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英语 阅读理解 主旨大意题推理判断题.ppt

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英语 阅读理解 主旨大意题推理判断题.ppt
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阅读理解 第一讲 如何做好主旨大意题,阅读材料的特点:,如何做好中考中的阅读理解呢?,1、浏览全文,了解文章大意。注意每一段的第一句和最后一句2、带着问题细读全文,标示细节出处。3、遇到生词,灵活处理。4、检查答案,避免疏漏。,能在原文找到答案,3%-5%生词,词不离句,完成选择时, 看其是否与文中内容相矛盾,有无文中信息支持点 看它是否完全符合题目的要求 如果让你判断其标题的话,要看文章表达的是人还是事,从而推断其标题内容 所有的选项必须以文章为基础,不要随意发挥想像或联想,如何做好主旨大意题?,,一、主旨大意题 (做题要领),1. 干扰项 可能属文中某个具体事实或细节。,2. 干扰项 可能属从文中某些 (不完全的) 事实或细节片面推出的错误结论。,3. 干扰项 可能属非文章事实的主观臆断。,(正确答案) 是根据文章意思全面理解而归纳概括出来的;但不能太笼统、言过其实或以偏概全。,技巧解析:主旨大意题主要考查对文章主题或中心思想的领会和理解能力。寻找主题句往往是做好此类题的关键。因此,在做题时,要注意每段的主题句。抓住主题句,就不难确定文章的中心思想。,寻找主题句的方法: 1.认真阅读文章的首尾段或每段的首尾句子。 2.文章的主题作者往往有意识地反复论述。 3.抓住反复出现的中心词,即高频词,也叫做主题词.,Example :,There are many different ways to travel to Paris from London. One of the quickest and most popular ways is by train. From Waterloo Railway Station, you can travel all the way to Paris. The journey takes about three hours. The train, called the Eurostar, is very modern, and the seats are comfortable. You can also travel to France by ship.…… Another way to travel to Paris is by plane. …… 80. The passage mainly tells us about_______. A. different ways traveling from London to Paris B. international flights from London to Paris C. buses stopping at Ferry Terminal Seven in Dover,主题句出现在段首: 在议论文和说明文中,一个主题句常常是一个段落的开头,其后的句子则是论证或说明细节。,,,Every 30 seconds there is an earthquake. But don't worry because most are so weak that they cannot be. felt. Only a few big ones hurt people. Many earthquakes happened in China, such as the big one in Sichuan last month. Thousands of people died in it. So it's important to know what to do when one hits. Here are some tips on how to stay safe in an earthquake. If you are indoors during an earthquake, hide (躲藏) under a desk. Stay away from windows and anything that could fall on you. ……69. The best title of this passage is “_________“.A. How dangerous the earthquake isB. How to be safe during an earthquakeC. Don't be afraid of the earthquake,主题句也可能出现在段尾:作者先摆出事实依据,或者提出问题,然后层层推进,提出解决方法,然后后文再进一步详述。本段的中心思想在结尾句得到体现,是全文的主题句,下文按照主题句进行展开,We’ve talked about snails (蜗牛) and their slow m
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