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9A_U1_the night of the horse(知识点击习题).doc

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9A_U1_the night of the horse(知识点击习题).doc
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1教学重点:重点句型的运用教学难点:情态动词、代词教学过程:1、词汇(快速过)2、语法(详解)3、家庭作业9A Chapter 1 The night of the horse一、词汇词汇提高篇Stonehenge n. 史前巨石柱Egypt n. 埃及send in 上交,呈递tale n. 传说the Trojans 特洛伊人Troy 特洛伊城beyond prep. 在……远处stair n. 楼梯capture v. 捕获,占领darkness n. 黑暗drag v. 拖,拉Greek a. 希腊的 n. 希腊人include v.包括plain n. 平原Pyramid n. 金字塔roughly ad. 粗暴地securely ad. 安全的seize v. 抓住unable a.没有能力的arrow n. 箭,箭头bow n. 弓fictional a.虚构的legend n. 传说, 传奇politician n. 政客sportsman n. 男运动员sportswoman n. 女运动员junk a. 陈旧,无用或不值钱的东西mend v.修补 词形转换基础1.部分单词的复数形式army---armies; enemy---enemies; century---centuries2. 几组反义词disappear---appear;(消失--- 出现)enemy---friend;(敌人 ---朋友)dark---bright; (黑暗的--- 明亮的)empty---full; (空的---满的)stupid---clever/bright/wise/intelligent/smart(愚蠢的---聪明的)3. history n. 历史 historical a. 历史的4. wooden a. 木头的 wood n. 木头5. city n. 城市 citizen n. 市民6. frightened a. 受惊吓的 (修饰人) frightening a. 恐怖的(修饰物) frighten v. 使害怕7 .help n./v. 帮助 helpful a. 有帮助的8. succeed v. 使……成功 success n. 成功9. enter v. 进入 entrance n. 入口 10. difficult a. 困难的 difficulty n. 困难提高1. dark a. 黑暗的 darkness n. 黑暗2. Greek a. not . any longer; no more; not . any moreno longer 相当于 not any longer,指“时间上不再延续” ,常与状态动词或延续性动词连用。 eg. Annie does not live here any longer. 安妮不住在这儿了。 He is no longer a child. 他不再是一个小孩子了。 no more 相当于 not any more,指“数量上或程度上不再增加” ,常与瞬间动词连用。eg. I have no more money to give you. 我没有更多的钱给你。The baby watched and listened, and she didn't cry any more. 那个婴儿看着、听着,不再哭了。※ 5. He looked down at the empty plain and, beyond it, at the empty sea.他俯视着空旷的平原,再远处是空寂的大海。(1)look 作不及物动词,意为 “看” ,look down 向下看,其后接宾语加介词 at,at后接看的对象,反义词组为 look up at 向上看……eg. He looked down at the valley on the top of the hill. 他从山顶俯视峡谷。He looked up at the blue sky and saw a plane flying over the city.他向天空望去,看见一架飞机从城市上空飞过。look down upon 表示“瞧不起,歧视”的意思。eg. We shouldn't look down upon the poor. 我们不应该看不起穷人。(2)beyond 在此句中作介词用,介词 beyond 一般有四种用法:① 在位置上表“在……以外” 、 “在……的那边”之意。eg. Our steel works is a mile beyond the town. 我们的钢厂在离城一英里外。Their paper mill is beyond the river. 他们的造纸厂是在河的对岸。② 在时刻上表示“过了……” 、 “比……晚”之意。eg. Now it is beyond six o'clock. 现在过六点了。Today he checked the circuit beyond the usual time. 今天他比平时晚些才检查好线路。③ 在范围上表示“超过” 、 “出乎……之外”之意。4eg. beyond all comparison 无可比拟;beyond all hope 没有希望;beyond belief 难以置信;beyond comprehension 不能理解;beyond dispute 无可争论; beyond control 不受约束,不受控制;beyond doubt 无疑;beyond expression 难以喻言; beyond expectation 出乎意料,不料The book is quite beyond me.(表语)这本书非我所能理解。We found Beijing changed beyond recognition.(状语)我们发现北京变了,使人认不得了。By radar people can see the things beyond the visibility of them.(定语)利用雷达人们能看见视线以外的东西。④作“除……外”解。eg. Beyond this he knows nothing. 除此以外,他一无所知。I know nothing about the matter beyond what I have read in the magazines.(what 从句作beyond 的宾语。 )关于这件事,除了我在杂志上所看到的以外,我毫无所知。The desk is _______________ ________ wood. Paper is _______________ _____________ wood. Wood can be ________________ ____________ paper.This kind of car is _______________ ___________ Shanghai.※ 6. The Greeks have tried for ten years to capture our city. 希腊人用了十年去试图占领我们的城市。(1)The Greeks 希腊人定冠词通常用在表示姓氏的复数名词或表示民族名称的名词前,表示全家或整个民族。eg. The Turners are sitting at breakfast table. 特纳一家正在吃早饭。The English have a wonderful sense of humour. 英国人富有幽默感。(2)to capture our city 相当于 to make our city their prisoner,意为“占领我们的城市”。capture 作动词,意为“夺取,占领 ”,后边可加人/ 地点 /动物 /事物。eg. They captured Tom and threw him in prison. 他们抓住了汤姆,并把他送进监狱。It took them 24 hours to capture the city. 