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英语中,主谓宾定状补的含义.doc

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英语中 主谓宾定状补的含义.doc
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英语句子的成分共九类,其中最主要的句子成分包括:主、谓、宾、表、定、状、补语和同位语。1. 主语 (Subject) 是句子的核心,是人或事。a) 位置:通常位于句子的开头或位于谓语动词前,表明动作的主体。b) 可以作主语的成分包括:名词、代词、数词、主语从句(what/that/ how/ whether 从句等)、现在分词(-ing) 和动词不定式 (to do)、the + adj.结构。c) Study the following examples and underline the subject in each sentence. Eg1. An earthquake has claimed hundreds of lives. Eg2. Whether the football game will be played depends on the weather. Eg3. The ignorant can be fearless. 2. 谓语 (Predicate) 用来描述主语的动作、状态或特征。a) 位置:通常紧接着主语。b) 可以作谓语的成分包括:动词、情态动词+动词。c) Study the following examples and underline the predicate in each sentence. Eg1. Life is full of ups and downs. Eg2. You cannot control your life, but you can control your attitude towards life.Eg3: In this day and age, an increasing number of people agree that gambling (赌博) is an unwholesome hobby.3. 宾语 (Object) 用来表示动作或行为的对象。a) 位置:位于及物动词或介词后面。b) 可以作宾语的成分包括:名词、代词、数词、复合结构(双宾语等)、从句(what/that/ how/ whether 从句等)、现在分词、动词不定式。c) Study the following examples and underline the object in each sentence. Eg1. Junk food impairs people’s health.Eg2. Change what you can bear, while bear what you cannot change.Eg3. Studies reveal that there is a definite link between obesity (肥胖症) and serious diseases such as heart attacks.4. 表语 (Predicative) a) 位置:位于 be 动词或系动词 (如:look, seem, 详见《讲义》P8)b) 可以作表语的成分包括:名词、代词、数词、形容词、副词、介词短语、现在分词、过去分词、动词不定式或从句(what/that/ how/ whether 从句等 )。c) Study the following examples and underline the predicative in each sentence. Eg1. Life is a stage. Eg2. I feel under the weather today. Eg3. What we should do is to teach children how to distinguish good from bad (right from wrong). 5. 定语 (Attribute) 用来修饰名词或名词性词组。a) 位置:通常位于名词或名词性词组之前,有时也可放在之后(I want something to eat)。b) 可以作定语的成分包括:形容词(最常用) 、代词、数词、名词、名词所有格、介词短语、现在分词、过去分词、动词不定式和定语从句。c) Study the following examples and underline the attribute in each sentence. Eg1. A warm smile is the universal language. Eg2. In recent years, the Internet has been gaining in popularity at an amazing rate/ at lightning speed.Eg3. Those who h
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