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高中英语人教版选修八教案Unit 5单元教案(word版).doc

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高中英语人教版选修八教案Unit 5单元教案(word版).doc
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Unit 5 Meeting your ancestorsWarming Up, Pre-reading and ReadingTeaching goals 教学目标1. Target language 目标语言: 重点词汇和短语archaeology, tentative, accuracy, excavate, interrupt, ornament, assume, regardless, sharpen, cut up, scrape, ample, primitive, preserve, bead, botany, botanical, analysis, specific, seashell, specifically重点句子I’m sorry to interrupt you, but how could they live here?We have been excavating layers of ash almost six meters thick, which suggest that they might have kept the fire burning all winter.Yes, indeed, as the botanical analyses have been specifically showing us, all the fields around there used to be part of a large shallow lake.2. Ability goals 能力目标Enable the Ss to tell the differences between modern people and Peking man and learn how Peking man lived their lives.3. Learning ability goals 学 能 目 标Help the Ss learn to tell the differences between modern people and Peking man and learn how Peking man lived their lives.Teaching important & difficult points 教学重难点Talk about Peking man in Zhoukoudian Caves.Teaching methods 教学方法 Listening, reading and discussion Teaching aids 教 具 准 备A computer and a projector, a recorderTeaching procedures & ways 教学过程与方法Step I Revision and Lead-inCheck the homework.The Ss will how their information about Zhoukoudian Caves in the following steps.Step II Lead in1. Ask the Ss to identify the picture in the pre-reading part. (skullcap)2. Ask Ss to assume what Peking man might have done and use thousands of years ago.3. Then by showing the table following to show whether their assumptions are right or wrong.Modern people Peking man AccuracyPlaces of living Modern architecture, which is Caves Very accuratehuge, like boxes with flatroofs, sharp corners and glasswallsFurniture Beautiful furniture with lots Natural furniture Accurateof ornaments mostly made of made of stone orwood or other special woodmaterialsEntertainment Watching TV, surfing the Enjoy the nature or InaccurateInternet and traveling family get-togetherFood A good variety of cooked Natural food, such as Accuratefood, which tastes delicious nuts and fruitsClothing Clothes made form special Clothes made from Accuratematerial, such as cotton and animal skinswoodStep III Reading1. Play the tape once, and ask the Ss what they have learned about Zhoukoudian Caves2. Skimming (What is the text about? And three stages of the archaeologist’s part of the dialogue: An archeologist is showing a group of students from England around the Zhoukoudian Caves and telling them something about the caves.)3. Scanning (Ask them to write down the three ways in which the life of early people differs from modern ones. Ask them to work in pairs and discuss the questions.Homes: Peking man lived in Zhoukoudian Caves of rocks and trees.Tools: They used needle that was made of bone sharpened stone tools and scraper made by stones.Dress: They wore clothes form animal skins and they also wore necklace made from seashells or animal teeth.4. Careful readingLet the Ss read the passage again and answer the following questions. Show the questions on the Screen.1. How did the keep warm?2. What animals were their most dangerous enemies?3. How did they make clothes?4. What can we learn from the necklace they wore?Step IV Post-readingAsk Ss to fill in the chart on the life and habits of Peking man on page 37 and compare it with the list they made in the pre-reading. What differences are there?And then to clarify Ss’ difficult points in the text.Step V Homework1. Go over the text.2. Write a brief introduction to the Zhoukoudian Cave.Unit 5 Meeting your ancestors Vocabulary and Useful ExpressionsAims:Teaching aims 教学目标1.Ability aims 能力目标Enable the students to use the Present Perfect Continuous tense.2. Learning ability aims 学能目标Help the students learn how to use the Present Perfect Continuous tense.Content 教 学 内 容1. identify vt. 确 认 , 识 别 , 鉴 别(1)~ sb. /sth. as sb./ sth.