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[下册]研究生英语精读教程 Six.ppt

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[下册]研究生英语精读教程 Six.ppt
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《研究生英语精读教程》(第三版下),中国人民大学出版社,Unit Six,Culture Shock,1. Text,2. Exercise,3. Supplementary Reading,Culture Shock①,Kalvero Oberg②,Menu,Translation,transplant v. move, relocate移居;移植 ailment n. an illness, esp. one that is not serious疾病(尤指不严重的小毛病),Menu,Translation,[1]Culture shock might be called an occupational disease of people who have been suddenly transplanted* abroad. Like most ailments*, it has its own symptoms and cure.,[2]Culture shock is precipitated* by the anxiety that results from losing all our familiar signs and symbols of social intercourse*.,precipitate v. cause to happen; hasten the coming of (an unwanted event)引起;加速来临 Intercourse n. interaction, interchange互相作用, 交际, 交往,Menu,Those signs or cues include the thousand and one ways in which we orient* ourselves to the situation of daily life; when to shake hands and what to say when we meet people, when and how to give tips, how to make purchases, when to accept and when to refuse invitations, when to take statements seriously and when not.,orient※ v. adjust or adapt to a particular situation使适应(环境);定向, 采取方向,Menu,These cues, which may be words, gestures, facial expressions, customs, or norms*, are acquired by all of us in the course of growing up and are as much a part of our culture as the language we speak or the beliefs we accept. All of us depend for our peace of mind and our efficiency on hundreds of these cues*, most of which we do not carry on the level of conscious awareness.,norm※ n. standard of proper behavior or principle of right and wrong规范, 准则 cue n. signal that guides behavior; information that indicates what to do行动的方向(方针);(应如何行动的)暗示;准则,Translation,Menu,[3]Now when an individual enters a strange culture, all or most of these familiar cues are removed. He or she is like a fish out of water. No matter how broad-minded or full of goodwill you may be, a series of props* have been knocked from under you, followed by a feeling of frustration and anxiety.,prop n. support支柱, 靠山,Menu,People react to t
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