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雅思写作关联词全攻略.doc

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雅思写作关联词全攻略.doc
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雅思写作关联词全攻略朗阁海外考试研究中心 总所周知,关联词连接着前后两个句子,让文章更加完整和通顺。在雅思写作考试中,关联词更是起着至关重要的作用。学习雅思作文用好连贯词是一个很重要的部分,因为在雅思写作四大评分标准中,连贯性与衔接是其中的一项评分标准,连贯性与衔接性其中一方面就是使用连接手段(即关联词)来实现的。那么雅思关联词总共分为哪几类呢?笔者认为雅思写作常用关联词可以分为以下几大类:1. 并列 (and)关系类A. 排序(sequencing)起:first of all in the first place to begin with first(ly)… the first (reason) is承:after this/that then following this/that afterwards合:finally/eventuallyB. 递进(reinforcing)Also besides furthermore In addition moreover what’s morenot only…but also…C. 等同(equating)In the same way likewise… similarly…… accordingly… equally important…D. 总结(summarizing)In conclusion, in summary, in short, lastly, to conclude, finally, to sum upE. 举例 (referring)For example, for instance, in particular, Particularly, such as, that is to say, Namely, a (good) case in point to illustrate… is …F. 结果(showing results)As a result, consequently, hence, so, Therefore, thereby, thus, for this reason, Leads to, cause2. 选择 (or)类A. 推断(inferring)In other words, in that case, then (or), else otherwiseB. 替换(giving alternatives)Alternatively, then againC. 重复(restating)In other words, that is to say, to put it simply3. 转折 (but)类A. 比较/对比(contrasting)Conversely, in comparison, in contrast to this, Instead, nevertheless, however, on the contrary, On the other hand … whereas…B. 让步(conceding)After all, all the same, even if … while Although/though/even though, however stillIn spite of / despite this/ that nevertheless nonetheless yet那么究竟应该怎样学习关联词呢?朗阁海外考试研究中心分析认为,学习关联词首先把连接词词性掌握,并掌握各词性的用法,就会简便得多。关联词大体可分为三大词性:连词,副词和短语,它们各自的用法又不一样。下面笔者结合一些例句给大家做一些解释和示范:1. 连词在雅思写作中常用的并列连词有 4 个,即 and, while, but 和 so, 后面直接跟句子,连接并列句时前面逗号可有可无。2. 副词副词连接并列句,前面用句号或分号,后面用逗号,在雅思写作中常用的副词有 however, obviously, therefore, overall, instead 等。3. 短语其实根据笔者的经验,考官非常钟爱将短语作为关联词使用,希望考生们注意到这一特点。雅思写作中常用的短语有 in conclusion, in other words, in terms of, regardless of, in addition, because of, as a result of, In spite of , in the other hand, rather than, to begin with 等。这些 in other words, regardless of 等词很好的处理了上下文的关系,使句子起到推论和递进的关系,这就是关联
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