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英语意群阅读.doc

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英语意群阅读.doc
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关于意群阅读一篇拼凑总结--------------------------------------------------------------- 英文意群介绍一个句子可根据意思和语法结构分成若干小段,每一小段称之为一个意群。意群可以是一个词,一个词组或短语,也可以是并列句的一个分句或复合句的一个主句、从句等等,我们可用“/” 来划分句子的意群。  现将句子划分意群的一般原则归纳如下: 1.名词词组 1)冠词 +名词,例:a country 2)名词 +名词,例:coumrade Li 3)指示代词 +名词,例:this book 4)形容词 +名词,例:natural science 5)作形容词用的名词或分词+名词,例: New Year’s Day the working class 6)数词 +名词,例:thirty-two note-books7)数词+ 数词,例: 223--two hundred and twenty-three 8)不定代词 +名词,例:some ink 2.介词短语,例: from now on with an effort 3.副词短语,例: day and night first of all 4.副词 +介词短语,例: early in the morning far into the night 5.副词 +动词,或动词+副词,例: quite understand study hard 6.一些固定的动词词组,例: to take a rest to have a meeting to get ready 7.联系动词 +表语,例: be at school grow quite well 8.主语 +谓语,这种句型用于简短语句时,一般划分为一个意群,例: He stands up. They are very happy. 9.主语+谓语+宾语,这种句型用于简短语句时,划分为一个意群,例: I can speak English. He gave me a book. 10.简短的名词性从句,包括主语从句、表语从句和宾语从句,例: That he will come here/is certain.(主语从句) This is/how he studies English.(表语从句) He told me/where I could find my book.(宾语从句) 11.简短的定语从句,例: This is a factory/that makes cloth. 12.简短的状语从句,状语从句可以放在句首或句末。放在句首时,从句后通常要用逗号;放在句末时,从句一般不用逗号,每个简短的状语从句分为一个意群,例: I waited/till he come back. He can’t come/because he is ill. We worked fast/so that we finish our plan. 列举一些例子:1. 当出现复合句时,特别是定语从句和宾语从句,若定语从句关系词或宾语从句连接词that被省略,考生常常会打乱意群,读起来不得要领。例如:① The crafts people buy include things to decorate their homes,clothes for their children and gifts for their friends,holidays,weddings or special occasions.people buy是定语从句,限制the crafts,如果将The crafts people看作一个意群,则后面的buy include things便没法理解了。② He must capture the horse.He knew better man than he had tried.此例第二句中的knew后省略了 that,better m an than he属于一个意群,是这个宾语从句的主语,若把he knew better放在一起读,下文就读不通了。2. 非谓语动词-ing形式与-ed形式引起的麻烦。例如:③ Assembly will have limited self- governing powers,British say it could be as long as 30 years before the North might be in charge of its own affairs.这里will have不与 limited一起构成将来完成时,will have后应稍有停顿,lim ited用作形容词,作前置定语,修饰self-governing pow
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