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Unit1 Making friends语法.doc

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Unit1 Making friends语法.doc
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- 1 -Unit 1 making friends Date:________ name:_______【语法专讲】特殊疑问句:以疑问代词 what, who, whose, which 或疑问副词 when, where, why, how 等放在句首提问的句子,叫特殊疑问句。答句必须针对问句中的疑问词来回答,疑问词分为疑问代词和疑问副词。一、特殊疑问词(一) 疑问代词 who/whom/whose/what/which1. who, whom, whose 只能指人who 常作主语或宾语;whom 作宾语,可用 who 替代;whose 常作定语或表语。eg: Who taught you math last year? (主语)Whom did you see? (宾语)Whose father works in Shenzhen? (定语)2. what 用来询问物或数量,用来询问人时涉及人的职业,身份或外貌。如:What would you like to eat today? 你今天想吃什么? What is your mother ? 你妈妈是干什么的?3. which 用来询问人或物,一般有特定的选择范围。如:Which is your sister of the two girls? 那两个姑娘中哪个是你姐姐?(二) 疑问副词 常用的疑问副词有:where, when, why, how 以及 how 引伸的一些疑问词组,如:how much (many), how long, how old, how far, how often, how soon 等。他们在句中通常作状语,可表时间,方式,原因等。如:When will you come back? 你什么时候回来?Where did you put your mobile phone? 你把手机放哪Why are you late? 你为什么迟到?How long did you stay in Beijing? 你在北京呆了多久?- 2 -二、不定冠词1. 不定冠词是 a/an,一般放在名词之前。a 用于以辅音(不是辅音字母)开头的单词前,an 用于以元音(不是元音字母)开头的单词前。如:a boy 一个男孩 a European country 一个欧洲国家an island 一座岛屿 an hour 一小时2. 不定冠词的用法(1) 用在可数名词的单数形式前面*表示一类事物或人中的任何一个。如:There is an island over there. 那儿有一座岛Be sure to bring me a dictionary. 一定要给我带本字典来。*表示一类事物或人,a/an 在此处不用翻译。如:An ear is an organ for listening. 耳朵是听觉器官。A tiger is a wild animal. 老虎是一种野生动物。 (2) 用在专有名词前面,表示“ 一个”、 “一种”、 “一类”或“一个类似.的” 。如:That city is a Venice in China. 那座城市是中国的威尼斯。【知识巩固】一、根据 A 句的意思,对 A 句的划线部分提问,完成 B 句。1. A. She often goes to work by bike every day.B. _______ _______ she often _______ to work every day?2. A. The blue T-shirt is Bill’s.B. _______ _______ the blue T-shirt?3. A. My father will go to Kunming next week.B. _______ _______ your father go to Kunming?4. A. His brother is about five years old.B. _______ _______ is his brother?5. A. They went to the park yesterday afternoon.B. _______ _______ they _______ yesterday afternoon?二、填入适当的疑问词1. A: _______ is the boy in blue? B: He’s Mike.- 3 -2. A: ___________ wallet is it?
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