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八年级上册Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation单元语法知识汇总.doc

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八年级上册Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation单元语法知识汇总.doc
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长湖中学八年级英语 Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?知识点总结1Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?1、 be on vacation 在度假 go on vacation 去度假Where did you go on vacation?你去哪里度假?Where were you on vacation?你在哪里度假?2、 visit 用法visit+人: 拜访某人,看望某人visit+地方:参观某地I visited my grandparents last week.上周我去看了我的爷爷奶奶。She visited the Palace Museum last year.她去年参观了故宫博物馆。3、 去某地、到达某地的表达方式:go to +地方:去某地get to +地方:到达某地arrive in+大地方 arrive at+小地方reach+地方go to New York City 去纽约I got to Malaysia yesterday.我昨天到达马来西亚。I arrived in Beijing the day before yesterday.我前天到达了北京。注意:go home/here/there 回家 /去这里/去那里get home/here/there 到家 /到这里/到那里arrive home/here/there 到家/ 到这里/到那里(home/here/there 是副词,要去掉 to)4、 buy +人+物 = buy +物 for +人:给某人买某物I bought a gift for my sister.=I bought my sister a gift.我给我姐姐买了一个礼物。5、 玩得开心:have fun=have a good/great time=enjoy oneselfhave fun+动词 ing 形式have a good/great time+动词 ing 形式Did everyone have a good time?每个人都玩得开心吗?We enjoyed ourselves on the beach.我们在沙滩上玩得很开心。I had fun learning English.我学英语有乐趣。We have a good time playing computer games.我们玩电脑游戏很开心。6、 “go+动词 ing 形式 ”:“去做某事” ,用于表达从事某一活动go shopping 去购物 / go fishing 去钓鱼 / go boating 去划船 / go hiking 去远足7、 英语中多、少的用法:英语单词/短语 中文意思 用法 例子many 许多 +可数名词复数形式 many apples 许多苹果much 许多 +不可数名词 much bread 许多面包too many 太多 +可数名次复数形式 too many questions 太多问题too much 太多 +不可数名词 too much chicken 太多鸡肉a lot of=lots of许多 +可数名词复数形式+不可数名词lots of buildings 许多建筑物a lot of water 许多水few 很少,几乎没有 +可数名词复数形式表否定意义,几乎没有He has few friends.他几乎没有朋友。a few 少量 +可数名词复数形式表肯定意义,少量He has a few friends.他有几个朋友。little 很少,几乎没有 +不可数名次表否定意义,几乎没有There is little water in the cup.杯子里没什么水了。a little 少量 +不可数名词表肯定意义,少量There is a little water in the cup.杯子里还有一点儿水。quite a few 相当多,不少 +可数名词复数形式 quite a few people 相当多的人quite a little 相当多,不少 +不可数名词 quite a little juice 相当多的果汁区别:much too=too 太:He is much too fat.他太胖了。8、 nothing…but(1)…表:除(1)… 之外什么也没有;只有(1)…nothing much to do 没什么事可做I have nothing to do but do some housework.我除了做家务,没有事情可做。There was nothing much to do in the evening but read.除了看书,没什么事情可做。注意:
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