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牛津英语音标认读.doc

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牛津英语音标认读.doc
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1音标认读:一、元音前元音:[ i: ] [ i ] [ e ] [ æ ][ i: ] 发音组合: e ee ea ie ei 代表单词: me he we evenbee feel breeze deep free seat beat lead tea eat reason grief believe achieve receive conceive[ i ] 发音组合: i 代表单词: sit bit kick pick wish音标对比: [ i: ] [ i ]seat sitbeat bit2sheep ship[ e ] 发音组合: e ea a 代表单词:pen ten best beg egg netbread heaven marry any many音标对比: [ i ] [ e ]sit setlift leftdid dead[æ] 发音组合: a 代表单词: cap map bad mad bank thank lamp 音标对比: [e] [æ]beg bagmet matbed bad中元音:[ə:] [ə] [ə: ] 发音组合:or ir er ur ear代表单词:work worker wormbird dirt affirm term burn surfpearl learn3[ə ] 发音组合:a er or 代表单词:appear arise again alike a man a pen teacher mother brother driver anger doctor actor tutor famous jealous音标对比:[ : ] [  ]earth arrivework tutor后元音: [a:] [ʌ] [u:] [u] [ɔ:] [ɔ] [a:] 发音组合:ar ear al代表单词:far dark hart farm garden bar star heart half[ʌ] 发音组合:u o代表单词:up cut but bus luck butter monk onion音标对比:[a:] [ʌ]fast fun hart butcard cut [u:] 发音组合:oo o ou u4代表单词:food fool boom cool hoop pool shoot tomb group blue clue rule truth conclude[u] 发音组合:oo u ou 代表单词:foot good cook hook tookpull full bull should 音标对比: [u:] [ u]foot food boot book cool couldroof roommoon wood[ɔ:] 发音组合:a oo aw ou ore au or ar 代表单词:talk ball hall call door floor law saw bought fought thought tought before ignorecaught naughty nauticalforce born sort warn [ɔ] 发音组合:o 代表单词:ox on not cop rot hot lot 5音标对比:[ɔ:] [ɔ]sort dogtort nod short shop 合口双元音为: [ei ] [ai] [ɔɪ] [au] [əu] [ei]发音组合:ei a ai ay代表单词:eight cake fate naked snake lake make name paid main day may 音标对比:[æ] [ei] [ e ] at eight bed bat bade set lab late pen sand same hen [ai]发音组合:y i uy代表单词:cry dry my kite high bike tight fine timebuy guy音标对比:[ æ ] [ai]bat biteback bikedam climblamp line sack sign[ɔɪ]6发音组合:oy oi 代表单词:toy boy loyalnoise voice point soil coin oil 音标对比:[ɔɪ ] [ɔ] boy bosstoy topspoil stop[au]发音组合:ou ow代表单词:house sound out noun bow town now tower音标对比:[au] [ai] now nightcow kitesound side [əu] 发音组合:o ow oa代表单词:host nose tone hole note coke cope bowl know low ownboat coat 音标对比:[au] [əu] how holeloud load集中双元音为:[iə] [ɛə] [uə][iə] 发音组合:eer ear ere 代表单词:beer deer7hear near fear here 音标对比:[iə] [il]here hill fear feel dear deal [ɛə]发音组合:air ear are ere代表单词:hair fair air chairbear sweardare harethere 音标对比:[ɛə] [aiə] hair hirefare firespare spire[uə]发音组合:oor ure our代表单词:poor lure sure tour 音标对比:[uə] [ə u]poor postsure soldlure load二、辅音爆破音: [ p ] [ b ] [ t ] [ d ] [ k ] [ g ][ p ] 8发音组合:p代表单词:pay pipe put pie peachsport speed spend [ b ] 发音组合:b 代表单词:bird bed bag big buy bake bill bear book 音标对比:[ p ] [ b ]put bookpen bed pet bet pull ball [ t ] 注意在[ s ] 音的后边, [ t ]音要读成相应的浊辅音 [ d ]发音组合:t 代表单词:tea teacher team tare tank taught tip it meet cat thought fate tent boat student stand stick[ d ] 发音组合:d代表单词:do did does deer date dig doom need bed climbed 音标对比:[ t ] [ d ] tea deedteam deepneat needbet bed[ k ] 9在[ s ] 音后面读相应的浊辅音[ g ]发音组合:c k ck代表单词:cake car can cat come kite sky keeppick back [ g ] 发音组合:g代表单词:geese go gap get big bag beg 音标对比:[ k ] [ g ]keep getkid gaincake begpick pigbake big 摩擦音:[ f ] 音标特征:唇齿摩擦清辅音发音要诀:上齿轻触下唇,用力将气流从唇齿之间吹出,引起摩擦成音。