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初中定语从句优质课(人教版).ppt.ppt

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初中定语从句优质课(人教版).ppt.ppt
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1,,Welcome,By Lu YilanFrom Meigang Middle School,2,Grammar,定语从句,The Attributive Clause,Module1 Unit4 Earthquakes,3,,Lead-in,4,Titanic is a film (that/which ) people like a lot.,Titanic is a film.,People like the film a lot.,5,Titanic is also a ship.,The ship sank after hitting an iceberg.,Titanic is also a ship which/that sank after hitting an iceberg.,6,The lady is Rose.,who/that is very beautiful,Rose,The lady is very beautiful.,The lady is Rose.,7,Cal is a young gentleman whose father is a millionaire.,Cal,Cal is a young gentleman.,The gentleman’s father is a millionaire.,8,,Jack,Cal,The man (whom/who/that) Rose wanted to marry is Jack.,Rose wanted to marry the man.,The man is Jack .,9,Discovering useful structures,Titanic is a film (that/which ) people like a lot.,1. Titanic is a film.,people like the film a lot .,The lady who is very beautiful is Rose.,2. The lady is very beautiful .The lady is Rose.,3. Cal is a young gentleman .,The young gentleman’ s father is a millionaire.,Cal is a young gentleman whose father is a millionaire.,,,,,,,11,含有由关系代词引导的定语从句的复合句。,两个简单句: The lady is very beautiful. The lady is Rose.,主从复合句: The lady who is very beautiful is Rose.,,,12,Using of the structures,13,定语从句,The lady who is very beautiful is Rose.,在复合句中作定语用的从句叫定语从句.,An attributive clause is a clause used as the attributive in a compound sentence.,What is an attributive clause ?,14,Discovering the rules,15,The lady is Rose.,先行词: 被定语从句所修饰的词,(先行词一般是名词或代词),,,从句,先行词,引导词(关系代词和关系副词),引导词的作用:,引导词(关系代词或关系副词):引导定语从句的词,,从句,who is very beautiful,定语从句的要素:,3)在从句中充当一定的成分(作主语、宾语、定语等).,1)把两个句子连起来构成一个复合句;,2)代替先行词的意思;,The lady,who,16,1)Titanic is a film (which/that) people like a lot. 2) Titanic is also a ship which/that sank after hitting the iceberg.3) The lady who/that is very beautiful is Rose . 4) The man ( who/whom/that) Rose wanted to marry is Jack .5)Cal is a young gentleman whose father is a millionaire.,6) Titanic is a film whose story is very moving.,17,1)Titanic is a film (which/that) people like a lot. 2) Titanic is also a ship which/that sank after hitting the iceberg.3) The lady who/that is very beautiful is Rose . 4) The man ( who/whom/that) Rose wanted to marry is Jack.5)Cal is a young gentleman whose father is a millionaire.,6) Titanic is a film whose story is very moving.,which/that指物,在从句中可作主语和宾语;,who/whom/that指人,who/that在从句中可作主语和宾语;whom只作宾语;,whose 指人或指物,在从句中作定语,18,本节课应掌握的引导词有关系代词who,whom,that,which,whose.其用法是:,whose 指人或指物,在从句中作定语,which/that指物,在从句中可作主语和宾语;,whom 指人,在从句中作宾语;,注意,关系代词which,that,who,whom在从句中作宾语时可省略。,who/that指人,在从句中可作主语和宾语;,(即that既可指人又可指物),19,Drilling the structures,Just do it !,Let me try !,20,Task 1 Combine the two sentences into one, using the attributive clauses.,21,Example:,Cal has a lot of friends. The friends are very rich.,=Cal has a lot of friends ___________ are very rich.,who/ that,22,1.The man was in the USA. He wanted to see the man.,= The man ______________ he wanted to see was in the USA.,2.Have you seen the film? I saw it yesterday.,= Have you seem the film ___________ I saw yesterday?,,(who/ whom/ that),(that/ which),3.Do you know the girl? Her mother is talking to Cal?.,Do you know the girl ________ mother is talking to Cal?,whose,4.Rose lives in a room. Its window faces south.,= Rose lives in a room ________ window faces south.,whose,23,1.The man was in the USA. He wanted to see the man.,= The man ______________ he wanted to see was in the USA.,2.Have you seen the film? I saw it yesterday.,= Have you seem the film ___________ I saw yesterday?,,who/ whom/ that,(that/ which),3.Do you know the girl? Her mother is talking to Cal.,Do you know the girl ________ mother is talking to Cal?,whose,4.Rose lives in a room. Its window faces south.,= Rose lives in a room ________ window faces south.,whose,24,Make up sentences according to the pictures and phrases given, using the attributive clauses.,Task 2,25,the lady/met Jack on Titanic,Who/that met Jack on Titanic,Rose,Model:,The lady is Rose .,26,The girl is Rose.,Rose,,who/that wanted to jump into the sea,the girl /wanted