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新概念英语第一册第67课.ppt

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新概念英语第一册第67课.ppt
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Lesson 67,The weekend,New Words,greengrocer 蔬菜水果零售商absent 缺席的keep 处于、保持spend 度过weekend 周末country 乡村、国家lucky 幸运的,New Words,,Monday (Mon.) 星期一 Tuesday(Tue.) 星期二 Wednesday (Wed.)星期三 Thursday (Thu.) 星期四 Friday (Fri.) 星期五 Saturday (Sat.) 星期六 Sunday (Sun.) 星期日,New Words,church 教堂 baker 面包师傅 dairy 乳品店 grocer 食品杂货商,一般过去时,意义:表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或存在的状态 结构:主语+动词过去式 标志性时间状语: yesterday(短语):yesterday, yesterday morning/afternoon/evening,the day before yesterday , 前天 last(短语): last night昨天晚上/year去年/week上周/spring去年春天, in +过去年份 in 1990, 在1990年 时间段+ago(一段时间以前): two days ago,three years ago, a week ago. just now(刚才), this morning(今天早上),,yesterday,tomorrow,last, next,this,that等限定词来修饰morning/afternoon/evening/spring/winter等词时,前面不加任何介词 yesterday,tomorrow,today,tonight单独使用时,前面不能加任何介词,规则变化的动词过去式,1 直接加ed:work—worked look—looked 2 以不发音e结尾的单词,直接加d:live —lived use—used, 3 以辅音字母+y结尾的,变y为i加ed:study— studied carry—carried 4以元音字母+y结尾的,直接加ed:enjoy —enjoyed play—played 5 以重读闭音节(倒着数辅元辅结构)结尾的, 双写最后的辅音+ed:stop— stopped plan—planned,8,动词后面直接加-ed的读法, 如:cook—cookedwash--washed① 清辅音后面加ed,读[t] asked ② 浊辅音或元音后面加ed,读[d] cleaned ③ d/t +ed [id] dusted 清清 浊浊, t d 后面读 [id],一般现在时 一般过去时,is , am → wasare → were,一般过去时结构,有be动词(过去的状态)肯:主语+was/were +其他.否:主语+wasn’t/weren’t +其他.疑:Was/Were +主语+ 其他?答:Yes,主语+was/were.No, 主语+wasn’t / weren’t.,一般过去时结构,没有be动词(过去的状态)肯:主语+动词过去式 +其他.否:主语+didn't+动词原形 +其他.疑:Did+主语+ 动词原形 +其他?答:Yes,主语+did.No, 主语+didn’t.,,他今天早上做饭了。(肯、否、疑、答、特) He cooked this morning. He didn’t cook this morning. He did not cook this morning. Did he cook this morning? Yes, he did. No, he didn't. What did he do this morning?,12,他今天早上看上去身体很好。 He looked very well this morning. Did he look very well this morning? 他今天早上洗盘子了。 He washed the plates this morning. Did he wash the plates this morning?,一般过去时的疑问句: Did +主语+谓语动词+其它,13,你昨天在肉店吗? I was at the butcher’s yesterday. I was not at the butcher’s yesterday. Were you at the butcher’s yesterday? Yes,I was. No, I wasn'
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