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bear、 tolerate、 stand、 endure的用法区别.doc

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bear、 tolerate、 stand、 endure的用法区别.doc
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bear, endure,stand ,tolerate 都含有一定的“忍耐、忍受“ 之意在表示忍受 pain,suffering ,hardship 等时,在许多情况下这四个词可以互换使用;通常与 can 或 cannot 连用bear 强调忍受者对痛苦、忧虑、烦恼以及责任的承受力(常用于否定句中)endure (=bear bravely)指经受长期的艰难、困苦或折磨而不屈服,强调持久力和意志坚强(常用于否定句中)stand 强调不屈不挠或经受得起(常用于否定句中)tolerate 指忍受某人或某种行为而不反抗,语气最弱(即可用于肯定句也可用于否定句)Exercises:选择最恰当答案 &翻译每句句子!1.It seems that these ants can ____temperatures which would kill other species.A.stand B.bear C.endure D.tolerate2.Some old people don't like pop songs because they can't ____ so much noise. A.resist B.sustain C.tolerate D.undergo3.This cloth will not ____ washing.A.stand in for B.bear C.endure D.tolerate4.I can't ____ him. I can't ____ to wait any longer. A.endure,stand B.endure,bear C.tolerate,bear D.stand,endure5.We will not ____ interference in our home affairs. A.stand B.agree with C.endure D.tolerate 参考答案及具体分析:1.It seems that these ants can __D__temperatures which would kill other species. 看来这些蚂蚁能够忍受可能会置其他物种于死地的温度.A.stand B.bear C.endure D.tolerate2.Some old people don't like pop songs because they can't __C__ so much noise. 老年人不喜欢流行歌曲,因为他们不能忍受太大的吵闹声 .A.resist B.sustain C.tolerate D.undergo3.This cloth will not __B__ washing. 这块布不耐洗.A.stand in for B.bear C.endure D.tolerate4.I can't __A__ him. I can't ____ to wait any longer. 我不能容忍他.我再也等待不下去了.A.endure,stand B.endure,bear C.tolerate,bear D.stand,endure5.We will not __D__ interference in our home affairs. 我们决不能容忍干涉我们的内政.A.stand B.agree with C.endure D.tolerate
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