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常青藤盟校.doc

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常青藤盟校.doc
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常青藤盟校(lvy League)是由美国的七所大学和一所学院组成的一个大学联合会。它们是:马萨诸塞州的哈佛大学,康涅狄克州的耶鲁大学,纽约州的哥伦比亚大学,新泽西州的普林斯顿大学,罗德岛的布朗大学,纽约州的康奈尔大学,新罕布什尔州的达特茅斯学院和宾夕法尼亚州的宾夕法尼亚大学。这 8 所大学都是美国首屈一指的大学,历史悠久,治学严谨,许多著名的科学家、政界要人、商贾巨子都毕业于此。“常青藤” 并非高不可攀!雅思考试已经获得了 3000 所以上的美国大学认可,其中也包括全球顶尖的全部 8 所常春藤联盟大学:哈佛、耶鲁、康奈尔、哥伦比亚、普林斯顿、布朗、达特茅斯学院和宾夕法尼亚。 Ivy League is the name generally applied to eight universities (Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Harvard, Pennsylvania, Princeton, and Yale) that over the years have had common interests in scholarship as well as in athletics. Stanley Woodward, New York Herald Tribune sports writer, coined the phrase in the early thirties. In 1936 the undergraduate newspapers of these universities simultaneously ran an editorial advocating the formation of an ``Ivy League,'' but the first move toward this end was not taken until 1945. In that year, the eight presidents entered into an agreement ``for the purpose of reaffirming their intention of continuing intercollegiate football in such a way as to maintain the values of the game, while keeping it in fitting proportion to the main purposes of academic life.'' To achieve this objective two inter-university committees were appointed: one, made up primarily of the college deans, was to administer rules of eligibility; the other, composed of the athletic directors, was to establish policies on the length of the playing season and of preseason practice, operating budgets, and related matters. Two other inter-university committees on admission and financial aid were added later. As President Dodds pointed out at the time, the general principles agreed on by the eight universities were essentially the same as those set forth in the Harvard-Yale-Princeton Presidents' Agreement of 1916 (see Big Three). The first step toward organizing full league competition came in 1952 with the announcement that, beginning with the fall of 1953, each college would play every other college in the group at least once every five years. This plan was superseded in 195
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