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高考英语虚拟语气(23张ppt).ppt

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高考英语虚拟语气(23张ppt).ppt
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虚拟语气,高三语法复习,Subjunctive Mood,,1.英语动词有三种语气, 陈述语气,祈使语气和虚拟语气。 2. 定义:用来表示说的话不是事实,或者是不可能发生或可能性比较小的情况,而是一种愿望,建议,假设的语气叫虚拟语气。,一、虚拟语气定义,一、非真实条件句中的虚拟语气二、宾语从句中的虚拟语气三、主语从句中的虚拟语气四、表语从句、同位语从句中的虚拟语气五、几种特殊的虚拟语气,,二、虚拟语气的主要内容,一、非真实条件句所表的假设则是不可能或不大可能发生或实现的, 句中的条件从句与结果主句皆用虚拟语气。,考题点击: I am not free today. If I ___free today , I __ and visit some of my friends .A. am will go B. were , would goC. shall be D. be , must go 2. If my lawyer ___ here last Saturday, he __ me from going .A. had been , would have prevented B. had been, would prevent C. were, would preventD. were, would have prevented 3.If I were to see Tom, what ___ you ___ me to tell him?A. are ,going to ask B. do , ask C. would , ask D. did, ask,B,A,C,注意1、陈述语气与虚拟语气 典型例题 1) The volleyball match will be put off if it _____. A. will rain B. rains C. rained D. is rained 2) --- Would you have called her up _____ possible?--- Yes, but I _____ busy doing my homework.A. had it been … was B. if it was … wereC. if it had been … had been D. if it were … would be,B,该句为陈述语气,因为主句用的是 will be put off。真实条件句主句为将来时,从句用一般现在时代将来时。,问句中用的是虚拟语气,主句用 would have called, 从句中与过去相反的动词形式为 had done;答句中表示的是真实的情况,所以该用陈述语气。,A,注意2.虚拟倒装句,1.Were it (=If it were) not for their help,we couldn’t have got over the difficulties. 2.Had I (=If I had) known about it,I would have told you. 3.Should anyone (=If anyone should )call, please take a message. What would have happened, _____ as far as the river bank? (01 上海) Bob had walked farther B. if Bob should walk farther C. had Bob walked farther D. if Bob walked farther,C,注意3.错综条件句(主从句描述的时间不一致)If you _____ him yesterday, you _____ what to do now. asked … would know B. had asked … would have known C. asked him … know D. had asked … would know,D,If you _____________ (not buy) the ticket last week,how _______ you go now? If I ____ (be) you, I _________________(take) his advice then.,hadn’t bought,were,would have taken,would,注意4. 含蓄虚拟条件句 有时为了表达的需要,在虚拟语气中并不总是出现if引导的条件句,而通过其他代替条件句。,I was ill that day. Otherwise
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