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存在句.ppt

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存在句.ppt
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There be句型,1、There is a picture on the wall.2、 There is a bag behind the chair.3、 There are two English books on the desk.,There be 句型1. 定义:表示某地有某物2. 基本结构: There is + 可数名词单数/不可数名词+地点状语 There are + 可数名词复数 + 地点状语eg. There is a lake in the picture.There are two houses in the picture.,注:当有当主语是两个或两个以上名词的时候,谓语动词要与跟它最近的那个名词一致,又称“就近原则”。eg.There is a lake and two houses in the picture.There are two houses and a lake in the picture.,3 否定句:There be + not/no。 如果有some,则变为any。 注: not和no的不同:not是副词,no为形容词,not a/an/any + n. 相当于no+ n. eg. There are some pictures on the wall. There aren't any pictures on the wall. There are no pictures on the wall.,,,4 一般疑问句:把be提到句首,变句号为问号。如果句中有some则变为any。eg. There is some water in the cup.Is there any water in the cup?,exercise: 一 将中文翻译成英语 1 教室前面有两棵树。There are two trees in front of the classroom.2 餐桌上有一个苹果和两个梨。There is an apple and two pears on the table.,二 将下列句子变成否定句和一般疑问句。 1.There is some water in the bottle. There is no water in the bottle.Is there any water in the bottle?2.There are many apples in the box.There aren’t many apples in the box.Are there many apples in the box?,
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