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英语语法高考英语典型陷阱题解析91例.doc

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英语语法高考英语典型“陷阱题”解析 91例1.Mary couldn’t make herself _______ attention to because her classmates made so much noise.A. paid B. to pay C. pay D. paying2.Was it through Mary , ____ was working at a high school , _____ you get to know Tom ?A. who, who B. that, which C. who, that D. who, which3.Every minute is made full use of _______ our lessons.A. studying B. to study C. study D. being studied4.I agree with most of what you said, but I don't agree with _____.A. everything B. anything C. something D. nothing5. —Would you like _______ , sir? —No, thanks. I have had much.A.some more oranges B.any more oranges C.some more orange D.any more orange6.He suggested the person referred _______ put into prison.A. is B. be C. to be D. should be7.—Well. I do think the rabbit is a beautiful, gentle animal which can run very fast.—_____________.A.So it is B.So is it C.So does it D.So it does8.“Is there _____ here?” “No, Bob and Tim have asked for leave.”A. anybody B. everybody C. somebody D. nobody9.“I think the teacher is wrong, _____?” “No, I don't think so.”A. don't you B. don't I C. doesn't he D. doesn't she10.Don't you know _____, my dear friend, it is you that she loves?A. who B. which  C. that D. what11. He transplanted the little tree to the garden _____ it was the best time for it.A. where B. when C. that D. until12.If the weather is fine, we'll go. If _____, _____.A. not, not B. no, no  C. not, no D. no, not13.--- Mum, why do you always make me eat an egg every day ?--- ____ enough protein and nutrition as you are growing up.A. Get B. Getting C. To get D. To be getting14.She's too thin. She ____ gain some weight but she _____ too little.A. would, ate B. will, eats  C. would, eats D. will, ate15. — What should I do with this passage?—_____ the main idea of each paragraph.A. Finding out B. Found out C. Find out D. To find out16.She can't help _____ the house because she's busy making a cake.A. to clean B. cleaning C. cleaned D. being cleaned17. The prize of the game show is $30,000 and an all expenses __________ vacation to China.A. paying B. paid C. to be paid D.being paid18.I'm examining the composition he has just finished ____ the possible mistakes in it.A. correcting B. to correct C. corrected D. correct19.He ________ more than 5,000 English words when he entered the university at the age of 15.A. has learned B. would have learned C. learned D. had learned20.The judge paid no attention to _____ he had just lost his wife.A. that B. which C. what D. the fact that21. ____ a broken chair , the room is empty A. Except B. Except for C. Except that D. Besides22.The wonderful time they had been looking forward ____ at last.A. to arrive B. to arrived C. to arriving D. should arrive24. --- What do you think made Mary so upset ?--- ____ her new bicycle.A. As she lost B. Lost C. Losing D. Because of losing.25.He wrote a lot of novels, none of _____ translated into a foreign language.A. them B. which  C . it D. what26.Mr. Smith is a painter, _____ I should also like to be.A. that B. which C. who D. it27. As soon as he comes back, I’ll tell him when _______ and see him.A. you will come B. will you come C. you come D. do you come28I agree with most of what you said, but I don't agree with ____.A. everything B. anything C. something D. nothing29.After ____ seemed like hours he came out with a bitter smile.A. which B. it C. what D. that30.He was so angry at all _____ she was doing _____ he walked out.A. what, that B. that, that C. that, which D. what, as31. --- When shall we meet again ? --- Make it ____ day you like; it's all the same to me .A. one B. any C. another D. some32. —Did Jack come back early last night?