[ f ] 是清辅音,发音时声带不震动。发音组合:f ph 代表单词:five first life fine fat fail fair fall farm telephone phonetics photo [ v ] 音标特征:唇齿摩擦浊辅音发音要诀:上齿轻触下唇,用力将气流从唇齿之间吹出,引起摩擦成音。10[ v ] 是浊辅音,发音时声带震动。发音组合:v 代表单词:vote vine vat vail very vaseleave five 音标对比:[ f ] [ v ]life live five votephysics visit[θ]音标特征:舌尖齿背摩擦清辅音发音要诀:舌尖轻上齿背,气流由舌齿间窄缝泄出,摩擦成音。声带不震动,属于清辅音。发音组合:th 代表单词:think teeth thick theme thank thought both tooth truth fifth mouth cloth faith breath[ð]音标特征:舌尖齿背摩擦浊辅音发音要诀:舌尖轻触上齿背,气流由舌齿间窄缝泄出,摩擦成音。声带震动,属于浊辅音。发音组合:th 代表单词:this that these those then than though 音标对比:[ θ] [ð] thick this theme than teeth they death these [ʃ]11是清辅音, 发音时声带不震动。发音组合:sh s ss ch代表单词:ship fish sheet sheep dishsure ensure assure machine音标对比:[ ʃ] [ f ]sure fourship fishshe fee[3]浊辅音, 发音时声带震动。发音组合:s代表单词:pleasure usual leisure measure 音标对比:[ 3] [ʃ]sure treasure machine measure finish revision[ s ]音标特征:舌端齿龈摩擦清辅音发音要诀:双唇微开,上下齿接近于合拢状态,舌端靠近齿龈(不要贴住) ,气流由齿龈之间泄出,摩擦成音。发音时声带不震动, 属于清辅音。发音组合:s c 代表单词:seem set seek say see books dense mouse cupsface ice race price音标对比:[ θ] [s]theme seemthink sink 12path pass[ z ]音标特征:舌端齿龈摩擦浊辅音发音要诀:双唇微开,上下齿接近于合拢状态,舌端靠近齿龈(不要贴住),气流由齿龈之间泄出,摩擦成音。声带震动,属于浊辅音。发音组合:z s代表单词:zoo prize zeal raise knees eyes 音标对比:[ θ ] [ z ] [ s ] this zip books those zoo seem with his advice [ h ]注意: [ h ] 和汉语里的 “h” 音的区别。汉语的“ h”音比英语的[ h ]紧张有力。发英语时舌后部和软颚间不产生摩擦。发音组合:h wh 【注意】wh 在元音字母o前才发此音。代表单词:hot home house horse hate highwhole who whose whom [ r ]发音组合:r wr代表单词:race red rice rain right road free fry pray wrong write破擦音: [t] [d][tr][dr][ts][dz][ t]13音标特征:舌端齿龈破擦清辅音发音要诀:双唇微开, 舌尖舌端抬起, 先用舌尖抵上齿龈, 形成阻碍, 然后张开,使气流外泄而成音。气流冲破这个阻碍后, 舌和齿龈间仍保持一个狭缝,发出摩擦的声音。[ t]是清辅音, 发音时声带不震动。发音组合:ch 代表单词:cheap child chest choke check catch watch 音标对比:[ t] [ ] cheap shipchose shoescatch cash[d]音标特征:舌端齿龈破擦浊辅音发音要诀:双唇微开,舌尖舌端抬起,先用舌尖抵上齿龈,形成阻碍,然后张开,使气流外泄而成音。气流冲破这个阻碍后,舌和齿龈间仍保持一个狭缝,发出摩擦的声音。[ d]是浊辅音,发音时声带震动。发音组合:j g dg代表单词:jeep joke jew juice gin change jodge judge音标对比:[t] [d]charge judgechoice joinmatch page[ tr ]声带不震动,属于清辅音。发音组合:tr14代表单词:tree treat trip train tram [ dr ]声带震动,属于浊辅音。发音组合: dr代表单词: dream drag draw drink children音标对比: [ tr ] [ dr ]tree dreamtry dry treat dream [ ts ]声带不震动,属于清辅音。发音组合:ts 代表单词:sits seats mates peasants parents 音标对比: [ ts ] [ s ] gets guesslets lesslots lossplants class[ dz ]声带震动, 属于浊辅音.发音组合:ds 代表单词:needs seeds spends 音标对比:[ ts] [ dz ] [ z ] [ dz ]bets beds boys boardsseats seeds gloves groundsnets needs stares stands鼻辅音: [ m ] [ n ] [ ŋ ]15[ m ]发音组合:m代表单词:some come dimemother map moon [ n ]发音组合:n代表单词:noon nose note not no nothing moon soon son gun thin run dine gain [ŋ][  ]音和汉语普通话的  ng (昂” “影” 的尾音)相似,在词末发音时清晰有力。发音组合:ng n 代表单词:sing song singer king thingink sink thank tank 音标对比: [ m ] [ n ] home stone theme thin ment net 舌边音: [ l ]发音组合: l 代表单词:清晰音[ l ] let lad late laid leap lap 代表单词:含糊音[ l ] deal tell belt sale table16半元音: [ w ] [ j ] [ w ] 发音组合:w wh代表单词:wait west way wet will wide wheel what why when where while 音标对比:[ w ] [ v ]wet vet winter inventureworld voice women visit[ j ] 发音组合:y代表单词:year yes yet yard young you音标对比:[ i: ] [ j ]eat yeteast yeseager yard
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