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初中英语阅读理解之推理判断题.ppt

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初中英语阅读理解之推理判断题.ppt
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在冬天的夜晚,天气冷得让人不想出门。见习警员走在大街上,突然听到远处一女子大叫:“有人打劫啊!”。见习警员刚一回身,就见一个黑影朝着远处逃离,他立刻追了上去。但是这贼跑得飞快,追了八条街之后没影了。最后,见习警员在附近的一个商店店铺前看到有四个人:A:正在闲暇百无聊赖地抽烟 B:正在聚精会神地看报纸 C:正在手机通话中 D:正在狼吞虎咽的吃拉面 根据调查,犯人就在这四人当中。,,,,初中阅读理解 推理判断题解题技巧,授课老师:黄文婷,,,,,什么是推理判断题?,1,,,,,推理判断题的分类?,2,,,,,推理判断题解题技巧,3,内容大纲,推理判断题的定义,透过文章表面信息推测文章隐含意思;,对作者的态度意图及文章细节的发展做出正确的推理判断;,从作者的角度去考虑,不可脱离原文仅凭个人的主观看法而主观臆断。,推 理 判 断 题 分 类,推断作者观点或态度,推断文章出处,推断隐含意义,推断隐含意义,Part1,什么是隐含意义,T: Do you think this class is interesting? S: I want to go home.,Q:What does the student really mean?,**根据文章事实进行逻辑推理,透过字面意义 理解作者的言外之意。,设问方式:,,,,,,,It can be inferred from the text that ____. When the writer talks about ., what the writer really means is ____. The writer suggests that ____. The story implies that ____. We can infer/conclude from the passage that ____.,如何推断隐含意义?,寻找相关信息点,研读其字面意义,结合语境进行推断,理解作者的言外之意,技巧点拨,1. 判断有据,推断有理,忠于原文,2. 全面分析:不可断章取义,3. 善于揣摩作者思路,排除干扰项,1. 原文信息的简单重复,4. 符合常识,但文章中没有信息支持,3. 与文中内容不符或完全相反的结论,2. 推理过度的片面结论,“Who has more questions, a teacher or a student?“ About this question a great learned man told his student that nobody does but a teacher.The student got puzzled. With a smile, the teacher drew two circles(圆). Within(在……里面)the larger one is my knowledge of things, and within the smaller one is yours. Out of the circles is still unknown to both of us. Since mine is larger, as you can see, the line that marks out the circle is longer. That makes it clear that who has more chances(机会)to face something still unknown.,At the end of the story, the great learned man concluded (推断)that ________. A. a student should learn from his teacher B. a teacher does not have so many questions as his student C. a student knows more than his teacher D. a teacher has more chances to face what he doesn't know,There have never been many adventurers. You can read stories about men called adventurers. But they were really businessmen. There was something they wanted----- a lady, or money, or a country, or honor. And so they got it. But a true adventurer is d
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