攻下这座城市花费了他们 24 个小时。Our task was to capture a number of these monkeys alive. 我们的任务是活捉许多猴子。Overseas firms captured almost 41% of the market. 海外公司掌握了将近 41%的市场。※ 7. You don't have to think. 你不必考虑。don't have to 相当于 needn't,意为“没有必要” 。eg. Since you are ill you don't have to attend the meeting.既然你病了,就不必参加这个会议。Mrs. Li doesn't have to wash the dishes this evening, because her daughter has washed them.今晚李夫人不必再洗盘子,因为她女儿已经洗好了。don't have to/needn't 可以作为 must 开头的疑问句的否定答语。eg. -Must we clean the classroom now? 我们必须现在打扫教室吗?-Yes, you must. 是的,必须现在打扫。-No, you needn't/ don't have to. 不必现在打扫。5例题:① Since you are ill, you _____ attend the meeting.A. haven’t to B. don’t need C. needn’t to D. don’t have to ② Mrs. Li _______wash the dishes this evening. Her daughter has washed them for her.A. doesn’t need B. doesn’t need to C. needn’t to D. has not to ※ 8. Outside the main gate of the city stood a huge horse made of wood.一匹巨大的木马矗立城外。(1)这是一个倒装句,相当于 A huge horse made of wood stood outside the main gate of the city.地点状语后面如有表示位置的动词 (如 lie, live, sit, stand) 或转移的动词 (如 come, go, rise),用作主语的名词可以放在动词之后。这种情形主要出现在描写文中。eg. At the top of the hill stood the tiny chapel. 那座小教堂矗立在山顶上。In the fields of poppies lay the dying soldiers. 罂粟地里躺着奄奄一息的士兵们。主语如是代词则不能倒装。eg. At the top of the hill it stood out against the sky. 它背衬青天矗立在山顶上。(2)a huge horse made of wood 表示“木制的巨大马匹” ,made of wood 是过去分词短语作定语,相当于定语从句,a huge horse made of wood.=a horse which was made of wood.eg. some desks made of wood 木制的课桌;a knife made of iron 铁制的小刀 辨析:be made of ,be made from,be made in,be made by,be made forbe made of 和 be made from 都表示“由……制成” ,主语为制成品,但前者表示制成成品后,仍可看出原材料是什么,保留原材料的质和形状,制作过程仅发生物理变化;后者表示制成的东西完全失去了原材料的外形或特征,或原材料在制作过程中发生化学变化,在成品中已无法辨认。eg. The kite is made of paper.风筝是用纸做的。Bread is made from corn. 面包是小麦做的。 Butter is made from milk.黄油是从牛奶中提炼出来的。be made in 表示某物在某地生产或制造,in 后接表示地点的名词;be made by 表示“由(谁)制造” ,by 后接动作的执行者; be made for 表示 “为……而制造” 。eg. This TV set is made in Shanghai.这台电视是上海制造的。The machine is made by the workers in the factory.这机器是由工厂里的工人们制造的。These desks were made for the students.这些书桌是为学生们做的。※ 9. It's so big that they couldn't take it with them. 木马太大了,他们拉不走。(1) “so+形容词或副词+that…”结构用于引导结果状语从句,表示“如此……以至于……” 。eg. The doctor was so excited that he couldn't fall asleep.那个医生如此兴奋以至于无法入睡。6The cinema is so far that we'll have to take a bus there.电影院太远了,我们不得不乘公共汽车去那儿。(2)so…that 与 such…that 的区别在 so…that 句型中,so 是副词,其后跟形容词或副词;而 such…that 结构中,such是形容词,后面接名词或名词短语。两句型意思一样,结构不同,但引导的都是结果状语从句。即eg. The dog runs so fast that I can't catch it.那只狗跑得那么快,我抓不住它。It was such a cold day that people had to stay at home. 天那么冷,人们不得不待在家。It was such cold weather that some people caught a cold. 天那么冷,有些人感冒了。It was so fine that we all went swimming.It was __________ ___________ fine day _____________ we all went swimming.※ 10. And so the Trojans dragged it into the city with ropes.然后特洛伊人用绳子把马拽进了城市。drag 作动词,意为“拖,拉” ,后边可以加 sth./sb.eg. She dragged a chair across the room to join them.她拖把椅子穿过房间和他们坐在一起。The Greeks seized the captain and dragged him away.希腊人抓住了上尉并拖走了他。辨析:drag, draw 与 pulldrag “拖,拉” ,指慢慢地拖着笨重的东西,意味着所拖的东西阻力很大。eg. The horse was dragging a heavy load. 马拖着很重的东西。He dragged the body out of the river. 他从河中把死尸拉出来。draw “拖,拉 ”,与 pull 相比,它通常指较平稳地,也往往是比较从容地拉。eg. Draw your chair up to the table. 把你的椅子拉到桌子旁边来。He drew the book towards him. 他把书拉/ 拖到他面前。pull 是个普通用语,意思是“用力拉” ,指物体朝发出力的方向移动,不强调移动的方式。eg. He pulled the door open. 他拉开了门。Pull the door open. Don't push it. 把门拉开,别推。※ 11. They sang and danced around the horse, and make jokes about their enemies, the stupid Greeks. 他们围着马唱歌,跳舞,开他们的敌人的玩笑——愚蠢的希腊人。make jokes about 固定词组,意为 “以……为笑柄,取笑 ”。