确 认 , 证 明 某 人 /某 物 系 某 人 /某 物e.g. She identified the man as her attacker.(2)~ sth. with sth.认 为 某 事 物 与 另 一 事 物 等 同e.g. One can’t ~ happiness with wealth.扩 展 : identification n. identification card 身 份 证2. alternative adj. 供 选 择 的 , 其 他 的e.g. The way was blocked ,so we had to go by ~ road.这条路阻塞,我们只能走其他路。3. interrupt vt. 1) 打 断 , 中 断 , 阻 碍The war ~ed the trade between the 2 countries. e.g.战争打断了两国间的贸易。②Sorry to interrupt you, but I have something to say. 打 断 某 人 的 话~ sb. /sth. with sth.用……打扰/打断……e.g.他 用 一 个 问 题 打 断 了 他 的 老 师 。He interrupted his teacher with a question.(2) interrupt sb. 打扰某人e.g. ① Don’t interrupt me. I am very busy. 打扰某人4. assume vt. 假 定 , 设 想 ; 担 任 , 承 担(1)assume 后多跟 1) 名 词 , 2)宾 语 + to be + n. / adj.,3) that 从句e.g. 1. The scientist ~ that there no animals on the moon.科学家设想月球上没有动物.2. I ~d the responsibility. 我 来 承 担 责 任 。3. He assumed a great man. 他 假 装 是 伟 人 .(2) assuming 放在句首,表一种猜测。e.g. Assuming it rains tomorrow, what shall we do? 扩展: assumptionn. make an assumption 5. regardless of 不管;不顾;不注意e.g. He went ~ the risk. 他 不 顾 危 险 地 去 了 。He is ~ his appearance. 他 不 注 意 自 己 的 外 表 。6. preserve vt.(1) 保 存 ; 保 护 ; 收 藏e.g. You can ~ meat or fish in salt.你可以用盐来保存肉或鱼。(2) 保持;维持e.g. It is one of the duties of the police to ~ public order 7.sharpen. vt /vi 使变锐利 锋利 、 磨 快 刀sharpen a pencil with a knife. Sharpen a knife.Sharpene stone tools.n. sharpener 磨快的用具adj. Sharp 锐 利 的 、 陡 峭 的 、 激 烈 的 、 凛 冽 的8. Preserve vt 保 存 、 保 护 、保管The city should take steps to preserve the old temple. Preserve… from保 护 使 免 于Oil preserves metal from rust. Vt.保 存 、 储 藏 , 维 持 、 保 护 Preserve fruit in sugar cans.Preserve one’s strength.9. I’m sorry to interrupt you, but how could they live here?I’m sorry, but …… Excuse me , but….10.We have been excavating layers of ash almost six meters thick, which suggest that they might have kept the fire burning all winter.six meters thick six years oldUnit 5 Meeting your ancestors Listening, Speaking and WritingTeaching goals 教学目标1. Target language 目 标 语 言 : 重点词汇和短语archeology, accurate, radioactivity, chronological, excavation, identity, alternative, household, date back toI think that we should… because… I suggest we…If…, then maybe we ought to… Perhaps we should / could… We must ask for help from… What if…?It seems likely / unlikely that… It looks like…It could be because…How large do you think it is? Is there any on the…?It may /might have been used as / for…2. Ability goals 能力目标Enable the students to talk about the archaeological evidence and knowledge and learn to describe people and practice giving opinions.3. Learning ability goals 学 能 目 标Help the students learn how to give opinion and describe objectsTeaching important & difficult points 教学重难点 Learn how to give opinion and describe objects Teaching methods 教学方法Listening and cooperative learningTeaching aids 教 具 准 备A computer, a tape recorder and a projector.Teaching procedures & ways 教学过程与方法Step I Lead-inLead in by talking about the ancient civilization.1. Ask them the four Great Ancient Civilizations.2. Ask them to give some account of each great civilization, for example, speaking China, they can talk about China’s brilliant civilization, like four great inventions (papermaking, printing, gunpowder, compass)Step II Warming-upDeal with the Warming-up part.1. Ask Ss to identify each picture in this part.2. Ask them to have a discussion to complete the task listed in Activity 2 ( to complete the table), What is it made of? What’s its use? And today’s alternatives?3. Then make a summary of this and show the PPT of the table list on the screen. S3. The Greek Goddess agreed to help and his wish was granted.Step III SpeakingTalk about Sanxindui Ruins with Ss.1. Show the pictures on page 44. Tell the Ss they were found during an excavation in Sanxindui Ruins.2. Ask them if they know anything about SanXindui Ruins.3. Introduce some background information to them.4. Show a series of objects to them and ask them to complete the tasks shown on the screen.1. Guess what they are.2. Discuss what these objects wre possibly used for3. Describe these objects (including appearance, shape and