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轮毂术语(中英文对照).doc

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轮毂术语(中英文对照).doc
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轮毂术语 (一)P. 1/5Backside setting/Back spacing - The measurement from the mounting pad to the inner edge of the wheel.后距:安装盘到轮毂内侧轮缘边的距离。 Bead seat - The position where the tire rests and seals on the inside of the rim.胎圈座:轮辋上安放轮胎的地方。 Bolt Circle - The diameter of an imaginary circle drawn through the center of each lug hole. Also referred to as the bolt pattern. 节圆:一个假想的圆的直径,该圆的圆周经过每一个螺栓孔的中心。也叫螺栓模式。Center Bore - The hole in the center of the wheel machined to match the hub of specified vehicles with hub-centric wheels and machined to a generic size with lug centric wheels. 中心孔:在轮毂的中心加工的一个孔。在以中心孔定心时与轮轴适配,在以螺栓孔定心时为一通常尺寸。Hub centric - The center bore hole of a wheel matches the hub diameter of the vehicle. This centers the wheel via the center hole rather than the lug nuts. 轮轴定心:轮毂中心孔与轮轴直径适配。通过中心孔定心,而不是通过螺栓孔定心。Hub centric ring(s) - A nylon insert for the center bore of the wheel that keeps the wheel concentric to the vehicle's hub during installation. 轮毂中心环:一个嵌入轮毂中心孔的尼龙环,在安装时使轮毂与轮轴同心。Load rating - The maximum weight that the wheel is designed to support. To determine load rating requirements take the gross axle weight ration and divide by 2. 轮毂术语 (一)P. 2/5载荷:轮毂的设计最大负载。等于轮轴总承重除以 2。Lug centric - When the wheel is centered by the bolt holes/ lug nuts of the wheel, rather than by the center bore. Lug centric wheels should be balanced from the bolt holes. 螺栓孔定心:轮毂由螺栓孔确定中心,而不是由中心孔。通过螺栓孔来平衡轮毂。Make - The brand name of the vehicle. For example, Ford, Chevrolet, Honda. 品牌:汽车的牌子。如福特、雪佛来、本田。Model - The particular style name of the vehicle. For example, F-150, Corvette, Civic.型号:汽车的某种类型的名称。如 F-150、巡洋舰、林肯公民。 Mounting pad - The surface area on the back of the wheel's center that contacts the brake drum or rotor surface. 安装盘:轮毂中心背部表面与刹车鼓或转轴表面接触的部分。MSRP - This is the manufacturer suggested retail price per wheel. The dealer sets actual retail pricing. 制造商建议零售价:制造商建议的轮毂零售价。实际零售价由零售商决定。Negative offset - When the mounting surface is closer to the disk/drum (Inside) of the wheel. Or the mounting pad is behind the centerline of the wheel. This type of wheel is commonly referred to as a deep-dish wheel. This offset is common in older vehicles and many of today's trucks and will bring the wheel/tire combination out away from the vehicle.负偏距:安装盘表面更靠近刹车盘/ 刹车鼓。或安装盘表面在轮毂中心线内侧。这种轮毂常被称作深盘轮毂,多用于旧式汽车及现时的卡车,使轮毂/轮胎总成探出在汽车外面。 轮毂术语 (一)P. 3/5Offset - The offset of the wheel is the distance from the mounting pad to the centerline of the wheel.偏距:安装盘到轮毂中心线的距离。 Positive offset - The mounting pad is forward of the centerline of the wheel, towards the street side of the wheel. This is common in most front wheel drive cars and some newer trucks. Generally speaking a positive offset wheel brings the wheels closer to the center of the vehicle. 正偏距:安装盘表面在轮辋中心线外侧,接近轮毂的装饰面。常用于绝在部分前轮驱动的轿车和新式卡车。总的来说,正偏距使轮毂更接近汽车的中心。Plus 1/ plus 2 sizing - A concept to improve handling and performance through the mounting of lower profile tires to wheels that are 1″, 2″ or even 3″ greater in diameter. The overall ride height remains the same. 尺寸加 1/加 2:提高车轮操作性能的一种方法,将轮毂的尺寸(胎圈座直径)加大 1″、2″、甚至 3″,然后安装截面高度更小的轮胎,但车轮的总高度(轮辋半径+轮胎截面高度)不变。Rim width - The width of the custom wheel, measured from bead seat to bead seat not edge to edge.轮辋宽度:常用轮毂的宽度,从胎圈座至胎圈座,而不是从轮缘边至轮缘边。 Rim Diameter - The overall diameter of the wheel's bead seat, not the diameter of the rim edge. 轮辋直径:轮毂胎圈座的直径,不是轮缘边的直径。Rim flange - The outermost edge of the wheel's rim that the clip-on weights attach to on most wheels.轮缘:轮辋的最外侧边缘,绝大多数轮毂的平衡块贴在轮缘上。轮毂术语 (一)P. 4/5Safety bead - The raised area circling the rim of the wheel and located slightly inward from the bead seat. 胎圈锁:环绕轮辋的突出部分,在胎圈座紧靠里边的位置。Spring clips - Push on retainer clips that hold the brake from on the disc rotor to the axle during transportation. 弹簧夹:推进式固定器,使刹车闸从盘形转子上移动至轮轴上。Star pattern - The proper way for sequential torquing of the lugs in a 5 lug bolt circle.五星方式: 5 孔 PCD 的螺栓的合理扭动顺序。Torquing - The securing of the wheel/tire assembly to the automobile by the tightening of the wheel's lug nuts to the studs of the vehicle's hub. Custom wheels should always be torqued with a manual torque wrench (not an impact air wrench) to torque rating specifications followed by periodic re-torquing. Torque rating - The proper pressure to be applied in foot pounds when tightening lug nuts to secure the wheel/tire assembly to the automobile.扭矩:将轮毂/轮胎安全装在汽车时,紧固轮毂螺母的适当压力。用英尺磅表示。Unsprung weight - The total weight of the vehicle not supported by the suspension system. For example wheels and tires. 簧下重量:汽车在没有安装悬挂系统(如轮毂和轮胎)时的重量。Wheel weights - Weights that are used to balance the wheel/tire assembly. They are either clipped, taped, or self adhered to the inside or outside of the wheel.平衡块:用于平衡轮毂/轮胎总成的重量块。平衡块被用夹紧、粘贴或自粘的方式固定在轮毂的内侧或外侧。 轮毂术语 (一)P. 5/5Zero offset - The distance from the mounting pad to the centerline of the wheel is 0.零偏距:安装盘至轮毂中心线的距离为0。
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