—Yes. It was not yet eight o’clock _______ he arrived home.A.before B.When C.that D.until33.--- Alice , you feed the bird today , ______?--- But I fed it yesterday .A. do you B. will you C. didn't D. don't you34.She is quite a different girl _____ she was five years ago.A. from B. to C. than D. with35Few pleasures can equal ______ of a cool drink on a hot day.A. some B. any C. that D. those36.Use an umbrella to _____ you from the rain.A. stop B. prevent  C. keep D. protect37.Who did the teacher have ___ an article for the wall newspaper just now?A. written B. writing C. write D. to write38.He transplanted the little tree to the garden _____ it was the best time for it.A. where B. when C. that D. until39.Shirley _____ a book about China last year, but I don't know whether she has finished it.A. has written B. wrote C. had written D. was writing40. --- Who should I send this message to ? --- The mayor is the one ___ ?A. to send it B. to be sent C. for sending D. to send it to41.It is so difficult a problem that _____ student in this class _____ work it out.A. any, can't B. no, can C. every, can D. no, can't42.The young man spent as much time as he _____ over his lessons.A. went B. can go C. could going D. could to go43_____ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month.A. It B. As C. That D. What44. —Must I turn off the gas after cooking ? —Of course . You can never be _______ careful withthat.A.enough B.too C.so D.very45.Mrs Brown was much disappointed to see the washing machine she had had ____ went wrong again.A. it B. it repaired C. repaired D. to be repaired46. --- Don't forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow. ---______ .A.I don't B.I won't C.I can't D.I haven't47.I'll come to see you if _____.A. you're convenient B. it is convenient for youC. you feel convenient D. it is convenient with you48.Sarah hopes to become a friend of _____ shares her interests.A. anyone B. whomever C. whoever D. no matter who高中英语单项选择题讲练1. I hope _____ the job she's applied for (申请) .A. she's going to get B. she'll get C. she is to get D. she decides to get2. There must be _____ book which could help .A. some B. any C. one D. one useful3. If you _____ stop smoking , you can only expect to have a bad cough .A. won't B. would not C. do not D. can not4. Take a taxi , _____ you'll miss your train .A. and B. if C. otherwise D. or5. I'd better not catch ______ that again !A. your doing B. you doing C. you to do D. you being doing6. I couldn't have got to the meeting on time - _______ an earlier train .A. if I had not caught B. unless I had caughtC. if I did not catch D. unless I caught7. I'll have you ______ English in six months .A. speaking B. speak C. spoken D. be able to speak8. Our decision _____ was wise .A. of waiting B. to wait C. for waiting D. to be waiting9. He's unlucky , and he's always suffering _____ luck one after another .A. a sick B. an ill C. sick D. ill10. The news about the terrible flood there greatly discouraged ______ these for a sight-seeing .A. us from going B. us to go C. our going D. our to go11. My dictionary ________ . I have looked for it everywhere but still ______ it .A. has lost ; do not find B. is missing ; do not findC. has lost ; have not found D. is missing ; have not found12. Shortly after the accident , two ______ police were sent to the spot to keep order .A. dozens of B. dozens C. dozen of D. dozen13. Besides Tom , ______ Crosettes have two other sons , ______ of whom are all interested in making model planes .A.不填;two B. 