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英语不定代词的用法.doc

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英语不定代词的用法.doc
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不定代词的用法一、 复合不定代词由 some. any. no .every. 和 body. thing. one 构成的合成词1. 复合不定代词作主语时,谓语动词使用单数第三人称形式Everybody in our class interested in English.2. 修饰复合不定代词的词必须放在其后I have to tell you.(一些重要的事情 )We need one more helper.Can you find anyone else?3. none 在句中不能单独作主语,但可和 of 短语一起作主语,但其它复合不定代词可单独作谓语,但不能同 of 连用 .He is new here, so knows him,.of them has been to England before. (没有人)4. 代替复合不定代词的人称代词,表人的不定代词用 they 代替,表物时,用 it 代替.Something is wrong with your computer, isn’t ?Nobody has been there before, have ?(注意:Everyone 等同于 everybody ,只能指人。every one 既可指人也可指物,还可以与 of 短语连用。I would like everyone to be happy. Everyone\every one likes Mary.I have kept every one of her letters.)二、普通不定代词 all. both .each. either. none. neither. none every 等不定代词的用法一)1. 考虑是表示两者 还是两者以上, 如说明两者,选用 both. Either. Each. 或 neither 如说明三者或三者以上,选用 all. every. each 或 noneThe twin sisters are good at maths. of the students in our class wants to go there.2. 考虑表示肯定还是否定,如说明肯定,使用 all. both. either. each .或 every如说明否定,使用 neither, 或 none 如 ; of us wants more because we are all full.3. 考虑作主语时主谓一致性关系Both, all 作主语时,谓语动词通常用复数形式 Either, each,neither 作主语时,谓语动词用单三形式 All of the students going hiking next weekend.Neither of the boys going to wtch the movie this afternoon.4. 不定代词作同位语的位置关系,如作主语的同位语时,应放在行为动词前,助动词,情态动词, be 动词后。如果作宾语的同位语时,应紧跟在宾语后1) The students went to the movie except Mike. (all)2) We will go to Beijing for vacation this summer. (all)3) It’s necessary for us all to learn English well. 4) Then mix it all up.二) 、 Some , any 的用法1)都可用作主语,宾语,any 但常用于否定句或疑问句中, some 常用于肯定句中---Have you any French books? --- Yes, I have some.Does any of you know Mr. Liu? I don’t like any of these pictures.2) some. any 还可用作定语,可以修饰可数名词和不可数名词I have some story-books. Is there any milk in the glass?注意;当问句表示邀请或者请求,或期待得到肯定回答时要用 some。Shall I get some for you? Would you like some coffee?any 用于肯定句,表示 “ 任何”You may come to ask questions at any time, I’ll be at school the whole afternoon.三)代词 it 的用法1)指代前面提到过的事物 T
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