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美国经济专题10.ppt

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美国经济专题10.ppt
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CHAPTER 10: Foreign Trade and Global Economic Policies1. An Introduction to Foreign Trade 2. Mounting Trade Deficits in the United States 3. From Protectionism to Liberalized Trade 4. American Trade Principles and Practice 5. Trade Under the Clinton Administration 6. Multilateralism, Regionalism, and Bilateralism 7. Current U.S. Trade Agenda,1. An Introduction to Foreign Trade,U.S. foreign trade and global economic policies have changed direction dramatically during the more than two centuries that the United States has been a country. In the early days of the nation's history, government and business mostly concentrated on developing the domestic economy irrespective of what went on abroad.,dramatically 引人注目地 irrespective 不考虑、不顾,But since the Great Depression of the 1930s and World War II, the country generally has sought to reduce trade barriers and coordinate the world economic system.,1. An Introduction to Foreign Trade,coordinate 调整,US trade balance by end-use categories,end-use categories 最终用途分类 capital goods 资本货物,This commitment to free trade has both economic and political roots; the United States increasingly has come to see open trade as a means not only of advancing its own economic interests but also as a key to building peaceful relations among nations.,1. An Introduction to Foreign Trade,commitment 承诺,Mounting trade deficits reduced political support in the U.S. Congress for trade liberalization in the 1980s and 1990s. Lawmakers considered a wide range of protectionist proposals during these years, many of them from American industries that faced increasingly effective competition from other countries.,2. Mounting Trade Deficits in the United States,mounting 增加、上升 a wide range of 广泛的 protectionist proposals 保护性措施,2. Mounting Trade Deficits in the United States,Despite these setbacks to free trade, the United States continued to advance trade liberalization in international negotiations in the 1990s, ratifying a North American Free Trade Agreement
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