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名词性从句完整版.ppt

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名词性从句完整版.ppt
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名词性从句复习,考纲解读,从出题者的角度,就是要考察名词性从句中的语序以及引导词之间的区别。有时候,会结合插入语或名词与同位语隔开,或使句子结构复杂化等使得难度增加。其实,总的难度和变化都不大。但是从考生的角度来说,如果考生对句子结构掌握不过硬,对某些词或词组的用法不了解,就会容易造成和定语从句、状语从句的混淆,造成根本环节的误判而用其他从句的规则去解题。造成丢分。,㈠名词性从句的种类名词性从句即由连接词引导、起名词作用的 从句,包括主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和 同位语从句。 ⒈主语从句(在主句中作主语)Who will win the game is not known. ⒉宾语从句(在主句中作宾语)Nobody knows who will win the game. ⒊表语从句(在主句中作表语)My question is who will win the game. ⒋同位语从句(在主句中作同位语)I have no idea who will win the game.,㈡名词性从句的连接词连接词即引导名词性从句的关联词,包括 连词、连接代词、连接副词。连词:仅起连接作用,不作句子成分。连接代词:可作主语、宾语、表语或定语。连接副词:只作状语。,⒈连词:引导从句但不作任何成分。 ⑴that—没有意义,引导主/宾/表/同位语从句。 ①It is said that there will be a party tonight. ②They say (that) there will be a party tonight. ③Why he failed was that he made a vital mistake. ④The key that he succeeded lied in his hard work. ⑵if—是否,引导宾语从句,主语从句。whether—是否,引导主/宾/表/同位语从句。 ①I doubt if/whether you can pass the test. ②Whether we’ll go camping depends on the weather. ③My doubt is whether you can pass the test. ④I have no idea whether you can pass the test.,⑶as if/though—好像,似乎,引导表语从句。because—因为,引导表语从句。 ①The old lady looks as if she were a young girl. ②His failure was because he didn’t work hard enough. ⒉连接代词:引导从句并作从句的句子成分。 ⑴who—谁(主格),用于人,作主/宾/表语。whom—谁(宾格),用于人,仅作宾语。 ①Who will do the job hasn’t been decided.(主语) ②Would you tell me who/whom you’ll vote for?(宾语) ③Can you tell me who the pretty girl is?(表语),⑵whose—谁的,用于人,作表/定语。 ①Please tell me whose the bike is.(表语) ②I don’t know whose bike it is.(定语) ⑶which—哪个/些,用于人或物,作主/宾/表/定语。what—什么, 用来指事物,作主/宾/表/定语。 ①Please tell me what sport you like best.(定语) ②I wonder which of you can solve the problem.(主语) ③I’d like to know what your father is.(表语) ⑷whoever 作主/宾/表语whomever 仅作宾语whichever 作主/宾/表/定语whatever 作主/宾/表/定语,,Whatever he said was right. I’ll take whoever wants to go. Whichever of you comes first will receive a prize. You can give the ticket to whomever you like.,⒊连接副词:引导从句并作从句的状语when—表示时间where—表示地点why—表示原因how—表示方式 ①When we’ll have a meeting is not decided. ②I don’t know where I c
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