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英语不定代词的用法.doc

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英语不定代词的用法.doc
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不定代词的用法一、 复合不定代词由 some. any. no .every. 和 body. thing. one 构成的合成词1. 复合不定代词作主语时,谓语动词使用单数第三人称形式Everybody in our class interested in English.2. 修饰复合不定代词的词必须放在其后I have to tell you.(一些重要的事情 )We need one more helper.Can you find anyone else?3. none 在句中不能单独作主语,但可和 of 短语一起作主语,但其它复合不定代词可单独作谓语,但不能同 of 连用 .He is new here, so knows him,.of them has been to England before. (没有人)4. 代替复合不定代词的人称代词,表人的不定代词用 they 代替,表物时,用 it 代替.Something is wrong with your computer, isn’t ?Nobody has been there before, have ?(注意:Everyone 等同于 everybody ,只能指人。every one 既可指人也可指物,还可以与 of 短语连用。I would like everyone to be happy. Everyone\every one likes Mary.I have kept every one of her letters.)二、普通不定代词 all. both .each. either. none. neither. none every 等不定代词的用法一)1. 考虑是表示两者 还是两者以上, 如说明两者,选用 both. Either. Each. 或 neither 如说明三者或三者以上,选用 all. every. each 或 noneThe twin sisters are good at maths. of the students in our class wants to go there.2. 考虑表示肯定还是否定,如说明肯定,使用 all. both. either. each .或 every如说明否定,使用 neither, 或 none 如 ; of us wants more because we are all full.3. 考虑作主语时主谓一致性关系Both, all 作主语时,谓语动词通常用复数形式 Either, each,neither 作主语时,谓语动词用单三形式 All of the students going hiking next weekend.Neither of the boys going to wtch the movie this afternoon.4. 不定代词作同位语的位置关系,如作主语的同位语时,应放在行为动词前,助动词,情态动词, be 动词后。如果作宾语的同位语时,应紧跟在宾语后1) The students went to the movie except Mike. (all)2) We will go to Beijing for vacation this summer. (all)3) It’s necessary for us all to learn English well. 4) Then mix it all up.二) 、 Some , any 的用法1)都可用作主语,宾语,any 但常用于否定句或疑问句中, some 常用于肯定句中---Have you any French books? --- Yes, I have some.Does any of you know Mr. Liu? I don’t like any of these pictures.2) some. any 还可用作定语,可以修饰可数名词和不可数名词I have some story-books. Is there any milk in the glass?注意;当问句表示邀请或者请求,或期待得到肯定回答时要用 some。Shall I get some for you? Would you like some coffee?any 用于肯定句,表示 “ 任何”You may come to ask questions at any time, I’ll be at school the whole afternoon.三)代词 it 的用法1)指代前面提到过的事物 This is not my book. It is Jim’s.2) 指代指示代词 this \that What’s this? It is a book.3)指婴儿或不明身份的人 Who is the baby in the picture? It’s my brother.4)指时间或季节 What is your favourite seasom? It’s autumn.5)表距离 How far is it from here to your school? 6)表天气 What’s the weather like in Beijing in winter? It’ cold.7) 用作形式主语,常用于下列句型中 (1).It’s + adj.+(for sb.) to do sth. (2) It’s time to do \for\that… (3)It seems that…(4)It’s one’s turn to do sth. (5)It is +adj. + that 8)用作形式宾语 Do you think it necessary to learn to wait in line.9)引导强调句型 It is\ was +被强调部分+ that\ who +其它成分)It was in the park that Tom lost his watch.注意:一)It one (ones) ,that, (those) 作替代词时的区别1) it 特制上下文提到的同一对象,是同一事物 The book is mine, It’s very interesting.2) 泛指上下文提到的同类事物中的一个,同类而不同物—Who has a pen?--- I have one.3) That 常用于比较结构中,代替前面提到的名词(可数名词单数和不可数名词) ,those常 用于比较结构中,代替前面提到的可数名词复数,以避免重复。The weather in Beijing is colder than that in Guangzhou in winter.二) Other 另外的 常与复数名词连用,但如果前面有 this,that ,the,some,any each,every no, one,my, your 等时,则可与单数名词连用The other 两者中 常与 one 连用,构成 one…the other….; 作定语修另一个 饰复数名词时,表 “其余的全部”Others 泛指别的 是 other 的复数形式,泛指别的人或物(但不是全部) ,不能人或物 做定语,构成 some…others… The others 特指其余的人或物 是 the other 的复数形式,特指其余所有的人或物Another 任何一个, 指三者或三者以上中的任何一个,用作形容词或代词另一个1. I don’t like the new shirt, can you show me another .2.The desk in our school are newer than in that school.3.Look at my new car,do you want to try . 4.He will drop in on us day.5.My parents are at home. They are warching TV now.6.There are many trees on side of the road, so it is very cool in summer.7. of the students in my class is here. They went to the cinema.8. Lucy or Lily goes shopping with their mum every Sunday.9. Of the two boys is allowed to play football. You can choose student except them.10.What things do you want? 11. I have two pens. One is red, is black.12. There are only five students in the classroom.Wher are ? The students are having a PE class. Some are running,Some are playing basketball, are jumping.
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