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牛津英语模块四Unit3复习.ppt

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牛津英语模块四Unit3复习.ppt
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阅读下面短文,在空格处填写一个恰当的单词使全文通顺连贯,语法正确。 Dear Sir,Recently, a survey regarding the school computer room was carried out. The students find the design of the computer room impractical, and are not interested in studying there 1.________ this reason. We believe that the computer room needs improving.,There are not enough computers in our computer room. The computers are old and slow, and they often crash, 2.________ wastes a lot of time. The computers are not connected to the Internet, so we cannot get the information we need for our homework. There is only one printer in the room, which often breaks 3.________.,As more and more subjects involve information technology, the computer room plays a very important role 4.________ our studies. We must use computers to do our homework and get information from the Internet. In order to prepare 5.________ for the future, we need a well-equipped computer room. We are sure most parents would agree with our proposal 6.________ the computer room should be improved.,Computer skills are becoming more and 7.________ important to our further studies. We will not keep up with the development of society 8.________ we are not good at using computers. We therefore really need to have a new computer room and hope that you will seriously consider our request.Best wishes! Senior High 1,阅读下面短文,在空格处填写一个恰当的单词使全文通顺连贯,语法正确。 Dear Sir,Recently, a survey regarding the school computer room was carried out. The students find the design of the computer room impractical, and are not interested in studying there 1.________ this reason. We believe that the computer room needs improving.,for,There are not enough computers in our computer room. The computers are old and slow, and they often crash, 2.________ wastes a lot of time. The computers are not connected to the Internet, so we cannot get the information we need for our homework. There is only one printer in the room, which often breaks 3.________.,which,down,As more and more subjects involve information technology, the computer room plays a very important role 4.________ our studies. We must use computers to do our homework and get information from the Internet. In order to prepare 5.________ for the future, we need a well-equipped computer room. We are sure most parents would agree with our proposal 6.________ the computer room should be improved.,ourselves,that,Computer skills are becoming more and 7.________ important to our further studies. We will not keep up with the development of society 8.________ we are not good at using computers. We therefore really need to have a new computer room and hope that you will seriously consider our request.Best wishes! Senior High 1,more,if,1.amaze (amazes / amazed / amazed / amazing) vt.使吃惊, 使惊异 vi.惊讶 n.吃惊, 好奇 同义词: surprise / astonish 温馨提示: (1)amaze做及物动词时,常用物做主语,即sth +amaze +sb。,(2)amazing做形容词,意为“令人惊奇的,令人吃惊的”,可做定语和表语,一般主语指物。an amazing discovery / performance一个令人惊奇的发现/表演 amazed做形容词,意为“惊奇的,吃惊的”,主语为人,短语be amazed at.指“对……大为惊奇”。 I am amazed at what he said.我对他说的话大为惊奇。 必记搭配: amaze sb 使某人惊讶 be amazed that 非常吃惊…… amazing people 了不起的人,2.accuse (accuses / accused / accused / accusing) vt.谴责, 控告, 指责 同义词: charge 温馨提示: accuse的宾语一定要是被控的人的词,宾语后接of和指所控的罪或过失的词。 They accused him of murder.他们控告他谋杀。 They accused Tony of cheating.他们指责托尼作弊。 accuse后不可接that从句,如不可说sb was accused that.,必记搭配: accuse sb of (doing) sth就某事控告某人 be accused of (doing) sth 被指控…… the accused 被告,3.escape (escapes / escaped / escaped / escaping) vt.逃避,逃脱,避免;没有被……注意到;被……忘掉 vi.逃跑,逃脱;避免;漏出,流出 n.逃避,逃脱 同义词: flee 温馨提示: escape做及物动词,后面常可跟名词、v-ing分词做宾语。 必记搭配: escape doing sth 逃避……;避免…… escape from从……逃脱 escape from responsibility逃避责任 a narrow / lucky escape九死一生,5.function (functions / functioned / functioned / functioning) vi.