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小升初英语专项:冠词.doc

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小升初英语专项:冠词.doc
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三. 冠词一、冠词的概念放在名词前,用来说明名词所指的人或物,对名词起限制作用的虚词叫做冠词。二、冠词的分类冠词有两种,定冠词和不定冠词三、冠词的用法1.不定冠词 a 和 an 的用法1).a 用在以辅音音素开始的名词前;an 用在以元音音素开始的名词前。如:an apple a bed2).表示某类人或事物中的“一个” ,但不强调数目概念,没有 one 强烈。如:I have a new bag.3). 用于第一次提到的和泛指的单数可数名词前。如:There is a book on the desk.Do you have a ruler?4).用于某些固定词组中如: have a good time a lot of have a look2.定冠词 the 的用法1).用在对话双方都知道的人或物前。如:Close the door, please. 请关门。Look at the blackboard. 请看黑板。2).特指某些人或事物。如:Who’s the girl in blue? 那个穿蓝衣服的女孩是谁?The book on the desk is mine.桌上的书是我的。3).指上文提到的人或物。如:A woman is coming. The woman is our English teacher.一位女士正向这边走来。这位女士是我们的英语老师。There is a monkey in the tree. The monkey is eating bananas.树上有一只猴子。这只猴子正在吃香蕉。4).用在序数词和形容词最高级前。如:the third day 第三天 the tallest boy 最高的男孩 5).用于某些习惯用语中。如:in the same class 在同一个班 on the left 在左边 play the violin 拉小提琴6).用在表示世界上独一无二的事物的名词前。如: The sun is shining.阳光明媚 The earth is round. 地球是圆的。7).用在海洋、湖泊、海峡、山脉等地理名词前。如:the Yellow River 黄河 8).用在姓氏的复数前,表示一家人。如:The Lis are going to have a trip.李先生一家打算去旅行。3.不用冠词的情况1)在表示节假日等名词前不用冠词。如:Spring Festival Christmas2).在一日三餐前不用冠词。如: It’s time for breakfast.3).在表示季节、年月、星期、球类运动和棋类游戏等名词前不用冠词如:It’s Friday . I like playing football.4).称呼语前面不用冠词如:Mum ,where is my hat? Aunt Zhang.5).名词前已有做定语用的代词时,不再用冠词。如:This is my bag. Those are your books.6).在某些固定词组前不用冠词如:at night go to school at home◆课堂练习:一.在下列句中空白处填入适当冠词,不需用冠词处划×。 1.There is _______ picture of _______ elephant on _______ wall. 2.This is _______ useful book.I’ve read it for _______ hour. 3. _______ elephant is much heavier than _______ horse. 4._______ doctor told him to take _______ medicine three times _______ day. 5.Let’s go out for _______ walk. 6.It’s too hot.Open _______ door,please . 7.There is _______ woman over there. _______ woman is Meimei’s mother. 8._______ sun rises in _______ east. 9. _______ Changjiang River is _______ longest river in _______ China. 10.Are you going to do it _______ second time? 11.Washington is _______ capital of _______ USA. 12. _______ Turners are living at the end of _______ Turner Street. 13.He joined the army in _______ spring of _______ 1995. 14.______ old man is _____teacher.He likes playing ______basketball after _______ supper. 15.After I had _______ quick breakfast,I hurried to school. 16.Are _______ sheep kept by _______ farmers for producing _______ wool and _______ meat? 17.They went to _______ People’s Park,but we both went to _______ People's Cinema yesterday. 18.I often watch _______ TV in _______ evening. 19. _______ day of _______ December 20th,1999 is Monday. 20.Tomorrow is _______ Christmas Day and my father and I went to choose _______ Christmas tree today. 21.I think _______ maths is more important than any other subject. 22.He often goes to _______ school by _______ bike. 23.What does this _______ word mean, _______ Father? 24.What _______ important news!二.选择题1.She has _______ orange skirt. _______ skirt is nice. A.a;The B.an;The C.an;A D.the ;The 2.This is _______ apple.It’s _______ big apple . A.an;a B.a ;the C.a;an D.an ;the 3.Look at _______ horse over there. A.a B.an C.the D./ 4.Don’t play _______ basketball here.It’s dangerous. A.a B.an C./ D.the 5.There is _______ old woman in the car. A./ B.the C.a D.an 6.We can’t see _____ sun at _____ night.A.the;the B.the ;/ C .a ;/ D./;/ 7.____ Great Wall is ____ longest wall in the world.A.A;a B .The;the C.A;the D.The;a 8.Does Tom often play ____ football after ____ school?A./;/B./;the C.the;/ D.a ;/ 9.His father is ____ English teacher.He works in our school . A.a B .an C.the D./ 10.—Does Jim have _______ ruler? —Yes,he has _______ . A.an;some B.a ;one C.a;/ D.any;one 11. _______ apple a day keeps the doctors aw ay. A.The B . A C.An D.Two 12.—How many books do you have? —I have _______ book. That's _______ English book. A.a;an B.a ;one C.one;an D.one ;one 13.At that time Tom was _______ one-year-old baby. A.a B .an C.the D./ 14. _______ tiger is _______ China. A.The;a B.A;the C.The;from D.The;the15. _______ useful book it is! A.What an B .How a C.What a D.What 16.One afternoon he found _______ handbag.There was _______ “s”on the corner of _______ handbag. A.a;an;the B .a;a;the C.an ;an;an D .the;a ;a17.Is he _______ American boy ? A.an B .a C.one D./18.Beijing is _______ beautiful city.It's _______ capital of China. A.a;a B.the ;the C ./;the D.a;the 19.Shanghai is in _______ east of China. A./ B.an C.a D.the 20.The museum is quite far.It will take you half _______ hour to get there by _______ bus. A.an;/ B.an ;a C.a;/ D./;/
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