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英语语音练习.ppt

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英语语音练习.ppt
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English Pronunciation practice 英语语音练习,国际音标,一、 元 音 练 习,,单元音,1 he [hi:] 2 fee [fi:] 3 bee [bi:] 4 feel [fi:l] 5 tree [tri:] 6 knee [ni:] 7 teacher ['ti:tʃə],例句:Can you see the green leaves of each tree in the field.,常见字母及字母组合: e, ea, ee e: me he ee: sweet sheep see green ea: meat sea teach clean,,1 fill [fil] 2 bill [bil] 3 sit [sit] 4 pig [piɡ] 5 big [biɡ] 6 fish [fiʃ] 7 picture ['piktʃə],单元音,例句:What is it? It is a ticket.,常见字母及字母组合:i, e, y, ey, ay i: pig fish sit ship e: begin behind y: happy busy ey: monkey money ay: Sunday Friday,,1 for [fɔ:] 2 more [mɔ:] 3 door [dɔ:] 4 floor [flɔ:] 5 forty ['fɔ:ti] 6 short [ʃɔ:t] 7 sport [spɔ:t],单元音,例句:I am paul. I am four. I am tall. Give me a call.,常见的字母及字母组合:a, aw, al, or, oor a: water aw: draw strawberry al: ball wall or: horse fork short oor: floor door,,1 hot [ hɔt ] 2 lot [ lɔt ] 3 not [ nɔt ] 4 lost [ lɔst ] 5 want [ wɔnt ] 6 wash [ wɔʃ ] 7 fox [fɒks],单元音,例句:Tom is got a lot of dots on his pocket. He will use a lot of hot water to wash off the dots.,常见的字母及字母组合:o, a o: fox coffee dog shop doctor a: watch,,单元音,1 her [hɜ:] 2 bird [bɜ:d] 3 Earth [ɜ:θ] 4 turn [tɜ:n] 5 shirt [ʃə:t] 6 skirt [skə:t] 7 thirty ['θə:ti] 8 first [fɜːst],例句: The nurse saw a turtle on her purple curtain.,常见的字母及字母组合:er, ir, ur, ear, or er: her serve term ir: bird girl first ur: nurse purple ear: early learn or: word world,,1 farmer ['fɑːmə] 2 doctor ['dɔktə] 3 actor ['æktə] 4 teacher ['ti:tʃə] 5 speaker ['spi:kə] 6 player ['pleiə] 7 dinner ['dinə],单元音,例句:Ted has an egg and some bread.,常见的字母及字母组合:ure, er, ar, or, a, e ure: picture er: teacher dinner ar: sugar or: doctor a: panda about above,,1 two [ tu: ] 2 shoe [ʃu:] 3 food [fu:d] 4 blue [blu:] 5 room [ru:m] 6 tooth [tu:θ] 7 true [tru:] 8 fool [fuː l ],单元音,例句:How do you do! Bring your stool! Go to school!,常见的字母及字母组合:o, oo, ui o: do who whose oo: food moon too ui: fruit juice u: ruler rude,,1 look [ luk ] 2 good [ ɡud ] 3 foot [ fut ] 4 book [ buk ] 5 put [ put ] 6 pull [ pul ] 7 push [ puʃ ] 8 full [ fʊl ],单元音,例句:Green wood, Mike Cook. Please have a look! I have a good book.,常见的字母及字母组合:o, oo, u o: woman wolf oo: look good book u: full bullet,,1 car [kɑ:] 2 fast [fɑ:st] 3 class [klɑ:s] 4 last [lɑ:st] 5 glass [ɡlɑ:s] 6 plant [plɑ:nt] 7 farm [fɑːm] 8 farmer ['fɑːmə],单元音,例句: It is too far to see the shark. It is too dark to see the shark. Oh! The shark’s teeth are sharp.,常见的字母及字母组合:a, ar, au, ear a: grass class father ar: car garden arm au: laugh aunt ear: heart,,1 run [rʌn] 2 fun [fʌn] 3 funny ['fʌni] 4 jump [dʒʌmp] 5 cover ['kʌvə] 6 yummy ['jʌmi] 7 touch [tʌtʃ],单元音,例句:Hurry up! Hurry up! A duck cuts a bug in the mud!,常见的字母及字母组合: o, u, oo, ou o: run love money u: sun bus supper ou: touch country,,1 fat [fæt] 2 bag [ bæɡ] 3 hand [ hænd ] 4 and [ ænd ] 5 hat [ hæt ] 6 bad [bæd] 7 back [bæk] 8 happy ['hæpi],单元音,例句:Cat! Cat! Catch that fat cat.,常见的字母及字母组合:a a: apple bag bad has map,,1 fell [fel] 2 bed [bed] 3 sell [sel] 4 desk [desk] 5 head [hed] 6 lesson ['lesən] 7 better ['betə],单元音,,常见的字母及字母组合: e, ea e: egg pen desk pet ea: bread head breakfast,,1 say [ sei ] 2 may [ mei ] 3 way [ wei ] 4 cake [ keik ] 5 late [leit] 6 gate [ɡeit] 7 fail [ feɪl ],双元音,,1 eye 2 my 3 fly 4 try 5 high 6 night 7 bike 8 light,双元音,,1 boy 2 toy 3 joy 4 voice 5 choice,双元音,,1 go 2 boat 3 cold 4 know 5 home 6 low 7 show 8 coat,双元音,,1 out 2 town 3 house 4 count 5 sound 6 loud 7 mouse,双元音,,1 ear 2 beer 3 deer 4 idea 5 near 6 here,双元音,,1 pear 2 where 3 there 4 bear 5 chair 6 air 7 fair 8 care,双元音,,1 sure 2 poor 3 tour,双元音,二、辅音练习,,辅音,pig [pɪg] paper, part,poor, piece, park, pair, pain, party, pencil, pass,big [bɪg] boy, better, best, be, become, bus, break, belong, below,,辅音,tea [tɪː] table, take, taxi, taste, tell, ten,do [duː] desk, diary, danger, date, day, decide,,,辅音,key [kɪː] kind, keep, key, kick, kill,,gap [gæp] go, give, get, grow, good, ground, guide, guess,,辅音,fast [fɑːst] fish, five, find, flower, floor, follow,vast [vɑːst] very, view, village, visit,,辅音,sea [sɪː] sit, seven, sell send, set, six secret,zoo [zuː] zoo, zero, zone,,辅音,thought [θɔːt] three, throw, tooth, teeth, south, north, month, mouth,though [ðəʊ] than, there, mother, father,,辅音,sheep [ʃɪːp] she, ship, show,usually, visual,,辅音,how, house, home, horse, hold, help, hear, heavy,led [led] ruler, leave, left, last, reply, law,,辅音,ring [rɪŋ] red [red] run, rest, read, real, ready, ride, right, road, rose,,辅音,map [mæp] measure moon, mirror mistake,, mind, million,nap [næp] nose, nice, need, next, note neither, name nature, nation,,辅音,anger, angry monkey, donkey, outgoing,year [ jɪə] yellow, yummy, year, your yesterday,work [wəːk],,辅音,chair [tʃeə] change, chair, chat, china, chicken, kitchen,jeep [dʒɪːp] orange, age,,辅音,nature, train, tree, street,dress, driver, drink, draw, dream, dry,语音的基本常识,1、音节的划分一个单词的音标中有几个元音就有几个音节。 2、重读音节任何双音节或多音节单词的音标中,有重读音节和非重读音节,哪一个音节重读,该音节的左上方或该音节的元音上方标有重读符号。 3、浊化音以sp_,st_,sk_开头的单词中,清辅音/p/ /t/ /k/分别要发浊辅音/b/ /d/ /g/。/tr/浊化成/dr/ : struggle 4、定冠词the的读音 e.g. the man e.g. the old man,5、不完全爆破爆破音[p] [b] [t] [d] [k] [g] 后面紧跟另一个爆破音时,前面的那个爆破音只在口腔内形成阻碍,而不能完全读出。e.g. basketball /bɑ:ski(t)bɔ:l/ 6、连读 7、意群的停顿对于一个较长的句子,可以根据意思和结构将其分成几群,一个意群须一口气说完。,读好音标学好英语,
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