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英语句子成分分析分析解析.ppt

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英语句子成分分析分析解析.ppt
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句子的构成,基本句型,主语+系动词+表语(主系表) 主语+不及物动词+(其他成分) 主语+及物动词+宾语(主谓宾) 主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语 主语+及物动词+宾语+宾补,句子成分,主语 谓语 宾语 表语 宾补 定语 状语同位语,I told my best friend Tom to pick me up at the airport.,↓ 主语,,↓ 谓 语,↓ 定语,↓ 宾 语,↓ 同位语,↓ 状 语,↓ 宾 语 补 足 语,㈠主语,Jane is good at playing the piano. She went out in a hurry. Four plus four is eight. To see is to believe. Smoking is bad for health. The young should respect the old. What he has said is true.,㈡谓语,简单谓语:由动词或动词词组组成I saw the flag on the top of the hill?He looked after two orphans. 复合谓语 由情态动词或助动词+动词;He can speak English wellShe hasn’t received the e-mail yet.,㈢表语,在系动词后的部分就是表语 常见的系动词有:be (am,is,are,were,was), appear, seem,feel, smell, taste, sound, look,get, grow, keep, turn, become, come,go ,remain,etc.The apple tastes sweet.,The war was over. They seem to know the truth. Time is precious. I’m not quite myself today. Who was the first? He is out of condition. The book is what I need.,㈣宾语,宾语分为直接宾语和间接宾语.直接宾语指物,间接宾语指人. He gave me some books.,↓ 间接 宾语,↓ 直接 宾语,● Please pass me the book. ● He bought me some flowers. ● I like my job. ● I love you. ● He wanted to leave here. ● They enjoyed playing computer games. ● I didn’t know when to switch the machine off. ● She wondered why Jim was so angry with her.,㈤宾语补足语,We must keep it a secret. I found the book interesting. Please keep the dog out. Please make yourself at home. She asked me to lend her a hand. Do you smell something burning? She had an arm broken in the accident. He made himself known to them.,主动语态变成被动语态后, 宾语补足语变成主补.,I last saw him playing near the river.,→,He was seen playing near the river.,The teacher caught the student cheating in the exam.,→,The student was caught cheating in the exam.,We elected him monitor.,→He was elected monitor.,He pushed the door open.,→The door was pushed open.,㈥定语,He is a clever boy. His father works in a steel work. There are 54students in our class. Do you known Betty’s sister? He bought some sleeping pills. There is a sleeping baby in bed. His spoken language is g
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