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英国文学选读重点.doc

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英国文学选读重点.doc
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英国文学选读名词解释:epic 史诗;叙事诗a long narrative poem in the grand stylethe Heroic Couplet(英雄双韵体)The rhymed couplet of iambic pentameter(抑扬格五音步).iambic/iambone unstressed syllabus/one stressed syllabuspentametera line with five main beats a common pattern of beats in poetry, in which each line has five iambs.RenaissanceMeans rebirth or revival. It’s a movement in Europe where humanist thinkers and scholars made attempts to get rid of those old feudalist ideas in medieval Europe, to introduce new ideas that expressed the interests of the rising bourgeoisie, and to recover the purity of the early church from the corruption of the Roman, Catholic Church.HumanismHumanism is the essence of the Renaissance. Man is the measure of all things. Human beings were glorious.sonnetA sonnet is a lyric poem consisting of a single stanza of fourteen iambic pentameter lines.metreformal rhythm in lines of verserhymetwo or more words with the same soundblank verseany verses, especially iambic pentameters that do not rhymeballad(民歌)originally a song for dancers, then in mediaeval times a simple poem with short stanza a telling a story.Critical realism 批判现实主义Is one of the literary trends that flourished mainly in the 19th century. The great critical realists described the chief traits of the society and criticized the capitalist system from a democratic viewpoint. Stream of consciousness 意识流Is one of the modern literary techniques. It is the style of writing that attempts to imitate the natural flow of a character’s thoughts, feelings, reflections, memories, and mental images as the character experiences them.[标黄的地方考出处,其余考问答]1.Geoffrey Chaucer 杰弗里 乔叟The Canterbury TalesQ: How is the setting of the tales described? With such a setting, could you predict the general tone of the tales that are to follow?A: Early spring ; happy, easy, lively, humorous2.William Shakespeare 威廉 莎士比亚HamletQ: Why sleep is so frightening, according to Hamlet, since it can “end” “the heartache and the thousand natural shocks
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