a guess about the material, what can we learn from these objects, etc.)Step Ⅳ ListeningDo the Listening task on page 81.Step V writing on page 851 turn to page 85 and look at the pictures and the questions below them. Discuss the questions 2 several minutes later, check the discussions3 ask the students t write two paragraphs giving their own ideas as the information tells them to do 4 ask the students to read out their articlesStep VI HomeworkAsk the students to find some information about Zhoukoudian.Unit 5 Meeting your ancestors Grammar and Useful StructuresTeaching goals 教学目标1. Target language 目标语言:Grammar: Present Perfect Continuous Tense2. Ability goals 能力目标Enable the students to use the Present Perfect Continuous tense.3. Learning ability goals 学 能 目 标Help the students learn how to use the Present Perfect Continuous tense.Teaching important & difficult points 教学重难点How to use the Present Perfect Continuous tense.Teaching methods 教学方法 Explanation and practice Teaching aids 教 具 准 备A computer and a projector, a blackboard Teaching procedures & ways 教学过程与方法 Step I RevisionCheck the students’ homework and let one read their work.Step II Lead-inAsk the Ss to point out the sentences that contain the structure as “We have been excavating herefor many years” in the text.Step III Explanation一、结构形式现在完成进行时是由“助动词 have(has) + been+动 词 的 现 在 分 词 ”构 成 。 二、基本用法1. 表 示 从 过 去 某 时 开 始 一 直 延 续 到 说 话 时 还 在 进 行 , 或 可 能 还 要 继 续 下 去 的 动 作 。 它 通 常 和 “for+段 时 间 ”或 “since+点 时 间 (也 可 以 是 从 句 )”的 时 间 状 语 连 用 。 例 如 :I have been waiting for a letter from my parents. 我 一 直 在 等 我 父 母 的 来 信 。It has been raining for three hours.雨 已 经 下 了 三 个 小 时 了 。We have been studying here since 2004.自从 2004 年 以 来 , 我 们 一 直 在 这 里 学 习 。2. 表 示 从 过 去 某 时 开 始 , 一 直 延 续 到 说 话 时 刻 , 可 能 刚 刚 结 束 的 动 作 。 例 如 :She has been sweeping the street all day. She is too tired.她一整天都在扫大街。她太累了。We have been waiting for you for two hours. We don't want to wait any longer.我们 已 经 等 你 两 个 小 时 了 。 不 想 再 等 了 。 三、常用句型1. 肯 定 句 : “主 语 +have(has) been+动 词 的 现 在 分 词 +其 他 .”例 如 :I have been sitting here all the afternoon. 我 在 这 儿 坐 了 一 下 午 。He has been collecting all kinds of stamps since he was ten years old.自十 岁 起 他 就 开 始 收 集 各 式 各 样 的 邮 票 。2. 否 定 句 : “主 语 +have(has) not been+动 词 的 现 在 分 词 +其 他 .”例 如 :They haven't been meeting each other for five years.他 们 有 五 年 没 见 面 了 。He hasn't been teaching here these years. 这 些 年 他 并 没 有 一 直 在 这 儿 教 书 。3. 一 般 疑 问 句 : “Have(Has) + 主 语 + been + 动 词 的 现 在 分 词 ? ”其 肯 定 回 答 : “Yes, 主 语 + have(has).”否 定 回 答 : “No, 主 语 + haven't (hasn't).”【 例 如 】 :— Have you been studying for the English test today?你今天一直在准备英语测试吗?— Yes, I have. / No, I haven't.是的。 / 不 , 我 没 有 。— Has Daniel been skating for two years? 丹 尼 尔 滑 冰 已 经 有 两 年 了 吗 ?— Yes, he has. / No, he hasn't.是的。/ 不 , 他 没 有 。4. 特 殊 疑 问 句 : “ 特 殊 疑 问 词 + 一 般 疑 问 句 ? ”【 例 如 】 :What book have you been reading recently? 最 近 你 在 看 什 么 书 ? How has your uncle been getting on with his work? 你 叔 叔 的 工 作 进 展 得 怎 么 样 ?四、注意事项有些不能用现在进行时的动词, 如 be, have, like, love, know, see, hear 等, 同 样也不能用现在 完成进行时,而应用现在完成时。例如:The poor woman has been ill for a long time. 那可怜的妇人已经病了好久了。Have you seen her parents these days? 这 些 天 你 看 见 她 的 父 母 了 吗 ? 时态对比1. 现 在 完 成 进 行 时 与 现 在 进 行 时 比 较 :现在完成进行时强调某一动作从过去一直延续到现在; 而现在进行时只指目前正在发生的动 作。试比较:Susan has been reading that storybook since last night.从昨 晚 开 始 苏 珊 就 一 直 在 看 那 本 故 事 书 。 Susan is reading a storybook now. 苏珊正在看一本故事书。2. 现 在 完 成 进 行 时 和 现 在 完 成 时 比 较 :⑴ 有 些 动 词 (如 : work, study, live, teach 等 )用 现 在 完 成 进 行 时 与 现 在 完 成 时 表 达 的 意 思 差 不 多 。 试 比 较 :The teacher has been teaching at this school for ten years.十 年 来 , 那 位 老 师 一 直 在 这 所 学 校 教 书 。The teacher has taught at this school for ten years.那位 老 师 在 这 所 学 校 已 经 教 了 十 年 书 了 。⑵ 英语中的 多数动词在这两种时态中表示不同的含义。 现在完成时如果不带表示一段时间的 状语,就只能表示动作的完成,而现在完成进行时则表示动作的延续。试比较:They have built a new lab. 他 们 建 造 了 一 幢 新 的 实 验 室 。 (表 示 动 作 的 完 成 ) They have been building a new lab (these years).他们( 这几年)一直在建造一幢新的实验室。 (无论用时间状语还是不用时间状语 , 都表示动作 的延续)Step IV Practice (Using Structures in Workbook) Step V HomeworkAsk the students finish Exercise in Word Study Part.
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