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高中英语主谓一致课件76520.ppt

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高中英语主谓一致课件76520.ppt
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,,主谓一致考点,(一).就前一致: (即谓语动词与前面的中心词一致)名词 A ++ 名词 B 这样的结构做主语,谓语动词仅与 A 一致。1.Mary, together with her parents, ____________(去过) the Summer Palace twice.2.The teacher as well as her students ________fond of popular music very much.3. All but Tom _______________(know) the truth so far.,,with; together with; along with but; except; besides including; as well as; in addition to not; rather than; like…,has been to,-----,is,-----------,have known,---,4.He, rather than you, _________________(应受责备) (二).就后一致: (即谓语动词与后面的中心词一致)+ 名词作主语时, 谓语动词取决于后面名词的数1.One third of the students in our class_________ girls.2.Seventy percent of the surface of theearth _______ covered with / by water.,分数 + of ; 百分数 + ofsome of ; part of ; half of ;most of ; the rest of ; ….,is to blame,----,are,--------------,is,-------------------,------,3.Half of the project ____________________ (complete) in the past two months. 4.Some students are studying in the classroom, while the rest ______ enjoying the performances. (三) 就近一致:连接的词作主语,谓语 动词与最邻 近的主语一 致,……or……either……or……neither…….nor……not only……but also……not…… but ……There be……,has been completed,-------------,are,1.______ you or he to attend tomorrow’s meeting?2.Either you or he ______ mistaken.3.Neither Mary nor her parents _________in for rock music.4.There _____ a pen and some books on the table.,Are,▲,is,▲,go,▲,is,▲,(六) 分两种情况对比掌握:1.集合名词如 family, team, class, group, population 作主语, 如果作为一个整体看待, 谓语用单数.如果指集体里每一个成员,谓语用复数.1.Our class _______ a big one.Our class ______ fond of music.,is,are,2. The population of China _______far larger than that of Japan.Eighty percent of the population in China ________ farmers. 2. 单复数同形的词如 sheep, deer, Chinese, Japanese, means(方法,手段), works(著作, 工厂) 作主语, 谓语动词应根据上下文取决单复数.1.Every means ______ been triedto solve the problem.All means _______ been tried to solve the problem.,is,are,has,have,,2.There _________ a newly- builtchemical works. 3.一些总是以复数出现, 成双成对的事物如trousers, shoes, glasses, gloves 等如果单独出现, 谓语用复数,如果前面有 a / this
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