运行, 起作用 n.职务, 功能;重大聚会;函数 同义词: operate / perform 温馨提示: function作名词时,指正式的社交集会,常与at连用;还可以指人的“职责”或物的“功能”。 He first met her at a social function. 他在一次社交集会上第一次见到她。 The function of a policeman is to preserve law and order. 警察的职责是维护法律和治安。,做动词时为不及物动词,不用于被动语态。 The machine won't function properly if you don't oil it well. 如果你不给机器好好加油的话,它就不会正常运转。 必记搭配: function as当作……,充当…… at a social function 在社交场合 odd function [数]奇函数 even function [数]偶函数,6.risk (risks / risked / risked / risking) vt.冒……的危险, 承受……的风险 n.危险, 风险 温馨提示: risk做动词时后面常跟v-ing分词做宾语。 If I were you, I would not risk doing that work.如果我是你,就绝不冒险做那份工作。 必记搭配: risk doing sth冒险干某事,risk one’s life doing sth 冒着生命危险做某事 without / with the risk of doing sth没有/有……的危险 take a risk of doing sth 冒着……的危险 at risk 处境危险 at the risk of one's life冒生命危险,5.impress (impresses / impressed / impressed / impressing) vt.印,盖印;留下印象 同/ 近义词: affect / move / print 温馨提示: impress常用作及物动词,只跟简单宾语。 impression n.印象 impressive adj.令人印象深刻的 impressment n.强行征用,必记搭配: impress sb with sth 给某人深刻印象 be impressed by / with 被深深打动(感动) impress sth on (upon) sb 使某人铭记……,使某人印象深刻 impress sth in(on) one's memory / mind 某事深深印在脑海里 sth is impressed in(on) one's memory / mind 某事深深印在脑海里 make / leave / create an impression on sb 给……留下印象 give sb an impression 给……留下印象,3、add to 使增强,使扩大,add…to… 往……加……add up to总计为,总和是add fuel to the fire火上浇油,◆The bad weather only added to our difficulties.◆Please add some salt to the soup.◆The numbers added up to exactly 100.◆He added that the importance to rid the world of hunger should be emphasized.,恶劣的天气只是增加了我们的困难。,请往汤里加点盐。,这些数字总和正好100。,他补充说明,消除世界饥饿的重要性要再加强调。,added adj. 额外的;附加的;增添的addition n. 除此之外; 另外in addition (to) 除此之外,①The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with the talks, ________ that he had enjoyed his stay here.A. having added B. to addC. adding D. added,①C add作伴随状语,在这里表示“补充说”。,②The engine of the ship was out of order and the bad weather ________ the helplessness of the crew.A. added to B. resulted fromC. turned out D. made up,②A 句意:“轮船的发动机出了故障和恶劣的天气增加了船员的无助。” 考查词组辨析。added to 增加; resulted from 由引起; turned out 生产;结果证明; made up 构成,组成。,根据语境用add的适当短语填空 The said it was not easy to manage a company, ③______ that the financial crisis ④__________ the difficulties. The week before, he ⑤__________all the expenses and the total ⑥______________ more than 100,000 yuan.,adding,added to,added up,added up to,1、 give out 散发,用光,分发,筋疲力尽,◆The flowers in the garden give out a pleasant smell. ◆After climbing up to the top of the mountain, I gave out.◆In order to go to school, the 7­year­old boy made money by giving out leaflets in the street.,花园里的花散发出怡人的芳香。,在我爬上山顶之后,我就筋疲力尽了。,这个7岁的小男孩为了上学在街上发传单赚钱。,give sth. back 将某事物归还原主; 恢复,回复 give away 赠送;分发(奖品等);让与;泄露,暴露 give up 放弃;投案;投降 give over 交托;移交;交出 give (sth.) off 发出,放出(烟,气味,光线等) give in 屈服,让步,投降;呈交,①What shall we use for power when all the oil in the world has ______?A. given out B. put outC. held up D. used up,①A,用适当的词填空 ②This fire doesn't seem to be giving __________ much heat. ③The authorities showed no signs of giving __________ to the kidnapper's demands.,④Her patience finally gave __________. ⑤The doctors had given her __________ but she made a remarkable recovery. ⑥The news of the President's death was given __________ in a radio broadcast. ⑦The expression on her face gave her __________.,off,in,out,up,away,away,2、put forward 调快(钟表,时间),提出(观点、议案等以供人考虑或讨论),推荐,◆The clock slows down. Please put forward the hands of it.钟慢了,请把指针调快些。 ◆She has decided to put her name / put herself forward as a candidate.她打算推荐自己作为候选人。 ◆The ideas you put forward deserve serious consideration.你提出的那些想法值得认真考虑一下。,put / set / lay aside 搁置一旁; 把(钱,时间等)留存起来,储蓄; 抑制(愤怒等);忽视(忠告等)put away 收拾起来,放好; 储蓄=put asideput on 穿上; 增加(速度,体重等); 上演put out 伸出; 扑灭; 生产put together 组合,拼凑put up 举起; 建造,挂起; 提高(价钱)put up with 容忍,It's reported that Changsha has ______ the general plan for city­building.A. put out B. put forwardC. put up D. put away,B,【运用提升】 Ⅰ.