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动词ing形式的用法及练习题(归纳整理,含答案).ppt

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动词ing形式的用法及练习题(归纳整理 含答案).ppt
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动词ing形式的用法,,1. –ing 分词的构成,,,否定式: not+ --ing/not having(been) done 不是 having not (been) done,2. 一般式和完成式的用法,--ing 分词的一般式表示和谓语动词所表示 的动作同时进行的一个动作;完成式表示 先于谓语动词动作之前的一个动作。如:Walking along the street, he caught sight of an old friend of his.Not having studied his lessons very hard, he failed the examinations.,3. ---ing分词的被动式,,当-ing 分词与它的逻辑主语构成被动关系时,需要用被动形式。根据-ing分词动作发生的时间,-ing分词的被动式分为一般被动式(being done)和完成被动式(having been done), 如:The question being discussed is very important.Having been praised by the teacher, he works even harder.,,,,4. ---ing分词的句法功能,---ing 分词作主语Learning English has become a part of his life.It is no use trying to repair the ship. Theseholes are much too big.,2) ---ing分词作宾语以下动词必须跟---ing分词作宾语:admit/ appreciate/avoid/consider/delay/deny/dislike/enjoy/excuse/finish/image/keep/mind/ miss/postpone/put off/practise/risk/stand/ stop/ suggest / give up/cannot help,避免 错过 少延期 avoid miss put off/ postpone 建议 完成 多练习 suggest finish practise 喜欢 想像 禁不住 enjoy imagine can’t help 承认 否定 与嫉妒 admit deny envy 逃避 冒险 莫原谅 escape risk excuse 忍受 保持 不介意 stand keep mind,Make them easier for you to remember !,英语中某些及物动词后习惯跟动名词作宾语,这类动词是:advise, delay, appreciate, consider, be worth, feel like etc.,to do sth. doing sth. forget remember regret mean go on stop try,忘记去做某事,忘记已经做过某事,记住去做某事,记住曾做过某事,遗憾去做某事,后悔做过某事,打算/想做某事,意味着做某事,(做完某事)接着去做另一件事,继续做同一件事,努力去做某事,试着做某事,停下来去做另一件事,停止做一件事,,,3)--ing 分词作表语。如:Our job is playing all kinds of music. The music they are playing sounds so exciting.注:一般来讲,--ing分词作表语有两种情况, 一是名词性,这时主语和表语可以互换。即: Playing all kinds of music is our job. 二是形容词性,表示主语的性质和特征, 主表不可互换。,4) -ing分词作定语可以表示(1) 所修饰名词的用途。如:a waiting room(=a room for waiting) 候车室a walking stick(=a stick for walking) 手杖a sleeping car (= a car for sleeping) 卧车(2)所修饰词的性质特征。如:exciting news 令人激动的消息a moving story 一个令人感动的故事,注:分词短语作定语须放在所修饰词之后,例如:the man standing at the gate=the man who is standing at the gate,另外,-ing分词的完成式不能作定语。例如 不可以说:The man having written many books is a former student
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