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第四单元第28页-29页语言点及语法.ppt

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第四单元第28页-29页语言点及语法.ppt
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32 get/be absorbed in= get/be lost in =get/be devoted to =absorb oneself in =concentrate on He was absorbed in (doing) the experiment.,33 defend 保护 辩护 When a dog attacked me, I defended myself with a stick. The lawyer is defending Mr Green.defend sb/sth from保护某人免遭… We must defend our children from hunger =protect/guard →defend sth against Their duty is to defend their country against its enemies. The _____ of the country is everyone’s duty. He lost his life in _______of his country.,defense,defense,defend 指用武力 或其他措施使人或物不受损害 用作比喻指坚持某种行动决定或意见guard指保持警惕以防可能的攻击或伤害protect 指用某种手段作为防御工具以防危险或伤害 The consumers united to________ their interests against false products. The dog ________the house against strangers. We painted wood to _________it against the pest.,defend,,guarded,protect,→,crime 罪行(cn)犯罪活动(u n) He committed a serious crime. Crime is on the increase in big cities.criminal adj 犯罪的 刑事的 n. 犯人 He is a criminal lawyer.criminal law He used to be a criminal.,35 normal adj 正常的 It’s normal not to want to work on Sunday The normal temperature of a person is 37 centigrade.return to normal (n) 回归正常above/below normal 高于/低于正常标准 Everything has returned to normal. Rainfall has been above/below normal this year.,Grammar 倒装 英语句子的自然语序是主语在前谓语在后 而倒装是把谓语放在主语前 完全倒装 1 there be/live/stand句型 There stood a temple on the hill. 2 用于here/there/now/then+ vi. (come/go)+主语 Here comes the bus. Now comes your turn. Here it is. There he goes.,3 adv (out/in/up/down/away)等表示方向 方位的副词放句首 Out rushed Tom. Up went the plane In came the teacher. In he came. Out they rushed. 4 表示地点的介词短语放句首 Under the tree lay a boy. In front of the house sat an old man South of the city lies a factory. From the distance he came.,5 表语放句首的倒装 结构为 表语+系动词+主语如1) adj.+系v.+主语 Present at the meeting were Mr Green, Mr Black and other guests.2)pp过去分词/ving+系v+主 Gone are the days when they could do what they liked to Chinese. Seated on the ground was a boy aged about10. 3) adv+be+主 Below is a hotel.,4)介词短语+be+主 Among the
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