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(湖南专版)2019中考英语总复习 第一篇 教材过关篇 课时11 Units 3-4(八下)课件.pptx

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(湖南专版)2019中考英语总复习 第一篇 教材过关篇 课时11 Units 3-4(八下)课件.pptx
湖南专版,新课标(RJ),第一篇 教材过关篇,课时11 Units 3-4(八下),mess,neither,shirt,pass,borrow,lend,finger,while,stress,waste,provide,anyway,neighbor,since,drop,allow,guess,argue,instead,whatever,nervous,offer,proper,return,member,skill,typical,continue,crazy,push,cause,take out the rubbish,all the time,sweep the floor,depend on,look through,work out,get on with,in one’s opinion,communicate with,as a result,compare…with,relationship,related,relative,usually,unusual,illness,properly,clearly,quickly,fairness,swept,swept,threw,thrown,lent,lent,development,developing,developed,dependent,independence,communication,argument,explanation,dropped,dropped,Could you please,sure,in order to,get into,there is,no need,take care,of,whatever he,wants,The earlier,the better,Why don’t you talk,about,are always comparing,allow me,to hang out,don’t,until,❶neither adv. 也不 pron.两者都不,(1)“neither+单数可数名词”意为“既不是(二者之中的)这一个,也不是另一个”。 —Can you come on Monday or Tuesday?你周一或周二能来吗? —I’m afraid neither day is possible.恐怕哪天都不行。 (2)“neither of+可数名词复数或代词复数”结构中的名词之前必须有my, the, these等限定词,且此结构后的谓语动词一般用单数形式。另外,either和not连用也表示“两者都不”。 Neither of my brothers has a car.=Either of my brothers doesn’t have a car. 我的两个哥哥都没有小汽车。 (3)“neither/nor+助动词/be动词/情态动词+主语”表示与前面所述的否定情况相同。 —I can’t dance. 我不会跳舞。 —Neither can I. 我也不会。,【归纳拓展】 (1)“so+助动词/be动词/情态动词+主语”表示与前面所述的肯定情况相同。 —They have been to the zoo.他们去过动物园。 —So have we. 我们也去过。 (2)“so+主语+助动词/be动词/情态动词”表示强调上述情况。 —Mr. Smith is a good teacher. 史密斯先生是一位好老师。 —So he is. He is always the first to come and the last to leave.确实是。他总是第一个到最后一个离开的。 (3)neither…nor…用来连接两个词/词组,是both…and…的反义词组。当neither…nor…连接两个并列主语时,谓语动词的数遵循“就近一致”原则。 He neither smokes nor drinks.他既不抽烟也不喝酒。 Neither he nor I am a teacher.我和他都不是老师。,【针对训练】 (1)“昨天下雪了。”“确实下了。” —It snowed yesterday. — . (2)我对新闻不感兴趣。我姐姐也不感兴趣。 I’m not interested in news. my sister. (3)Johnny has two sisters. of them likes orange juice, but he loves it. A.Neither B.None C.Each,So it did,Neither/Nor is,A,❷allow v. 允许;准许,Please allow me to carry your bag.请让我替你拿包。 They allowed smoking in this room only. 他们只允许在这间屋子里吸烟。 Girls aren’t allowed to go out at night.晚上女孩不允许外出。,【针对训练】 (1)周末,我的父母允许我看电视。 _______________________________________________________________________________ (2)We don’t allow in this room. A.smoking B.to smoke C.people smoking (3)Students should at least one hour a day. It’s good for their health. A.allow to exercise B.allow exercising C.be allowed to exercise,My parents allow me to watch TV on weekends.,A,C,❸return v. 归还;回来;返回,return 作“归还”讲时,相当于give back,常用于“return sth. to sb.”结构。 Return the book to the library. 把书归还给图书馆。,,【归纳拓展】 return 还可译为“回来;返回”,相当于come/get back,常用于“return to someplace”结构。 She’s returning to Australia tomorrow. 明天她要返回澳大利亚了。,[注意] return已含有back的意思,所以其后不能接back。,【针对训练】 (1)我们必须在三天后回到大连。 We must Dalian three days later. (2)They came back home at nine yesterday.(改为同义句) They home at nine yesterday.,return to,returned,❹continue v. 持续;继续存在,(1)continue作不及物动词时,意为“持续,继续”,相当于go on。 The snow continued for two days. 雪持续下了两天。 (2)continue作及物动词时,后面常接名词、动词-ing形式或动词不定式。 Let’s continue our lesson. 让我们继续上课。 She continued explaining it to me until I completely understood.她坚持给我解释直到我彻底理解了。,,【归纳拓展】 continue to do sth. 继续做另一件事 continue doing sth. 继续做同一件事,【针对训练】 (1)Nobody will like you if you continue like that. A.to talk B.talking C.to talking (2)After reading Lesson Nine, he continued Lesson Ten. A.to read B.reading C.to reading,B,A,❺compare v. 比较,(1)compare…with… 意为“把……和……比较”常表示同类相比。 If you compare your homework with his, you’ll find his is much better. 如果把你的作业和他的比较一下,你会发现他的好很多。 (2)compare…to… 意为“把……比作……”,常表示异类相比。 We often compare teachers to candles. 我们常把老师比作蜡烛。,【针对训练】 (1)A hobby is compared a special friend that you choose for yourself. A.in B.to C.with (2)Compared other books, this book is more useful. A.in B.to C.with,B,C,❻borrow/lend/keep,【针对训练】 用borrow, lend或keep的适当形式填空 (1)Sally, do you often books from the library? (2)Jim has the book Journey to the West for two weeks. (3)I my bike to Tony yesterday.,borrow,kept,lent,❼for/since,【针对训练】 用for或since 填空 (1)—Oh, Mrs. King, your dress looks nice. Is it new? —No, I have had it three years ago. (2)Miss Gao has lived in Beijing 1990. (3)My sister has worked as an engineer she came back from the United States. (4)I have lived here more than twenty years.,since,since,since,for,❽instead/instead of/rather than,(1)instead作副词,意为“代替,而不是”,在句中充当状语,常用于句首,起连接上下句的作用。 