to jump into the sea,27,The lovers are Rose and Jack .,Rose and Jack,,( who/whom/that) people admire a lot,the lovers/people admire a lot,28,,the Heart of Ocean,the diamond/was worn by Rose,The diamond was the Heart of Ocean.,,which/that was worn by Rose,29,the diamond / the design(设计) wasvery smart,The diamond was the Heart of Ocean.,the Heart of Ocean,,whose design was very smart,30,Task 3 Fill in the blanks with who, whom, that, which or whose.,31,The film Titanic was once world-famous mainly because of a love story is moving . The lovers____ are called Jack and Rose struggled for their love ____ they have just had on the ship. Cal, the young man___ father was an oil magnate(石油大亨) planned to marry Rose as soon as they arrived in the USA. While Rose disliked Cal and chose to be with Jack, the man ______she just met on the ship. While Rose and Jack were enjoying their time, the ship ______was considered to be never-setting hit the iceberg and began sinking. Lacking of lifeboats, Rose got the room on a lifeboat but Jack was dropped into the ocean water was very cold. Rose, loved Jack so much, jumped into the ocean to stay with Jack. Jack tried his best to put Rose to a safe place while Jack sank into the ocean at last.,32,The film Titanic was once world-famous mainly because of a love story__________ is moving and attractive. The lovers______ are called Jack and Rose struggled for their love_______ they have just had on the ship. Cal, the young man ____ father was an oil magnate(石油大亨) planned to marry Rose as soon as they arrived in America. While(然而) Rose disliked Cal and chose to be with Jack, the man___________ she just met on the ship.,who/that,whose,whom/who/that,that /which,that /which,33,While Rose and Jack were enjoying their time, the ship was considered to be never-setting hit the iceberg and began sinking. Lacking of lifeboats, Rose got the room on a lifeboat but Jack was dropped into the ocean_____ water was very cold. Rose, loved Jack so much , jumped into the ocean to stay with Jack. Jack tried his best to put Rose to a safe place while Jack sank into the ocean at last.,that /which,whose,who,34,Using structures,35,Activity 1 A Game Who is my best friend in our class?,36,Rules:1.One student from each group will have the chance to come to the front to describe his/her best friend, using the attributive clauses. 2.Anyone from the other four groups who gets the right answer will get a point for their group.3.The student who makes correct sentence can get a point for their group as well. The group that get the most points will win.,37,The girl … is my best friend in our class. Who is she?,who is wearing a blue blouse,Example:,38,,He who does not advance loses ground.(=Anyone who does not advance loses ground.)逆水行舟,不进则退。,39,Activity 2 WritingMy Best friend,,40,1.Please write a short passage of five sentences to describe your best friend, using the attributive clauses. 2.You may use the information from the game. Some proverbs that contain the attributive clauses can also be use in your writing. 3.Then swap your writing with your partner, check his/her punctuation ,spelling and grammar.,41,Proverbs,God helps those who help themselves.自助者天助。 2. He who has a lazy hand has an empty mouth.手懒饿肚皮。 3. He that loses his honesty has nothing失去诚实就失去了一切 4. They who cannot do as they would must do as they can.事不由己,也需努力。 5.He who doesn’t reach the Great Wall isn’t a true man.不到长城非好汉.,,42,,Sample writing:I have a very good friend in our class. Do you know who she is? She is the girl who likes English very much and is good at it. Her dream is to be an interpreter, which will enable her to travel around the world. She often says , “He who doesn’t reach the Great Wall isn’t a true man”.,43,What have we learnt in this class?,We have learnt the attributive clauses.,Bear them in your mind!,定语从句的基本概念 、含义、句法作用及在句子中的位置、先行词、关系代词等,关系词的作用。,44,Discussion,If you are going with Wang Kun and Wang Wei, you can only take three things. what will you take and why?,Homework 1.Revise the grammar we learnt in this class。 2.Finish the exercises on P29 and P64. 3.Correct your writing and do it in your exercise books and hand them in today.,45,Thank you!,46,Goodbye!,
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