eg. They made jokes about my old hat. 他们取笑我的旧帽子。类似的词组有:play a joke on sb. 开某人的玩笑eg. Let's play a joke on Tom and close the door so that he can't get in.让我们给汤姆开个玩笑,关上门不让他进来。have a joke 开玩笑eg. She was having a joke with Tom.她正和汤姆开玩笑。※ 12. They all went to sleep, including the gate guards.他们全都去睡觉了,包括门卫。7including 作介词,意为“包括” 。eg. There were six people in the car, including a baby. 车里有六个人,包括一个小孩儿。The new apartment consists of three rooms including the kitchen. 这套公寓有三个房间,包括厨房。辨析:include, includinginclude 及物动词,意思是“包括;算在内” ,后可接名词或动词-ing 形式作宾语。eg. Your duty includes putting the children to bed. 你的任务包括安排孩子们睡觉。Please include me in your group. 请把我算在你们组内。including 介词,意思是“包括” ,后接名词或代词。eg. There're twenty people in all, including us. 包括我们在内,一共有二十个人。Eight people including two kids, were injured in the explosion.八个人,包括两名儿童,在爆炸中受伤。There were six people in the car, including a baby.There were six people in the car, a baby ____________.※ 13. By midnight, the square was empty except for the giant horse.午夜,广场上空荡荡的,除了那匹巨大的马。except for 固定词组,意为 “除……之外” 。eg. The room is empty except for a broken chair. 除了一把椅子,房间是空的。Your composition was very good except for several mistakes.除了几个小毛病,你的文章不错。辨析:except, except for两者都有“除……之外”的意思,但 except 指的是从同类的人或事物中排除其中一部分。eg. He gets up early every day except Sunday. 除星期天外,他每天早起。except for 指除去的同所提到的不是同类事物,它所除去的部分是对前面总的情况作一些反面细节补充或说明,从而部分地修正句中所叙述的主要意思。eg. Your writing is good except for a few grammar mistakes. 除了几处语法错误外,你的作文写得很好。※ 14. In one night, they succeed in capturing it by a trick. 一夜之间,他们通过一个计谋成功地占领了它。(1)succeed 作动词,意为“成功” 。succeed in doing sth.相当于 be successful in doing sth. 意为“做……取得成功” 。eg. We succeeded in passing all the exams. 我们成功地通过了所有的考试。(2)by 在此作介词,意为“靠,通过” ,表示方式。eg. Edison made a living by selling newspaper when he was young.爱迪生小时候靠卖报纸谋生。by 还有如下用法:①by 指“用某种方法”或“用某种手段” 。eg. Please tell your father by telephone.请用电话告诉你父亲。We often go home by bus.我们常常乘公共汽车回家。These coats were made by hand.这些外套是手工做的。注意:by hand 表示抽象含义,意思为“用手工做” 。②by 表示“在……旁边” ,常常可以等于 by the side of.8eg.The children are playing by(by the side of)the river. 孩子们正在河边玩耍。There is an old big tree by the village. 村边有一棵古老的大树。③by 用于被动语态中,引出动作的完成者,意思为“被……;由……” 。eg.The delicious food was eaten up by a cat. 那些可口的食物被一只猫吃光了。The door was closed by Li Ming. 门是被黎明关上的。④表示时间,意为“在……以前,不迟于,到……时(为止) ”,等于 before.eg.Will you finish your homework by 8 p.m.? 8 点前你能做完作业吗?By this time tomorrow we shall arrive in Beijing. 明天的这个时候我们该到北京了。⑤by 表示“经过” ,可以指时间,也可以指空间,通常跟动词 go, come 等连用。eg. With time going by, the weather gets warmer.=As time goes by, the weather gets warmer.随着时间的推移,天气变得更加暖和了。My father went by our school without coming to see me.我父亲从我们学校经过,没有来看我。⑥ by 表示“按……” ,如时间,长度,重量等。eg. We sell cloth by the yard. 我们论码卖布。They rent a house by the year. 他们按年租屋。⑦ by 表示“依据,根据” 。eg. By my watch, it is 8 o'clock now.我的表是八点。⑧by 表示“乘” 。eg. This is a room 5m by 4m. 这是一个长 5 米宽 4 米的房间。 ⑨ by 表示“由于” 。eg. He took the umbrella by mistake.他错拿了这把伞。※ 15. The Greeks seized the captain.seize seizing seized seizedJohn seized her arm and dragged her into the kitchen.The police seized him by the collar.说出下列短语的意思:seize the airportseize control ofseize powerseize an opportunity※ 16.by 与 with 在解释“靠,用,通过”的不同用处。by:表示方法,手段。如:For ten years. They could not capture the city by fighting.十年了,他们不能通过战争占领着座城市。Everyone should learn English by use. 每个人都应该通过应用来学会英语。with:表示对工具的使用。Trojans dragged it into the city with ropes. 特洛伊人用绳子把它拉进了城。What will you buy with the money?用这些钱你能买什么?练习(基础篇)1. That ______ house burned quickly.(wood)2. All the ______ in Shanghai must help to fight pollution.(city)3. At the age of thirty he won great ______ in business.