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一般将来时态讲解.ppt

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一般将来时态讲解.ppt
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,,一般将来时the future tense 含义:表示将来发生的动作或状态。基本结构:1.主+will / shall +动词原形 2.主+be going to+动词原形 系动词am,is,are的原形都是be。 例如:,People will have robots in their home. 人们的家中将会有机器人。 There will be one country in the world. 世界上将会只有一个国家。,shall适用于第一人称I,We;而will适用于所有人称。 通常可以用will来代替shall。 will,shall均可缩写为:'ll,如:,I will= I'll; she will = she’ll;will not 和shall not分别可以 缩写为 won't 和shan't。,1.一般将来时的用法,①表示将来某一时间将要发生的动作或存在的状态, I shall be free this afternoon. There'll be no chemistry classes tomorrow. They will probably go to Shanghai for their holiday. 注意:在口语中,常用will / shall + be doing结构来代替will / shall + 动词原形,以表示生动。I‘ll be seeing a friend off at the airport. He'll be going with us tomorrow.,②表示将来某一段时间内经常发生的动作或存在的状态。,My uncle will come to see me every Saturday. 我叔叔每个星期六都会来看我。The students will have five English classes per week this term. 本学期学生们每周要上五节英语课。,③表示同意或答应做某事,That bag looks heavy. I'll help you with it. I won't tell anyone what happened, I promise. ④表示一种倾向或推测Flowers will die without water. Water will change into ice at 0℃. This will be your sister, I guess.,描述一个即将要发生的动作;谈论未来的计划和打算。next Tuesday,tomorrow, next week, tonight, the coming Sunday, in a few minutes, next year, in the future, this afternoon, in five years,2.常见表示将来的时间状语:,最基本的结构:will + 动词原形 “主谓(宾)句型”的一般将来时: 肯定句:主语+ will +动词原形+(宾语)+其他Some day people will go to the moon. 否定句:在will 的后面加not即可。will not 可缩写为 won’tThey won’t use books. 一般疑问句:把will 提到句子主语之前,结尾变问号。Will students go to school in the future? 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+will +主语+动词原形+其他?What will your dream school have?,will 引导的一般将来时的各种句式,,,但有时不一定指未来的事情,用于I think (don’t think) …will…的句型:e.g. I think Diana will pass the exam. I don’t think it will rain this afternoon. I am hungry. I think I’ll have something to eat.,表示看法,观点,,“There be”句型的一般将来时 肯定句: There will be +名词+其他成份 [注意]:无论后面加单数名词或复数形式,be都必须用原形。There will be only one country. 否定句:在will后面加not.There won’t be only one country. 一般疑问句:把will提到there之前。Will there be only one country?Yes, there will. / No, there won’t.,1.There (be ) an American film next week. 2.They (finish) the work this afternoon. 3.Tom (play) football with us tomorrow. 4.Robots (do) lots of work in our homes in the future. 5.There (be) strong winds tonight. 6.He (be) back in three hours. 7.We (send) for a doctor if you (be) not better in the evening.,用所给词的适当形式填空:,will be,will finish,will play,will do,will be,will be,will send,are,3.其他一般将来时态结构1.现在进行时表将来(be + doing) 表示某个按最近的计划或安排即将要进行的动作,an arrangement for the near future或即将开始或结束的动作。常用动词位置移动词:go, leave, come, arrive, land, meet, move, return, start, stay, stop, do, dine, give, have, pay, join, publish, spend, sleep, take, change, fly, work, wear, see, play etc. He is meeting the manager tomorrow.他明天要见经理。 I'm changing my hotel.我打算换旅馆。 Imagine I'm seeing the Mona Lisa.你想想啊---我终于要见到《蒙娜丽莎》这幅画了。 The sun is setting.太阳就要落山了。(即将开始) !注意:现在进行时表将来有时含有“决心”做某事的意思。 I am not leaving tomorrow. I'm not staying with you. When I grow up, I'm flying to the moon.我长大了要飞到月球上去。,2. be going to + 动词原形。表示(1)打算或准备要做的事情(2)在客观情况下(非主观打算)要发生的事情。,We are going to have a meeting. What are you going to spend your holiday? Look at the black clouds. It is going to rain soon. (期中考试题目)Watch out! The milk is going to boil.,3. be to + 动词原形。表示 (1)常规性的活动(2) 约定、命令、禁止或按计划要做的事情。,Who is to clean the classroom today? 今天该谁打扫教室了? The bridge is to be completed by the end of this year. 这渡桥该在今年年底前完工。 You are not to play with fire. 你不准玩火。,,,4. be about to + 动词原形。 表示 (1)“即将做”或“马上做” (2)因此,句子不能再用时间状语。,Don’t leave. Li Lei is about to come. 不要走了,李蕾就要来了。 Be quiet. The concert is about to start. 安静下来,音乐演唱会就要开始了。,,,5.主将从现句中,一般现在时表将来if ,when, as soon as,unless, the time,till/untill,You will not succeed unless you work harder. (期中考试题目),,,一般现在时表将来 表示按时间表timetable将要发生的动作或事件,或者事先安排好的动作。 此类动词有:be, arrive, begin, come, start, depart, end, leave, go, sail, stop, return, dine, finish, open, close,stay etc.Is there a film tonight? 今晚有电影吗? I write my paper tomorrow. Tomorrow is Christmas Day. When does the ship sail? She retires next month. How long does he stay? The plane takes off at eight and arrives in Beijing at eleven.,,,,4.