从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 ( )1.Please come and see me when ________. A.you are convenient B.time is convenient C.it is convenient for you D.it is convenient with you,1.C。It is convenient for sb “对某人来说很方便”。,( )2.I don’t think anyone in our office can ________me of not being honesty. A.charge B.rid C.rob D.accuse,2.D。accuse sb of (doing) sth就某事控告某人;charge sb with sth指控某人……;rob sb of sth抢劫某人……;rid sb of sth 使某人摆脱……。句意“我认为办公室没有人控诉我不诚实。”,( )3.The man attempts to escape ________ every time he breaks the traffic rules. A.to punish B.to be punish C.punishing D.being punished,3.D。escape doing sth “逃避……;避免……”,v-ing分词逻辑主语是句子的主语,故用被动。句意“那个人每次违反交通规则后都企图逃避惩罚。”,( )4.I think we will ________ the RealCine experience this weekend. A.be amazing by B.be amazed with C.be amazing at D.be amazed by,4.D。be amazed at / by sth“对……感到惊奇, 被……吓一跳”。,( )5.It’s known that the brain performs a very important ________, which controls the central nervous system of the body. A.action B.function C.fact D.movement,5.B。句意“众所周知,大脑有个非常重要的功能,那就是控制全身的神经系统。”,( )6.He didn't want to risk ________ wet as he had only one suit. A.getting B.to get C.got D.get,6.A。risk doing sth冒险干某事。句意“他只有一件衣服,不想冒被淋湿的风险。”,【运用提升】 Ⅰ.从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 ( )1.After supper she would sit by the fire sometimes for________an hour, thinking of her young and happy days. A.as long as B.as soon as C.as much as D.as many as,1.A。as long as “长达”。句意“晚饭后,她常常在炉火旁坐上一个小时,回忆年轻时的幸福时光。”,( )2.Some enterprises in the coastal area have ________ because of the financial crisis. A.closed down B.put down C.shut down on D.slowed down,2.A。closed down“(企业、商店等)关门、倒闭”。句意“因为金融危机,沿海地区有些企业已经停产。”,( )3.To enjoy the scenery, Sara would spend long hours on the train ________ travel by air. A.as to B.other than C.instead of D.rather than,3.D。rather than “而不是”,other than “除了”,as to “关于”。句意“为了欣赏风景,Sara常常愿意花较长的时间坐火车,而不乘飞机。”,( )4.On Christmas Eve, we put up some balloons to ________ the festival atmosphere. A.make for B.add up C.add to D.join in,4.C。add to “增加,增强”;add up “加起来,合计”;make for “有助于, 有利于”;join in “参加(某种活动)”。句意 “圣诞前夕,我们施放气球以增加节日氛围。”,( )5.We had wanted to finish our task by noon, but it didn’ t quite ________ as planned. A.find out B.give out C.hand out D.work out,5.D。考查动词短语辨析。find out “查明,发现,了解”;give out “分发;筋疲力尽;用完”;hand out “分发”;work out “算出;结果是”。句意“我们本想中午前完成任务,但结果并没像计划的那样。”,1.I didn't get the number of the car that knocked you over. It was gone ________________. 2.Both the headsets and the gloves ________________ the RealCine computer system. 3.Upon arriving at the destination, the young workers ________________their work with great enthusiasm. 4.An argument has been _______________ that some viewers will be disappointed by RealCine because VR is not real.,in a flash,are connected to,set about,put forward,Ⅱ.根据句意,从所提供的词组中选择恰当的词组填入相关的句中。注意词形的变化。,5.To ________________ the virtual world of RealCine,smells are given out through small opening in the headsets. 6.We'll have a good look at The Oriental Pearl TV Tower that you see towering ________________ there. 7.Let us ________________ our plan ________________. Without action the plan is just an empty promise. 8.Nowadays many IT workers ________________ piracy of various soft wares.,add to,in the distance,into action,put,were accused of,9.It was agreed this could be more easily done ________________ a dam. 10.The rubbish at the corner ________________ the worst smell. We should get rid of it as soon as possible.,with the aid of,gave off,关键句型及惯用法 1.However, in many ways virtual reality seems more like a toy rather than a useful technology. (P45, L5-6) 译:然而,在很多方面,虚拟现实似乎更像玩具而不是一门有用的技术。 rather than“而不是”,接名词、代词或动 词原形,相当于instead of或in place of。 