不填;the two C. the ; three D. the ; the three14. Mr. Zhang gave all the textbooks to all the pupils , except _____ who had already taken them .A.these B. ones C.the ones D. the others15. ______ professional violinist practises for several hours a day , but ______ violinist has his own way of playing the Beethoven concert .A. Each , every B. Every ; each C. All ; every D. Either ; every16. The black horse is _____ of the pair .A. the strongest B. the stronger C. the strong D. quite strong17. The duties of a policeman are _____ than ____A. dangerouser ; a teacher B. more dangerous ; a teacherC. greater danger ; those of a teacher D. more dangerous ; those of a teacher18. It is a rule in his family that ______ comes home earlier should cook the dinner for the familyA. Anybody B. who C. who that D. whoever19. I really wonder ______ he has posted me many parcels _____ we worked together .A. how ; after B. why ; when C. when ; before D. why ; since20 . -How long _______ each other before they ________ married ? -For about a year .A. have they known ; get B. did they know ; were going to getC. do they know ; are going to get D. had they known ; got21. Michael ______ here to see you and he ______ a note on your desk .A. has come ; has left B. has been ; has leftC. has come ; left D. has been ; left22. -When ______ and visit our exhibition next month ? -When _______ , I will let you know .A. will he come ; he will come B. will he come ; he comesC. does he come ; he will come D. does he come ; he comes23. Mrs. Green wants to buy that kind of cloth because she ______ that the cloth _____ very well.A. has been told ; washes B. is told ; is washedC. has been told ; is washed D. is told ; is washed24. It's nearly seven o'clock . Jack _____ be here at any moment .A. must B. need C. should D. can25. I _____ you somewhere before , but your name has escaped me _____ moment .A. must see ; for a moment B. must have seen ; for a momentC. must see ; for the moment D. must have seen ; for the moment26. We're leaving at six o'clock , and hope _____ most of the journey by lunch time .A. to do B. to have done C. to make D. to have made27. She was afraid _____ the dog in case it became dangerous .A. of exciting B. to excite C. that she excited D. to be exciting28. The bad weather meant ______ the rocket launch (发射) for 48 hours .A. delaying B. having delayed C. to delay D. to have delayed29. Do you consider it any good _____ the truck again ?A. to repair B. repairing C. repaired D. being repairing30. ______ to somebody , a British person after shakes hands with the stranger .A. Introducing B. To introduce C. To be introduced D. On being introduced31. _____ in thought , he almost ran into the car in front of him .A. Losing B. Having lost C. Lost D. To lost32. Let us not waste ______ time we have left . the little B. little C. a little D. a little more33. I think the doctor is able to care of _____ is the matter with your son .A. all B. what C. whatever D. anything34. We will take _____ wants to go there for a sight-seeing .A. whoever B. who C. anybody D. all that35. I caught the last bus from town , but Harry came home ______ that night .A.very late B. even later C. the same late D. the last one36. -What was the party like ? -Wonderful .It is years _____ I enjoyed myself so much .A. after B. when C. before D. since37. A man does not know the difficulty of anything _____ he does it personally .A. although B. if C. because D. unless38. Mary ______ to see you . She _____ for you downstairs at the moment .A. has come ; is waiting B. came ; is waitingC. has come ; waited D. came ; was waiting39. -Have you ever seen Peter recently ?-Yes . He _____ me to ask you how you _____ along with your new job these days .A. has asked ; have been getting B. asked ; were gettingC. often asks ; are getting D. asked ; are getting40.--Is that the small town you often refer to?