一般将来时的常用结构,①用于“I expect, I‘m sure, I think, I wonder + 宾语从句”中 Don't worry about the exam. I'm sure you'll pass. 不要担心这次考试,我确信你会通过的。I wonder what will happen. 我不知道将会发生什么事。 I don't think the test will be very difficult. 。,②用于“祈使句 + and + 陈述句”中,1)这种结构可以替换成“条件句 陈述句”。Work hard,and you’ll be successful in time./If you work hard,you will be successful in time. 注意:祈使句后and可替换成then. 2)祈使句 or 否定陈述句=否定条件句 否定陈述句。 如:Get ready or you won’t pass the test./ If you don’t get ready,you won’t pass the test.,宾格代词,人称代词是代词的一类,用于人的称谓。 如:我、我们、你们、他、她们…… 人称代词又分为主格和宾格。主格用作主语, 宾格用作宾语。,第一人称,第二人称,第三人称,,,我,我们,,你,你们,他,她,它,他们,主格,I,we,you,you,he,she,it,they,宾格,me,us,you,you,him,her,it,them,C. Complete each sentence with an object pronoun.,Do you want a job at Village Paints?Please talk to __________ on Monday.Marie and me 2. Give ______ an umbrella. It’s raining. Mr. Loyola 3. This coffee is cold. Please bring _______some hot coffee.my daughter 4. Please give this message to ____________.your managerHe’s in the office. 5. Ms. Smith’s not in? Can I leave _______ a message?Ms. Smith 6. Please leave a message for _______.Mr. Black and meWe’ll call you back later.,us,him,her,him,her,us,返回首页,,,我明天要去看望我的奶奶。几星期后我们要进行野餐。 .我妹妹下星期要去游泳。星期天他们要去听音乐。,I am going to______________ tomorrow.,We are going to ___________in a few weeks.,My sister is going to _______next week.,They are going to _______________on Sunday.,visit my grandma,have a picnic,swim,listen to the music,,,明天不用上课。There ____ ____ ____ class tomorrow. 也许在100年后人们将活到200岁。_____ people ____ ____ ____ ___ 200 years old ____ 100 years. 3. 许多女孩子喜欢养宠物。Many girls like ______ a pet. There will be a sports meeting tomorrow.(一般疑问句)___ ___ ___ a sports meeting tomorrow? 5.我想将会有更多高楼,更少汽车,更少污染。I think there will be ____ tall buildings, ___ cars, ___ pollution. 6.你认为Sally5年后会成为什么?What ___ ___ ___Sally ___ ___ in 5 years?,will be no,Maybe will live to bein,keeping,Will there be,,more fewer less,do you think will be,,,7.明天的天气会是怎样?What ____ ___ ______ ___ ____ tomorrow? 8.有一天我将会和好朋友乘火箭到月球度假。One day I will ___ ____ ___ ___ ____ ___ vacation ___my friends. 9.我帮妈妈做家务。I ___ my mother ____ housework. 10. 科学家尝试让机器人做同样的事情。Scientists ____ ___ ____ robots do the ____ things ___human(人).,will the weather be like,fly rocket to the moon for with,help with,try to make same as,,,11.Students will go to school in the future.(一般疑问句) __ __ __ to school in the future. 12.There will be some robots in our homes.(改为否定句) There __ __ __ robots in our homes. 13.Everyone will have a small car.(对划线部分提问) __ __ everyone __ ?,Will students go,won`t be any,,What will have,,,1. He will visit the USA next week.(改为否定句)He ______ ______ the USA next week. 2. They are going to have a picnic this Sunday.(改为一般疑问句)______ they ______ to have a picnic this Sunday? 3. There is going to be a basketball match tomorrow. (改为否定句)There ______ ______ to be a basketball match tomorrow. 4. She will fly to London tomorrow morning. (改为一般疑问句)______ ______ ______ to London tomorrow morning? 5.We shall meet at 8:00.(改为特殊疑问句)______ ______ we meet? 6. They will play football the day after tomorrow. (改为特殊疑问句)______ ______ they ______ the day after tomorrow? 7. Her father will buy her a new dress. (改为特殊疑问句)______ ______ ______ her a new dress? 8. It rained heavily last night. (改为否定句)It ______ ______ heavily last night.,,,汉译英: 1.明天,我们学校将有场足球赛,我准备去看. 2.我打算和李明一起复习功课. 3.将来每个人都有一台计算机. 4.美美正在做饭.今天晚上她要把饭带到晚会上去. 5.我理想的学校将有宽大的教室和图书室. 6.学生将在电脑上与老师对话. 7.将来有学校吗?不,没有 8.我们将使用因特网在家里学习.,,,1.Tomorrow,there will be a football match in our school. I'm going to watch it. 2.I`m going to revise lessons with Li Ming. 3.Everyone will have a computer in the future. 4.Meimei is cooking,she will take the food to the party this evening. 5.My dream school will have big classrooms and libraries. 6.Students will talk to their teachers on the computers. 7.Will there be schools in the future? No, there won`t. 8.We will use the Internet to study at home.,用所给动词的正确形式填空 1.I (do) my homework tonight. 2.We (water) the flowers this afternoon. 3.He (buy) a CD next Saturday. 4.You (read) books on the weekend. 5.They (go) the cinema this evening. 6.My parents (fly) to Beijing tomorrow.,am going to do,are going to water,is going to buy,are going to read,are going to,are going to fly,,,will句式总结:,
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