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英语句子的重音.ppt

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英语句子的重音.ppt
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语 句 重 音,一般句子重音,句子重音一般落在句子的实词(实义动词、名词、形容词和副词)以及充当主语的人称代词上,而虚词(连词、代词、介词等)需要弱读。如果句意没有需要特别强调的地方,句子最重的重音落在句子的最后一个实词上,称作一般句子重音。所以如果句子最后一个是实义动词、名词、形容词或副词时,一般这也是句子的主重音所在。句子中最重的重音被称为主重音,其他的重读的实词称为次重音。,3,句子重音 升降调 Sentence Stress and intonation,句子重音的一般规则 实词重读,虚词不重读,4,1、名词 一般都重读 There is a 'book on the 'desk. My 'sister 'put up a 'picture on the 'wall. 'John 'wants to 'see the 'teacher after 'class. An 'elephant is an 'animal.,5,2、形容词一般都应重读 The 'sky is 'blue. The 'streets are 'wide, 'clean and 'beautiful. It’s a 'dull and disap'pointing film. 'That’s ex'citing news.,6,3、数词一般都应重读,His 'first daughter is fif'teen. Her 'second son is 'twenty 'five. He 'bought 'ten 'cups and 'I bought only 'four.,7,4、动词 主要动词,或称实意动词、行为动词 (notional verb)都要重读 (be、have 除外) He ‘takes a ’walk after ‘supper ’every ‘day. ’Don’t for‘get your ’homework. I sup‘pose you ’know him. 非限定动词一般也都要重读 不定式 We de‘cided to ’start the ‘next ’day. 分词 We 'sat at the 'desk 'writing a 'letter. 动名词 It’s 'no 'use 'asking him about 'that.,8,5、副词,大部分副词需要重读。,They can speak English 'fluently. They 'came 'back 'early 'yesterday. 'Where did you 'buy it? 'Why do you 'come? You 'meet 'people 'everywhere. I’ve 'never 'heard of 'such a thing be'fore,9,6、代词 常重读的代词有 1.指示代词, this,that,these,those。 'This is 'not what I 'mean. 'That 'isn’t the one I 'asked for. 'Do you 'like (')these 'flowers? 但如指示代词前后都有重音时,该指示代词可失去重音 'How do you 'like those 'little ones? 'Who 'wrote this 'interesting 'story?,10,2. 反身代词 He him'self cooked the dinner. We our'selves bought the ticket. I 'saw it my'self. The 'man him'self 'told me so. 3.不定代词 We are 'many, they are 'few. 'Some are boys, 'some are girls. 4.疑问代词 'Who are you 'talking to? 'What can I 'do for you?,11,7.感叹词 感叹词是表示某种感情的自然一般都重读 'Ah! 'Oh! 'Ugh![‘uh] 'Eh? 'Fancy! 'Goodness! 'Nonsense! Hel'lo! In'deed! 'How 'awful! 但如果后面紧跟一个有强重音的词,单音节的 感叹词可以不重读,但音调很高 Ah ''no! Oh ''well! Oh ''dear!,12,节奏 O O O O go slow
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