(2005 福建卷)--Right,just the one____ you know I used to work for years.A. that B. which C. where D. what41.Mom is coming. What present _________for your birthday? (2005福建卷)A. you expect you have got B. you expect has she gotC.do you expect she has got D.do you expect has she got42.It is what you do rather than what you say______matters. (2005天津卷)A. that B. what C. which D. this43.An awful accident, however, _____occur the other day.A. does B. did C. has to D had to44.The boss praised the young man for his hard work, though he ____ experience.A. is lack of B. is lacking inC. lacks of D. is lacking of答案解析1.答案解析:此题容易误选 C, 其实此题应选 A。 pay attention to 是动词短语起及物动词的作用,在句中作宾语补足语,与宾语 herself构成被动关系。2.答案解析: 此题应选 C,但是许多学生刚好首先排除了 C项,他们认为:(1)非限制性定语从句不用关系代词 that引导;(2)强调句型 It be + 被强调部分 + that (who)…中,who (that)前不能有逗号。上述两点是对的,在此句中 Was it…that…也的确是强调句型,但句中的两个逗号不在强调句型中,它的作用是把非限制性定语从句 who was working at a high school与句子其它部分分隔开来。整句话的汉语意思是:玛丽在一所中学工作,你是不是通过她认识汤姆的?3.答案解析:此题容易误选 A,认为动名词作介词的宾语。其实此题应选 B,此句是被动句,转换成主动句就成为 we make full use of every minute to study our lessons.。是不定式作目的状语。4.答案解析: 此题容易误选 B,生搬硬套不定代词用法规则:something 用于肯定句,anything 用于否定句或疑问句。其实此题应选 A,注意前文的 I agree with most of what you said(我同意你说的大部分内容),其后的 not与 everything构成部分否定,意为“不是所有的都同意”,前后两部分用转折连词 but连接,语气通顺、连贯。5.答案解析:选 C。当用委婉的语气希望得到对方肯定回答的时候,疑问句中的some不能变成 any。从答语中的 much可判断出前面的名词应该是不可数的。此句话的汉语意思是:-先生,还要点橙汁吗?-不了,谢谢,我已喝了很多了。6.答案解析:此题应选 C. referred to 过去分词作定语,be put intoprison是宾语从句的谓语部分。学生由于粗心,容易误选 B或者 D。7.答案解析:此题容易误选 B,平时同学们经常练习和 so有关的倒装句:so 放在句首,表示前面的肯定内容也适用于另一个人或物。其结构为:so +助动词+主语。因此在未完全理解题意时,就主观地选择了 B。其实最佳答案为 A。本题考查\“so+主语+助动词\“结构,用来表示赞成前一说话者所说的内容,可译为\“是的\“、\“对\“或\“确实如此\“。此句话的汉语意思是:-哎, 我真地认为这兔子是一只漂亮温顺的动物,跑得很快。- 确实如此。8.答案解析:此题容易误选 A,认为这是一般疑问句,要用 anybody。其实此题应选 B,主要与上下文的语境有关。全文语境为:“大家都到齐了吗?”“没有,Bob 和 Tim两人请假了。”9.答案解析:此题容易误选 C或 D,因为按照语法规则,I think 后接宾语从句时,其反意疑问句与从句保持一致,但是退一步,即使按此规则,其反意疑问句也应是 isn't he或 isn't she之类的,而不是像 C或 D那样用 doesn't he和 doesn't she。综合四个选项,最佳答案为 A,don't you 为 don't you think so之省略。10.答案解析:此题容易误选 A或 B,选 A者认为这是指人的,故用 who;选 B者认为这是非限制性定语从句,两者都是误认为这是定语从句(注意没有先行词),其实此题应选 C,that 引导的是一个宾语从句(用做动词 know的宾语),它只是被句中的插入语 my dear friend隔开罢了。其实此句也可说成:My dear friend, don't you know that it is you that she loves?11.答案解析:此题容易误选 C, 把 the garden看成是先行词,以为是 where引导的表地点的定语从句。其实此题应选 B。这是 when引导时间状语从句。此句话的汉语意思是:他把小树在最合适的时候移植到花园。12.答案解析:此题应选 A。If not, not.为 If the weather is not fine, we will not go.之省略,全句意为“如果天气好,我们就去;如果天气不好,我们就不去”。该句的特点是:后句与前句的用词和句式完全相同,只是前句为肯定,后句为否定,为了简洁起见,于是将后句与前句相同部分省略,只保留否定词not。13.答案解析: 此处回答 why, 因而答案选 C. 作目的状语。14.答案解析:此题有些难度,许多同学不知如何分析。我们先根据题目所提供的选项将句意大致概括出来:她太瘦了。她会增加体重的,但她吃得太少了。根据句首 She's too thin这一所给信息可知,“她瘦”应是客观事实。按照一般的常识,“吃得少”就会导致“瘦”,“吃得多”就会导致“胖”,根据句首的信息,“她瘦”是客观事实,所以她“吃得少”也应是事实,因此第二空应填 eats(即用一般现在时表示现在的事实)。根据上面的分析:“她瘦”和“她吃得少”均为现在的事实,那么“她体重会增加”就应是假设(注意句中的转折连词 but),所以第一空应填 would,其实,此句可理解为其后省略了一个条件状语 if she ate more (如果她多吃一点的话)。此题最佳答案选 C。15.答案解析:此题极易误选 A。认为是动名词短语作 do的宾语。其实我们把该答案代入原文,便发现不行。因为 do finding out…是绝对不能搭配的。其实此题应选 C。考查祈使句。此句话的汉语意思是:-我应该怎么处理这段文章?- 归纳出每段的中心思想。16.答案解析:此题容易误选 B,简单地套用 can't help doing sth这一结构。其实此题应选 A,注意以下两个结构均可用,但是含义不同:can't help doing sth =禁不住做某事,情不自禁地做某事;can't help to do sth =不能帮助做某事。前者为引申用法,一般辞书均将其作为固定搭配列出来,许多老师对此也比较强调,从而就使同学们形成了思维定势;而后者为 help表示“帮助”时的本义用法,因同学们平时对此不大注意,一看到上面的试题马上就联想到 can't help doing sth这一结构,从而误选了 B。17.答案解析:选 B。此句话的汉语意思是:“联众秀”的奖金是 3万美元和一次一切费用全免的中国之旅。paid 和 expenses之间存在着逻辑上的动宾关系,过去分词作定语修饰 expenses。整个 all expenses paid又作定语修饰vacation。 多数考生没把 all expenses paid看成一个整体,而认为 all expenses和 pay 存在着逻辑上的主谓关系;pay 和 vacation存在着逻辑上的动宾关系;而误选答案 A。18.答案解析:此题容易误选 A,因为习惯思维 finish 后接 doing. 但从句 he has just finished为定语从句。答案选 B,动词不定式作目的状语。19.答案解析:此题容易误选 C,学生见到过去时间点,就会依据平时的经验选择一般过去时。其实此题应选 D。掌握了 5000多个单词并非在 15岁上大学时发生,而是早在之前就完成了,过去的过去, 所以要用过去完成时。此句话的汉语意思是:在他 15岁上大学时,就已经掌握了 5000多个单词了。20.答案解析:此题容易误选 A或 B:选 A,认为 to后应接一个 that引导的宾语从句;选 B,认为其后是一个定语从句,介词后应用关系代词 which。其实此题应选 D。注意不能选 A的原因是,在通常情况下,介词后不能直接跟 th
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