 11. The door opened and there ____. A. enters an old man B. entered an old man C. did an old man enter D. an old man entered,12. Little ___ when I took the trip and ___ did my brother. A. have I known; so B. had I know;neither C. do I know; so D. did I know; neither 13. Was it not ___ you arrived at his house __ you discovered that he was on holiday? when; that B. until; did C. until; that D. when; did,14. Many a time __ to see me while __ in hospital. A. did he come; was I B. did he come; I was C. he came; was I D. he was; I was 15 .Now and then __ up to see what happened. A. did he wake B. he wake C. he wakes D. he did wake 16. She is not fond of cooking,____ I. A. so am B. nor am C. neither do I D. nor do 17. Early in the morning __ the news ____ the Chinese Team defeated the Japanese Team. A comes; what B. came; that C comes; that D came; what,18. At the foot of the mountain_____. A. lie a beautiful lake B. does a beautiful lake lie C. lies a beautiful lake D. do a beautiful lake lie19. At no time ___ his personal interest first. A. should a communist place B. a communist should place C. a communist place D. does a communist place,
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