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【语法】主谓一致 精讲(含练习).ppt

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【语法】主谓一致 精讲(含练习).ppt
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主谓一致,,,概念,原则,高考题,练习,主谓一致,,主语和谓语在人称和数上保持一致叫做主谓一致。,主谓一致的概念,,语法一致,意义一致,就近一致,(1) A girl is singing there. (2)The desks are green.,(1)His family are waiting for him. (2)My family is a large one.,(1)You or he is wrong. (2)Only one out of five were present.,,,,原则,,(1)The girl is singing. (2)The desks are green. (3)You like swimming, but she likes dancing.,♠ 语法一致 主语为单数形式,谓语动词也采用单数形式;主语为复数形式,谓语动词也采用复数形式。,♣ 意义一致主语形式虽是单数,但表示复数意义,谓语动词采用复数形式;主语形式虽是复数但表示单数意义,谓语动词也采用单数形式。,(1)His family are waiting for him. (2)My family is a large one.,♥ 就近原则谓语动词的人称和数由最靠近它的主语决定。,(1)You or he is wrong. (2)Only one out of five are present.,,(1).单数主语即使后面有由with, along, together, like, but, expect, besides, as well as, more than, rather than, including, in addition to 引导的短语,谓语动词用单数如:,(2)用and 或both…and连接的并列主语,谓语动词常用复数.但如果主语指的是同一个人,同一件事,同一概念,谓语动词用单数.,,(3)不定式(短语),动名词(短语)或从句作主语时,谓语动词用单数,如:,(4)用 and连接的并列主语被each,every或no修饰时,谓语动词 用单数。,each of + 复数代词,谓语动用单数。 复数代词+each,谓语动词用复数。如,语法一致,,Each boy and each girl is clever.,They each have seen the movie.,语法一致,,(5). none 作主语时,谓语动词可用单数,也可用复数,但在代表不可数的东西时总时看作单数,因而谓语要用单数。如:,语法一致,,(6).名词如:trousers, scissors,clothes,goods, glasses等作主语时,谓语动词必须用复数。如:,语法一致,,(7).形复意单名词如:news,physics,mathematics,economics,the United States,the New Times, Arabian Nights,the united Nations. 谓语动词要用单数。如:,语法一致,,(8)a number of +复数名词”谓语动词要用复数, “the number of +名词”等作主语时, 谓语动词要用单数。如:,语法一致,,(9) .百分数(或分数)+可数名词单数(或不可数名词)谓语动词用单数;百分数(或分数)+of+复数名词,谓语动词用复数。:如,10. one and a half + 复数名词作主语时, 谓语动词用单数形式.如:,One and a half bananas is left on the table. 有一根半香蕉留在桌子上.,语法一致,,(11). more than one… 或many a …+ 单数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数。,语法一致,More than one child is playing the game. Many a boy and girl has made the same mistake.,12. this kind of + 复数名词作主语, 谓语用单数.复数名词 + of this kind作主语, 谓语用复数. 如:,This kind of shoes is worth 50 yuan. Shoes of this kind are worth 50 yuan.,语法一致,,语法一致,,13. 在主谓倒装的句子中,谓语动词的数应与其后的主语一致.如:,There is a book on the table. Between the two houses lies a car.,(14). either, neither, so
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