(succeed)4. Don’t be afraid of ______. They should be afraid.(enemy)95. He is a ______ man. He often gives me much ______.(help)6. There are many places of ______interests in Shanghai.(history)7. Please wait for me at the ______. (enter)8. I am not afraid of any _____, because I am brave enough.(difficult)9. The ______ film made me very ______.(frighten)10. The soldier came down the stairs two at a time. _____ _____ the soldier _____ down the stairs?11. The captain of the soldiers was not listening any longer.== The captain of the soldier was _____ _____ listening.12. The enemies captured the city by fighting.______ _______ the enemies capture the city?13. The astronauts succeeded in returning from the moon to the earth.==The astronauts _____ _____ _____ returning from the moon to the earth.== The astronauts _____ _____ _____ from the moon to the earth.14. He was very excited. He couldn’t say a word.==He was _____ excited that he _____ say a word.==He was ______ excited _____ _____ a word.15. The question is very easy. We can answer it easily.== The question is _____ _____ _____ ______ ______ answer easily. == The question is ____ easy ____ we can answer it easily.16. take , bring, carry(1) I forgot to _____ my physics book to class. I’m afraid I’ll have to go back to the dormitory and get it.(2) Could you help me to _____ this bag? it’s too heavy.(3) I’m going to take Flight 123 to the United States. Do you know how much luggage I can _____ with me?17. other, others, the other, the others, another(1) Xu Hu is always ready to help _____.(2) He has a cake in one hand and a knife in _____.(3) There are many people in the park. Some are playing cards and _____ are walking(4) Only one is red; _____ are blue.(5) I’m still hungry. Could you please give me _____ cake?( ) 18.My cousin will _____ Shanghai in a week.A. return to B. return back C. return D. return into( ) 19. _____ English, we have some other subjects.A. Except for B. Besides C. Except D. In addition( ) 20. I practice my English listening _____ watching English TV programmes.A. with B. at C. by D. for( ) 21. The army ______ the city easily and captured the city by a trick.A. entered into B. entered C. came D. returned back( ) 22. I haven’t got enough money with me. I need _____ five dollars.A. other B. the others C. others D. another( ) 23. The last bus has left, so I ______ take a taxi to go home.A. must B. has to C. have to D. had to10现在完成时:(略)== My brother has been in the army for a year.练习1. since or for _____ a year ; _____ a year ago ; ______ last year; ______ 2:00; _____ he left school; ______ a moment; _____ Nov.12,2007; ______19872. Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets1) I ______(throw) away the broken glasses already.2) He _____(collect) stamps since he ______(be) seven years old.3) -----______ your sister _____(arrive) yet?-----Yes, she has.----- When _____ she _____(arrive)?----- She _____(arrive) two hours ago.4) Since then many people _____ (give) interest in this report.5) We _____(just come) back from India.3. ( ) A: Where is Xiao Li?B: He _______ to Beijing on business. He _____ home this morning.A. has been, has left B. has gone, left C. went, left D. is going, has left4. ( ) In the past few years we _____ great progress with the help of the teachers.A. have made B. made C. make D. are making5. ( ) Which of the following sentences is correct?A. He has borrowed the book for a week.B. Tom has joined the army since he was eighteen.C. Where have you gone these days?D. How long has she been away from Shanghai?
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