Tom doesn’t study hard. Instead, he plays football all day.汤姆不努力学习,反而整天踢足球。 (2)instead of 和rather than均意为“代替,而不是”,两者均可接名词或代词; 但前者接动词时要用v.-ing形式,后者常接动词原形。它们在一定情况下可相互转换。 She wants to go swimming tomorrow instead of playing basketball. =She wants to go swimming tomorrow rather than play basketball. =She doesn’t want to play basketball tomorrow. She wants to go swimming instead. 她明天想去游泳,而不是打篮球。,【针对训练】 用instead, instead of或rather than填空 (1)What young people need is chances too much money. (2)I decided to leave him a message make a call. (3)You look tired. Go to have a good rest, and let me do it, .,instead of,rather than,instead,❾Could you please…?,“Could you (please) +(not) do sth?”意为“请你(不)做某事好吗?” 肯定回答:Yes, sure/certainly/of course. 否定回答: Sorry, I can’t. —Could you please answer the telephone? 请你接电话好吗? —Sure./Sorry, I can’t. I’m too busy now. 当然可以。/对不起,我不能,我现在太忙。,,【归纳拓展】 (1)当could用作情态动词,且为can的过去式时,表示过去的能力,肯定和否定回答仍用could。 —Could you swim when you were five?你五岁时会游泳吗? —Yes, I could. 是的,我会。 (2)could 还可表示推测,意为“可能”。 The book could be Tom’s, I’m not sure. 这本书可能是汤姆的,我不确定。,【针对训练】 (1)—Could you please tell me ? —Go upstairs and turn left. A.what is the teachers’ office B.what the teachers’ office is C.where the teachers’ office is (2)Could you please move your bike?(改为否定句) →Could you please your bike?,C,not move,❿in order to do sth.,in order to do sth. 意为“为了/以便做某事”,可放在句首,也可放在句中,其否定形式为“in order not to do sth.”,意为“为了不做某事”。,,【归纳拓展】 “in order+that从句”也可表示“为了,以便”,从句中常用can, may, could, might等情态动词。 My father works hard in order that he can support the family. 我父亲辛苦地工作是为了养家。,【针对训练】 (1)为了完成这项任务,我们不得不夜以继日地工作。 _______________________________________________________________________________________________ (2) stop more accidents, we should slow down the driving speed. A.In order that B.In order to C.Thanks for (3)In order for the meeting, my sister forced herself to get up early this morning. A.not to be late B.not being late C.to be late,In order to finish the task, we have to work day and night.,B,A,⑪Why don’t you do…?,“Why don’t you do…?”是提建议的句型,表示“你为什么不做……呢?”。该结构相当于“Why not do sth.?”或“How/What about doing sth.?”。,,【归纳拓展】 当征求他人意见或向他人提建议时,还可用下列句型:,【针对训练】 (1)Why do some listening practice after class? A.you don’t B.you not C.not (2)你根本就不了解这件事,为什么不向她征求一些意见呢? You don’t know about this. her ?,C,Why not ask for some advice/suggestions,Ⅰ.单项选择 1.[2018·长沙模拟] They were both very tired, but of them took a rest. A.neither B.none C.all 2.[2018·邵阳冲刺] —Shirley, can you sing a song at my party this evening? — .There’s something wrong with my throat(喉咙). A.Of course I can B.I don’t agree with you C.I’m afraid I can’t 3.[2018·邵阳冲刺] If you want to go to the party this evening, . A.so do I B.so will I C.so I am,A,C,B,4.[2018·岳阳模拟] Yesterday he a book to me and I can it for 3 days. A.lends; borrow B.lent; keep C.borrowed; keep 5.[2019·原创] —Mr.Black doesn’t go to work by car every day. — . A.Nor does Mr.Green B.Neither Mr.Green does C.So does Mr.Green 6.[2016·株洲] He in Zhuzhou since seven years ago. A.works B.worked C.has worked,B,A,C,7.[2016·永州] Neither Li Hua nor I good at writing. A.am B.is C.are 8.[2016·郴州] —I feel upset because I am too heavy. — do more exercise to lose some weight? A.Why don’t B.Why not C.Why not to,A,B,Ⅱ.中英互译 1.孩子们没有足够的时间来学习和做家务。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 2.我一到家,就会给你打电话。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 3.为什么不让孩子们做他们想做的事情呢? ______________________________________________________________________________ 4.My mom didn’t say anything and walked away. ______________________________________________________________________________ 5.In order to make full use of time, I made a plan. ______________________________________________________________________________,Children don’t have enough time to study and do housework.,I’ll call you as soon as I get home.,Why not let the children do what they want to do?,我妈妈什么都没说就走了。,为了充分利用时间,我做了一个计划。,Ⅲ.用括号内所给词的适当形式填空 1.As a teenager, we should try to learn to be (depend).The earlier, the better. 2.You shouldn’t with your classmates.(argument) 3.China is a country, and America is a country.(develop) 4.He has with the problem so far.(deal) 5.His sister of the three is ten years than him.(old),independent,argue,developing,developed,dealt,eldest,older,



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