I,rather than he,should be responsible for this failure. 该对这次失败负责的是我,而不是他。 I,rather than he,_____ to blame.,am,Many companies, it seems, would also prefer computers to get cheaper rather than more powerful. 许多公司似乎也宁愿要更便宜的电脑而不是更强大的功能。 Rather than allow the vegetables to go bad,he sold them at half price. 他将蔬菜半价卖掉,而不是让菜坏掉。,思考:rather有哪些习惯用语和搭配? ______________________________________________________________________,【答案】rather 构成的习惯用语及搭配形式: would rather do.than do.宁愿做……而不愿做…… prefer to do.rather than do.宁愿做……而不愿做…… or rather 更确切地说 would rather (not)do.宁愿(不)做……,【趁热打铁】 中译英: ①我宁可死也不会向敌人屈服。 ________________________________________________________________________ ②他们宁可重复以前的经历也不愿意进行新的冒险。 ________________________________________________________________________,They prefer to repeat their former experiences rather than take new risks.,I would rather die than surrender to the enemy.,③我宁愿喝红酒而不愿喝啤酒。 ________________________________________________________________________ ④她当了秘书,确切地讲,是私人助理。 ________________________________________________________________________,She worked as a secretary,or rather,a personal assistant.,I should prefer red wine rather than beer.,2.It is of chief importance to our future — and to the future of our nation-for us to learn how to use information technology, so we really need to update the computers and other equipment. (P53, L17-19) 译:我们学会如何使用信息技术,对我们的未来——以及对我们国家的未来来说非常重要,因此我们确实需要更新电脑和其它设备。 be of chief importance表示主语的性质,相当于be greatly important。,What the students do in their spare time is of great importance. 学生们在课余时间的活动是至关重要的。 “be of (great / little / some / any / no / much /.)+抽象名词”结构,表示主语的性质,相当于“be+形容词”。该结构中常用的名词有use,value,importance,help,benefit等。 Sports and games can be of great value. =Sports and games can be very valuable. 体育运动是很有价值的。 It is of no use.=It is not useful.=It is useless.这没有用。,思考:“be of +名词”除了上面所讲的抽象名词外,还有哪些?和上面的用法有何不同? ____________________________________________________________________________,【答案】 (1)be of+集合名词或其它类型的名词,相当于belong to或have。of表示归属关系或“有”的意思。 The army and the people are of one family. =The army and the people belong to one family.,军民是一家。 (2)be of后接表示年龄、颜色、形状、高度等的名词,表示主语的属性,名词前可有a / an, different等词修饰。常用于该结构的名词有:kind, age, colour, size, height, shape, type, way, price等。 Several of the stamps were of the unusual kind. 其中几张邮票是不同种类的。 The two coins are of different sizes and weights. 这两枚硬币不一样大,重量也不一样。 (3)be of + 物质名词,表示主语是由某种材料制成或由某种成分构成,相当于 be made of,be built of,be made up of 等。 The necklace is of glass.这条项链是由玻璃制成的。,【趁热打铁】 句型转换: ①China and India are of developing countries. =China and India ________ ________ developing countries. ②Our class is of over 50 students, most of whom are girls. =Our class ________ ________ ________ ________ 50 students, most of whom are girls.,belong to,is made up of,中译英: ③这两个男孩年龄一样大。 ___________________________________________,The two boys are of an / the same age.,3.Immediately, he got his things packed and went to Iceland, forcing his nephew Axel to go with him. (P58, L3-4) 译:他立即收拾行李启程去冰岛,还强迫他的侄子阿克塞尔和他同行。 (1)“ get + sth(宾语)+ 过去分词(宾语补足语)” 意为“让 / 叫 / 使 / 请别人做某事”。宾语sth 后面用过去分词作宾语补足语,说明sth与过去分词表示的动作之间是被动关系。相当于have sth done。,思考:“get + 宾语+v-ed分词”和“get +v-ed分词”用法相同吗?如果不同,区别在哪? ___________________________________________,【答案】 “get + sth(宾语)+ 过去分词”结构中,v-ed分词做宾补,和宾语之间有被动关系。 The patient is going to get his temperature taken. 病人准备让人量体温。 “get +v-ed分词”是一种被动语态,往往表示一种突然的、未曾料到的偶发事件或事故。,常用于该结构的有:get killed被杀;get changed更换衣服;get dressed 穿衣;get separated分别/分手;get paid支付报酬;get lost失踪;get stuck in陷入;get hurt受伤等。 He got_killed when he was crossing the road. 过马路时他被车撞死了。 Cleaners in big cities get paid by the hour. 大城市的清洁工是以小时计付报酬的。 另外, “get + 过去分词”与“be + 过去分词”在构成被动结构时的区别: 前者侧重表示动作,而后者既可表动作又可表状态,有时有歧义。 The chair got broken yesterday. 昨天这把椅子被弄坏了。(表动作) The chair was broken yesterday. 昨天这把椅子是坏的。(表状态),
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