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译林牛津高中英语模块九第二单元讲解.doc

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译林牛津高中英语模块九第二单元讲解.doc
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P18line3Advance 表示进步、进展,是可数名词Progres 也表示这个意思,但是是不可数名词He has made good progress in his work.Advancement 表示促进(发展)The aim of a university should be the advancement of learning.大学的目标应是促进学术的发展。P18line24on top of sth/sb (a) over or above sth/sb 在某物 [某人 ]的上方或上边: Put this record on top of the others. 把这张唱片放在其他唱片上面. * Many people were crushed when the building collapsed on top of them. 那座大楼倒塌时把下面的很多人都砸死了. (b) in addition to sth 加在某事物上 : He gets commission on top of his salary. 他除了薪水之外还得到佣金. * On top of borrowing 50, he asked me to lend him my car. 他向我借了 50英镑, 此外还向我借汽车.P18line50Explode a) (of feelings) burst out suddenly (指感情)迸发: At last his anger exploded. 他终於大发雷霆. (b) ~ (with/in/into sth) (of people) show sudden violent emotion (指人)冲动, 激动: He exploded with rage, fury, jealousy, etc. 他勃然大怒﹑ 暴跳如雷﹑ 妒火中烧等. * She exploded into loud laughter. 她突然大笑起来. P18line57cut sth away (from sth) remove sth (from sth) by cutting (自某物上)切除, 剪去, 破掉某物: They cut away all the dead branches from the tree. 他们把树上的枯枝通通砍掉了. cut sth back; cut back (on sth) reduce sth considerably 大量削减某事物: If we don't sell more goods, we'll have to cut back (on) production. 我们若不能增加货物的销售量, 就必须大幅度降低产量. cut sth down (a) cause sth to fall down by cutting it at the base (自基础部分)砍倒: cut down a tree 砍倒一棵树. (b) reduce the length of sth; shorten sth 缩短某物; 删减某物: cut down a pair of trousers 把裤子改短 * Your article's too long -- please cut it down to 1000 words. 你的文章太长--请把它删减到 1000 字. cut sth down; cut down (on sth) reduce the amount or quantity of sth; consume, use or buy less (of sth) 减少某事物的数额或数量; 减少消耗, 少用或少买(某物): cut down one's expenses 减少开支 * The doctor told him to cut down his consumption of fat. 医生建议他减少脂肪的摄取量. * I won't have a cigarette, thanks -- I'm trying to cut down (on them), ie smoke fewer. 谢谢, 我不抽烟 --我正在尽量少抽. cut sb down (to sth) persuade sb to reduce a price 说服某人降低价格: He was asking 400 for the car, but we cut him down to £ 350. 这辆汽车他要价 400 英镑, 但是我们把价杀到 350 英镑.cut sb/sth from sth remove sb/sth from a larger object by cutting
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