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人教版高中英语必修5Unit2词汇句型语法知识点详解.doc

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人教版高中英语必修5Unit2词汇句型语法知识点详解.doc
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第 1 页 共 17 页Unit 2 The United KingdomPart 1. Warming up1.Do this quiz and find out how much you know about the UK.be known as…作为…而出名be known for…因。 。 。而出名Kate is well-known as a poet, but nor for speeches.2. How many countries does the UK consist of?consist vi.组成;在于;一致consist with.与……一致 be consistent with.与…… 一致运用 完成句子(1)这个俱乐部由大约 50 名会员组成。This club ____________ about 50 members.(2)理论应与实践相一致。Theory should ______________________________ practice.(3)这个计划妙就妙在简明扼要。The beauty of the plan _______________ its simplicity(4)你的行为和你所说的不一致。Your conduct is not _______________ what you say.consists of consist with/be consistent withconsists in consistent with3. Who rules the UKrule (1)v.统治,管辖;控制,支配;判定,裁定rule(over) sb./sth. 统治者Alexandria ruled(over)a large empire.亚历山大大帝统治着一个庞大的帝国。Don’t let the desire for money rule your life.不要让追求金钱的欲望控制了你的生活。He lets his heart rule his head. 他感情用事。It is up to the court to rule on this matter.这件事由法院来裁定。(2)n. (官方的或公认的)规则,章程,规章,条例It’s against the rule to handle the ball in football.用手触球在足球比赛中是违反规则的。Part 2. Pre-reading, reading and comprehending 1. England can be divided into three main areas.divide.into 把……分成divide sth.(out/up) between/among sb.把某物分配给某人divide A by B A 除以 B辨析 divide.into/separate.from(1)divide.into 是把一个整体分割成若干部分。(2)separate.from separate 指把原来连在一起或靠近的人或物分离开来,常与 from 连用。运用 完成句子(1)我们分成几个小组吧。Let's ________________________ several groups.第 2 页 共 17 页(2)孩子们,你们把这个蛋糕分了吃吧。Children, ________ the cake up between/among you.(3)如果你把二十除以四,那么商是五。If you ________ 20 ________ 4, the answer is 5.(4)台湾海峡把台湾岛和福建省分隔开。The Taiwan Strait _____________ Taiwan Island _________Fujian Province.divide ourselves into divide divide y separates from2. You can clarify this question if you study British history. 如果你学习了英国历史,就能弄清楚这个问题。词语归纳clarify  vt .阐明; 解释 vi .变得清晰clarification ( n .)阐明,解释,澄清clarify one’s position/stand 澄清某人的立场3.Now when people refer to England you find Wales included as well.这是“find + 宾语 + 宾语补足语” 的结构。有此用法的还有 keep。find + 宾语 + 过去分词/
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